The first americans


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This PowerPoint is an overview of the first people to settle and explore North America.

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The first americans

  1. 1. Unit 1 America’s Beginnings <ul><li>The First Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Life </li></ul><ul><li>Heading towards Revolution </li></ul>
  2. 2. Who were the first Americans? <ul><li>First immigrants Arrive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Migration - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration - </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where did they come from? </li></ul><ul><li>How did they get here? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Beringia Land Bridge
  4. 4. Who were the first Americans? <ul><li>Why did they come? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In search of food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animal Herds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gathering fruits and nuts </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Indians spread across N. America <ul><li>Live according to the areas they settled: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used what the land provided </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customs based on their environments </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Areas of Indian Settlement <ul><li>Northwest Indians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fishing </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Areas of Indian Settlement <ul><li>Plains Indians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Followed Buffalo Herds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used buffalo for food, shelter, clothing, tools… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Areas of Indian Settlement <ul><li>Eastern Woodlands Indians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hunted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gathered berries and nuts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farms </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Areas of Indian Settlement <ul><li>Southeastern Indians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade with other tribes </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Europeans Arrive in a New World <ul><li>Why did they come? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renaissance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Ideas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better Technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better Ships (caravel) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetic Compass </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Europeans Arrive to a New World <ul><li>Motivations for Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Needed for meat preservation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hide meats spoiled taste </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peppercorns motivate Age of Exploration </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perfumes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Nation States developing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Portugual, Spain, France, England </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Europeans Arrive to a New World <ul><li>Motivations Cont… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Missionaries - </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Spirit of Adventure” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Accomplishment </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. First European Explorers <ul><li>Christopher Columbus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why did he sail? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where did he land? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. First European Explorers <ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking for Northwest Passage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jacques Cartier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where did he explore? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quebec </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Europeans Arrive in N. America <ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Cabot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Map of Virginia Colonies
  17. 17. Britain’s Early Colonies <ul><li>Roanoke </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unknown what happened </li></ul></ul><ul><li>King James gives charters to two Virginia companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charter - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint stock Companies- </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Early British Colonies <ul><li>Jamestown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early troubles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Starvation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disease </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco saves the colony </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. More settlers arrive to Virginia Colonies <ul><li>Headright System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What did it do? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indentured Servants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Massachusetts Colony <ul><li>Puritans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protestants who follow teachings of John Calvin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to Reform Anglican Church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some formed their own church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Called Separatists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Had to flee England </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Massachusetts Colony <ul><li>Sail of the Mayflower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilgrims - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where did they want to land…did they land there? </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Other Settlements in North American <ul><li>New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Settled by Puritans </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Other Settlements <ul><li>New York and New Jersey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Settled by Dutch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taken over by British in 1664 </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Other Settlements <ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded by Sir George Calvert by permission of Charles I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lord Baltimore organized expedition and brought settlers </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Other Settlements <ul><li>Carolinas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means “Land of Charles” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gift to William Penn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quakers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Believed in brotherly love </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dressed plainly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>pacifists </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Other Settlements <ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled by PA governors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Georgia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last colony to be founded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Named after George II </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. REVIEW <ul><li>How did the first Americans arrive to North America? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the Indians come into North America? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the major Indian groups in N. America? </li></ul>
  28. 28. REVIEW QUESTIONS <ul><li>What two inventions allowed Europeans to sail across the Atlantic Ocean? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was there a great need for spices in Europe? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did new nation-states need lots of gold to rule? </li></ul>
  29. 29. REVIEW QUESTIONS <ul><li>What was Columbus looking for when he sailed? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the first French settlement in N. America? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a joint-stock company? </li></ul>
  30. 30. Review Questions <ul><li>What saved the Jamestown colony? </li></ul><ul><li>What two systems allowed more settlers to arrive into the new world? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the Puritans leave England? </li></ul>
  31. 31. REVIEW <ul><li>What two colonies were first settled by the Dutch? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some Quaker beliefs? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the last colony to be founded? </li></ul>
  32. 32. Assignment <ul><li>Read pages 38-40—Chapter 2 Section 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete the outline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Read pages 45-47—Chapter 2 Section 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete the outline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Due tomorrow… </li></ul>