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First results of the FERTINNOWA presented at "Meeting growers needs: optimal management of irrigation and fertigation" workshop

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FERTINNOWA is a project funded by European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687. It is a knowledge exchange platform to evaluate existing and novel technologies for fertigated crops to disseminate promising technologies and best practices

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First results of the FERTINNOWA presented at "Meeting growers needs: optimal management of irrigation and fertigation" workshop

  1. 1. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Meeting growers’ needs : Optimal management of irrigation and fertigation Els Berckmoes & Esther Lechevalier
  2. 2. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 FERTINNOWA’s passport  Call: WATER-4b-2015 (one-stage)  Water innovation: boosting its value for Europe  Type of action: Coordination and Support Action  Focus: fertigated crops (vegetables, fruits & ornamentals)  Budget: € 2.999.273  Start: 01/01/2016 – 31/12 /2018
  3. 3. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 FERTINNOWA’s Consortium  23 partners + 1 linked third party  9 European Member States (BE, NL, DE, PL, SI, FR, IT, ES, UK) and South-Africa
  4. 4. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Why is there a need for a thematic network? 2012-2013: a benchmark study on behalf of the Flemish Land Agency revealed that : 1. growers struggle to • achieve sufficient and qualitative irrigation water • use irrigation water in an more efficient way • avoid run-off leaching and manage waste fertigated water. 2. knowledge & innovative technologies are available but are not implemented by the growers. FERTINNOWA
  5. 5. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 FERTINNOWA’s actions: Phase 1: 1. Mapping the current situation 2. Mapping the needs and bottlenecks Phase 2: Find & implement solutions by exchange of knowledge and technologies (from in- & outside the horticultural sector) Phase 3: Bridging the gap between knowledge and implementation
  6. 6. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 What is the status of FERTINNOWA today? Phase 1: 1. Mapping the current situation 2. Mapping the needs and bottlenecks Phase 2: Find & implement solutions by exchange of knowledge and technologies (from in- & outside the horticultural sector) Phase 3: Bridging the gap between knowledge and implementation
  7. 7. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 1st step : Inventory of knowledge and benchmark strategy • Review of the available technologies for: • Mapping of existing bottlenecks  Use of sustainable water sources  Increase water and nutrient use efficiency  Minimize impact on the environment  Technical bottlenecks  Socio-economic bottlenecks Regulatory bottlenecks
  8. 8. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 1st step : Inventory of knowledge and benchmark strategy Experts knowledge + information available in the literature: -Technical factsheets -Research -Previous projects Information at the growers’ level: -How do they monitor fertigation ? -Why do they do the way they do? -What problems they meet? -What do they need to improve their fertigation management ?  Bottom-up approach  Current step: partners are gathering data & information on techniques & technologies for fertigation management
  9. 9. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 1st step : Inventory of knowledge and benchmark strategy • Understand uses, choices and needs at the growers’s level: Questionnaire for growers  Including technical, socio-economic and regulatory data  165 questions, multi choice or open-ended About : -water consumption and uses - cropping system type - monitoring and management methods and tools - effluents management Etc…
  10. 10. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 1st step : Inventory of knowledge and benchmark strategy • Interviews carried out in whole Europe - 10 countries - 17 partners - 352 recorded interviews On 513 cropping systems!  Carried out between May and September 2016
  11. 11. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Where are the investigated farms ? : North West zone Netherlands, UK, Belgium, France 96 interviews Central East zone Poland & Slovenia 92 interviews Mediterranean zone Spain, France, Italy 162 interviews Mediterranean North-west Central-East
  12. 12. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 High diversity of farms and systems! Who are the investigated farms ? : 237 60 52 1 system 2 systems 3 systems Number of systems per farm 308 205 soilless system soil-grown system System type: 60% soilless Main crops investigated: Vegetables: tomato, eggplant, pepper, lettuce… Fruits: peach,citrus, soft fruits, …. Ornamental plants: azalea, tulips, protected plants…
  13. 13. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Towards use of sustainable water sources
  14. 14. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Current status in soilless crops • Type of water sources used: MED rainwater groundwater desalinated water disinfected urban wast water drainage water surface water tap water community water CENW R G D R R G G D
  15. 15. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Current status in soilless crops Q45 - 39.What would help to persuade you to use more sustainable water sources?
  16. 16. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Q45 - 39.What would help to persuade you to use more sustainable water sources? Current status in soilless crops
  17. 17. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Current status in soilless crops Q45 - 39.What would help to persuade you to use more sustainable water sources?
  18. 18. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Current status in soilless crops Q45 - 39.What would help to persuade you to use more sustainable water sources?
  19. 19. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Water quality? - On a European level the EC is a major concern - EC strongly depends on the water source and the region Parameter NW CE Med Remarks pH X X Fe X X Salinity (EC) X X Na, Cl, nutrients Hardness X Ca, Mg, Carbonates Organics X Pathogens/ Micro-organism X X Algae Sediments X
  20. 20. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 « Qualitative groundwater is becoming : - Scarce due to nutrient pollution (Spain) - Scarce due to restrictions (Flanders) - Expensive due to taxes (Poland) » Current status in soilless crops
  21. 21. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Growers are facing bottlenecks • Example of the NW and CE region: – Technological: - how to dimension rain water storage? - in relation to the crop? - in relation to the rainfall pattern? - how to collect rain water for soil bound crops?
  22. 22. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 • Example of the NW region - Socio-economic: - cost, space - Legislative: - risk analysis is required for big rain water storages, this often causes delays. - Environmental: - Drift of pesticides Growers are facing bottlenecks
  23. 23. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 • Example of the NW region - Dimensioning tools - Risk analysis (flooding, herbicides) - Cost-benefit analysis Needs
  24. 24. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Towards more efficient use of water and nutrients
  25. 25. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Q103 - 101. Why are you not implementing more innovative technologies? Bottlenecks
  26. 26. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Q103 - 101. Why are you not implementing more innovative technologies? Bottlenecks
  27. 27. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Q103 - 101. Why are you not implementing more innovative technologies? Bottlenecks
  28. 28. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Observation • Water consumption: Only minor group of growers measure water flows Growers only know some general figures • Nutrient consumption: Growers are forced to register (Global Gap)
  29. 29. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Needs - Cost-effectiveness - they need real economic impact to be in the priorities - PROVEN effectiveness - they need proofs from other growers that it works well - Easy to use tools - Technology is sometimes implemented but under used because not practical - Investment cost adapted to the farm scale (observation all over Europe)
  30. 30. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Towards reduced environmental impact
  31. 31. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Q153 - 151. Do you plan to implement new practices for limiting effluent discharge in the next 3 years? Q158 - 156. Do you face control regarding your emissions?
  32. 32. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Bottlenecks - Technological: - Availability of end-of-pipe solutions? - Dimension of the waterflows to be treated? - Socio-economic: - High pressure on horticultural activities - High Investment needed - Legislative: - Changing legislation (for example Poland, Belgium, …) - Legislative demands prior to availability of technologies (for example the Netherlands: removal from residues from waste water flows)
  33. 33. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Needs - Encouraging policies - Long term legislation - Cost effective technologies - Technologies to reduce environmental impact: - For example end-of-pipe solutions
  34. 34. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 FERTINNOWA ? Phase 1: 1. Mapping the current situation 2. Mapping the needs and bottlenecks Phase 2: Find & implement solutions by exchange of knowledge and technologies Phase 3: Bridging the gap between knowledge and implementation
  35. 35. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Phase 2: Find and implement solutions  Focus on exchange of technologies  From inside and outside the horticultural sector  short term results  Each consortium member implement at least 1 technology  Implementation of at least 1 year, max. 2 years
  36. 36. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 FERTINNOWA’s approach: For example the Dutch and Flemisch cucumber growers: Outcome of growers consultation: Growers: “Root exudates are challenging when you want to recirculate. We need a technology to remove these root exudates”
  37. 37. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 FERTINNOWA’s approach: For example the Dutch and Flemisch cucumber growers: The FERTINNOWA’s bottom- up-approach: We involve other stakeholders like researchers and industry Research: “Why not applying activated charcoal? It is done for years in soilless lettuce crops” Industry: “Why not using advanced oxidation?”
  38. 38. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 FERTINNOWA actively exchanges technologies for at least one year on (semi-)field scale FERTINNOWA’s approach: For example the Dutch and Flemisch cucumber growers:
  39. 39. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Actively inform the growers of the results by demonstrations, articles, fact sheets, practice abstracts, …. FERTINNOWA’s approach: For example the Dutch and Flemisch cucumber growers:
  40. 40. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Phase 3: bridging the gap between knowledge and implementation • Field visits en dissemination activities during 2017-2018 • Workshops & conferences: – 2016 (12-13 October Brittany, France): results of growers consultations) – 2017 (The Netherlands): first experiences exchanged technologies – 2018 (Almeria – Spain): final conference
  41. 41. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Phase 3: bridging the gap between knowledge and implementation • Practice abstracts • Website www.FERTINNOWA.be • E-newsletter (2/year) • Articles on general and trade press
  42. 42. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 What will be your role in FERTINNOWA today Tell us your story!! Growers What are your needs? What bottlenecks are you facing? Industry, policymakers, researchers: What can we do to meet the growers needs? Bearing in mind the FERTINNOWA relults.
  43. 43. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Any questions so far?
  44. 44. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Thanks you for your attention !

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