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Framework, bottlenecks and solution routes

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Presented by Wilfred Appelman (TNO) at FERTINNOWA's 2nd International workshop "Meeting growers’ needs: Exchanging Technologies on Irrigation and Fertigation"
Description: To what point are existing regulations efficient or how regulations deal with the sustainability of the present agricultural production models in terms of water and fertiliser´s use is one of the key questions arising. An inventory of water regulations in Europe, country and region scale, has been performed to detect gaps in policy and possible inconsistencies in its application.

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Framework, bottlenecks and solution routes

  1. 1. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Workshop on Legislation and Policy on water and nutrient use in horticulture Framework, bottlenecks and solution routes 3rd GA 15th November 2017 Wilfred Appelman Ruth Pérez Sébastien Guéry Koen Cochez Guus Meis
  2. 2. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Introduction FERTINNOWA´s aim: to enhance and exchange the State of the Art of Fertigation in the different European regions. - attention given to the role that policy and legal regulations play in aspects regarding sustainability and future of improved agricultural systems designed to optimize the use and water and nutrients for plants, as well as the concomitant environmental costs. - Goals of today to exchange thoughts and idea’s of specialists from different locations and fields of expertise on questions like how to implement the Polluter Pays Principle or to what extent legislation supports the implementation of innovative technologies.
  3. 3. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Questions - To what point are existing regulations efficient? can be applied/should be developed to handle/stop environmental damage due to fertilizer´s use in agriculture (could fertigation give us a better picture?). - What about chemigation --- particularly harmful effects? - How do regulations deal with unsustainability/sustainability of actual agricultural model? - In the case of polluted aquifers, soils, surface water…Should a cost- recovery framework be established? Has it ever been implemented somewhere? - Cases. How? Polluter pays principle? - What (how) should be the role of FERTINNOWA as driving force for change. - How should FERTINNOWA integrate/develop a legal/political discourse?
  4. 4. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Programme Part I: Setting the scene 1. Introduction and the EU framework on agriculture, water and nutrients (Wilfred Appelman, TNO, The Netherlands) 2. Sustainability and legislation of fertilizers´use in european agriculture (Ruth Pérez, Fundación Nueva Cultura del Agua, Spain) 3. Sustainable water management in intensive agriculture and environment (Sébastien Guéry, Ferdoñana, Spain) 4. Emission reduction of Nutrients and Crop Protecting Agents (Guus Meis, LTO Glaskracht, The Netherlands) 5. Role of the Flemish Land Agency implement innovative techniques in growing media (Koen Cochez, Vlaamse Landmaatschappij (VLM), Belgium) Part 2: Round Table Hour (Moderator Raf de Vis). Discussion on bottlenecks and suggestions
  5. 5. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Why regulations? Water use and pollution caused by agricultural activities is one of the most important environmental issues in Europe. Agriculture accounts for the largest share of land use in Europe (ca 50 % of overall land area). The sector is therefore an important source of environmental pressures. Agriculture in Europe accounts ‘for around 33 % of total water use’ and is the ‘largest source of nutrient pollution in water’.
  6. 6. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 What aspects are covered? Discharge (group 10, 11) Water Nutrients (group 2, 5, 7, 9) Drain: recycle? Treatment? (group 2, 5) Valorisation ? Crop protection and drain/ residues? (group 11) Disinfection? (group 5) Nutrient Management, Monitoring? (group 9) Water supply and storage (group 1, 2, 3, 4) Irrigation? (group 6, 7, 8) General (all groups) • Legislation? • Social Economics? • Spatial (distance)
  7. 7. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 One EU Framework, also a level playing field? • Water Framework Directive (WFD) • Sustainable use of pesticides • EU Strategy to 2020: Water Blueprint and water reuse • Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
  8. 8. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687
  9. 9. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 FERTINNOWA in EUCoverage of regulations MS Belgium (Flanders) France Germany Italy Poland Slovenia Spain The Netherlands United Kingdom What do we have currently? - The EU policy(s) on water, nutrients and crop protecting products - The national regulatory frameworks of most of the relevant FERTINNOWA MS Spain Navarra Valancia Andalusia Extremadura
  10. 10. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 T3.3: Inventory of Regulation Observations - EU EU regulatory Framework on Agro in relation to Water and Nutrients: - Adresses both concern for food security and environment and water scarcity (Nitrate Vulnerable Zones – compulsory measures) - Is high level, CAP (since 1961) vs WFD (since 2000) (and underlying directives Nitrate, CPP’s)  CAP: subsidy on ground water extraction (Spain?)  WFD: taxes possible on water use (not implemented yet) - IN 2012 EU launched the Water Blue print to close gaps in policy and regulations - Currently: new regulation in preparation on Circulair Economy, also including preparing minimum requirement for reuse of water in horticulture?, to be introduced in 2017? - BREF coming ??

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