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CERSAA presents the outcomes of FERTINNOWA's benchmark study

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FERTINNOWA carried out a survey in Europe related to irrigation and fertigation management in horticultural crops

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CERSAA presents the outcomes of FERTINNOWA's benchmark study

  1. 1. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Results from the Fertinnowa questionnaire Risultati dei questionari del progetto Fertinnowa Collective consultation WP2 – 08/09/2017 Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  2. 2. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 A consultation at the european scale 371 growers for 531 cropping systems 3 main regions : North, West/ Mediterranean/ Centre, East 0 50 100 150 200 Poland Slovenia France Italy Portugal South Africa Spain Belgium France Netherlands United Kingdom Central- EastMediterraneanNorth-West Type of system per country soil-grown covered soil-grown outdoor soilless covered soilless outdoor 20% 9% 3% 15% 9% 17% 9% 9% 9% Tomato Pepper Eggplant Strawberry Melon Cucumber/zucchini Po ed ornamental Po ed herbs Salads Italy Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  3. 3. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Which water resources available? Which quality of irrigation water? Tipo e qualità di risorse idriche disponibili Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  4. 4. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 %d’exploitationsenquêtées Rainwater Groundwater Water from community Surface water Mains (tap) water Recycled waste water (drainage) Other( desalinated/ disinfected urban watse water ..) #REF! Origin of the water used Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  5. 5. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Number of water sources available per farm 1 source 61% 2 sources 33% 3 sources 5% 4 sources or more 1% Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  6. 6. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Belgium, n=43 Netherlands, n=42 United Kingdom, n=17 France North, n=16 France South, n=26 Spain, n=94 Italy, n=33 South Africa, n=8 Poland, n=73 Slovenia, n=19 North-West Mediterranean Central-East Quantity problems Quality problems (mineral composition) Sanitary problems Chemical pollution problems Problems linked to water source Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  7. 7. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Mineral composition problems on supply water 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Rainwater Groundwater Communitywater RecycledDrainwater Other water ( desalinated waterd, disinfected urban watsewater, surface water) Constantly Sometimes Exceptionally Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  8. 8. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Solutions considered by growers for sanitary problems 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Rainwater Groundwater Desalinatedwater DisinfectedUrban… RecycledDrainwater SurfaceWater Tapwater Communitywater Other Changewatersource Mixwatersource Nothing Filtration Watertreatment Other Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  9. 9. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Measure of the growers’ satisfaction 0 20 40 60 80 100 Rainwater, n=121 Groundwater, n=222 Communitywater, n=88 RecycledDrainwat er, n=40 Other water, n=74 Percentage of growers facing water quality problems Constantly Sometimes Exceptionally Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  10. 10. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Which methodes are used for optimising irrigation and fertigation? Quali metodi per ottimizzare irrigazione e fertirrigazione? Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  11. 11. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Irrigation management Systems/equipment used by the growers Crop appearance Substrate/ soil appearance Fixed Schedule adjusted Fixed schedule Weather station Solarimeter Temperature Computerised water balance methods Manual water balance sheet Modeling device Decision Support System Tensiometer Capacitance probe Watermark Neutron probe TDR probe Substrate water content Substrate weighing Leaf/Stem water potential Dendrometer Canopy coverage Lysimeter Demand tray system EC sensor in discharge water Drainage volume measurement Measure of volume of water delivered to irrigation area Measure of volume delivered at emitter Italy % NO TOOLS Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  12. 12. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Irrigation management Systems/equipment used by the growers Total Europe % Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  13. 13. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Fertilisation management Tools used to manage fertigation inputs Total Europe % Analysis nutrient solution Soil analysis Leaf/sap analysis Other analysis Analysis drain/drainage water Italy % Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  14. 14. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Fertilisation management Fertilisation units 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Poland Slovenia France Italy South Africa Spain Belgium France Netherlands United Kingdom Central-East Mediterranean North-West >5 5 4 3 2 1 0 Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  15. 15. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Fertilisation management Fertigation system used 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Poland Slovenia France Italy South Africa Spain Belgium France Netherlands United Kingdom Central-East Mediterranean North-West Other Simple fertilizer tank A and B tank system Multiple tanks of concentrated nutrient solution Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  16. 16. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Fertilization management Technical advices and good practices Calculation for fertigation management 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Poland Slovenia France Italy South Africa Spain Belgium France Netherlands United Kingdom Central-East Mediterranean North-West other no answer grower and advisor grower advisor Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  17. 17. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Fertilization management Technical advice and good practices Registration of the amount of fertilizer given to the crop 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Poland Slovenia France Italy South Africa Spain Belgium France Netherlands United Kingdom Central-East Mediterranean North-West yes no answer no Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  18. 18. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Bottlenecks and motivation to the innovation Freni all’innovazione Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  19. 19. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Water ressource durability 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Evolution of water availability 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Evolution of water quality 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Willing to use more sustainable water Yes No Deterioration ImprovementNo evolution Which reasons behind this findings ? Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  20. 20. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Durability: which bottlenecks, which incitations? • Bottlenecks 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Already the most sustainable No reason to change - no problem No alternative available No financial capacity Technical limitations No trust in more sustainable water sources Lack of space to store rainwater Doesn't know how to do better Too difficult climatic conditions to harvest rainwater Regulatory bottleneck Other ( stop the activity,...) No answer Giving reasons for not shifting towards a more sustainable water source? Belgium, n=43 Netherlands, n=42 United Kingdom, n=17 France, n=42 Spain, n=94 Italy, n=33 South Africa, n=8 Poland, n=73 Slovenia, n=19 Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  21. 21. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Durability: which bottlenecks, which incitations? • Incitations 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Poorwaterquality Watershortage Publicfunding Costefficiency Affordablecost Watercost Efficiencyproofs Easyavailability Technicalsupport Feasabilitystudy Legislationfacilitation Legalobligation Farmexpansion/change Nothing Doesn'tknow Other Water problems Economic reasons Technical reasons Legislation Other Belgium, n=43 Netherlands, n=42 United Kingdom, n=17 France, n=42 Spain, n=94 Italy, n=33 South Africa, n=8 Poland, n=73 Slovenia, n=19 Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  22. 22. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Incitations to a better management of fertigation 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Reducing labour costs (e.g. operation of manual valves) Security of water supply Addressing current or future restricted water availability Licencing / legislative changes and need to demonstrate efficiency use Meeting customer requirement to demonstrate sustainable production Improving security of the production Reducing crop and siol damages Improving financial returns reduce production costs Increasing marketable yields Improving crop quality Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  23. 23. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Expected tools to improve fertigation management 0 10 20 30 40 50 Other: increase knowledge on mineralisation of organic fertilizer Workshops to better understand water source issues in your region and… Workshops on how to improve your own water availability Other : Technical advice Workshops involving suppliers of fertigation equipment and nutrient… Appropriate documents explaining the Best Practices and advantages… Nutrient management Decision Support System printable tables Documents about technologies -comparisons of systems Updated nutriment recommendation guides Direct face to face access to fertigation specialists and leading researchers Learning from the experiences of other irrigators/fertigators Nutrient management Decision Support System for portable devices… Visiting sites which demonstrate fertigation best practice Financial support / subsidies to apply BMP or to implement technology Affordable real time nutrient diagnostic tools Affordable remotely accessed automatic sensor-activated system for… Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  24. 24. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 Water management: which expectations from the authorities? 0 15 30 45 60 75 90 NOTHING NOANSWER CONTROLS STAKEHOLDERSCONSULTATIONS LESSPOLITICALINTERFERENCE RAISEAWARNESSONWATER MANAGEMENT TECHNICALSUPPORT EXPERIMENTATION SETUP/MAINTAINWATER INFRASTRUCTURES INCREASEWATERQUALITY LOWER/STABLEPRICEFORWATER NOADDITIONALRULES/FEES INCENTIVES/SUBSIDIES POSITIVEINCITATIONS CLEARGUIDELINES ADMINISTRATIVESIMPLIFICATION FACILITATION/FLEXIBILITYWITH REGULATIONS OTHER TECHNIQUE MANAGEMENT ECONOMIC ADMINISTRATION Belgium, n=43 Netherlands, n=42 United Kingdom, n=17 France, n=42 Spain, n=94 Italy, n=33 South Africa, n=8 Poland, n=73 Slovenia, n=19 Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  25. 25. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 • Results not exhaustive, they anyway take a picture of European state-of-art regarding irrigation and fertigation techniques and famers’ habits; • Strong effect of the geographical context – many local issues; • Management tools poorly developed  Lack of knowledge on the existing tools  Kind of resistance towards innovation («I am ok with the things I have»)  More economical than technical bottlenecks • Large room for improvements Conclusions Summer School «Gli agrumi tra ornamento e produzione»
  26. 26. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689687 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Please visit Fertinnowa website: fertinnowa.com and the technology database: http://www.fertinnowa.com/technology- database/

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