Sofía Modern Age


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Sofía Modern Age

  1. 1. Middle Age (1492-1789)
  2. 2. The Middle Age is a period of history that beging in 1492 with descovery of America and ends in 1789 with the French Revolution
  3. 3. Top FacTs• Discovery of America• Birth of the Renaissance• Birth of the Baroque• Birht of the Enlightenment• Golden age• War of• French Revolution
  4. 4. Di scover y of Am i ca er• The discovery of America expression is commonly used to refer to the arrival in America of a Spanish expeditionary force that, representing the Catholic Monarchs, departed from the port of Palos, commanded by Christopher Columbus, and arrived on Friday October 12, 1492 to an island called Guanahani. Voyages of the Portuguese to India following the African coast meant a stimulus for other European navigators who believed it was possible to reach the regions of East Asia by sailing west. Christopher Columbus was in favor of this hypothesis. Supported by the Spanish monarchy, organized a journey of exploration that led to the American coast in 1492. Columbus believed he had reached Asia, called by Europeans Indies and died without knowing that it had reached an unknown continent by Europeans.•  When Christopher Columbus arrived in Asia.
  5. 5. Birth of the RenaissanceIn XV and XVI centuries , the Renaissance.- Classical artistic models : Greek and Roman.Renaissance is the name given to a broad cultural movement that occurredin Western Europe in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Its main exponents are in the field of the arts, but also there was a renewal in the sciences, both natural and human. Italy was the birthplace of the movement and development.The Renaissance was the result of the dissemination of ideas of humanism, whichled to a new conception of man and the world. The name "renaissance" was used because this movement resumed certain elements of classical culture. The term was originally applied as a return to the values ​of Greco-Roman culture and contemplation of nature free after centuries of dominance of a mindset more rigid and dogmatic set in the Europe of the Middle Ages. This new stage raised a newway of seeing the world and the human being, with new approaches in the fields of arts, politics and science, replacing the medieval theocentrism certainly anthropocentrism.
  6. 6. Birth of the BaroqueIn XVII century , the Baroque style. - Painting and sculpture very realistic and architecture overdone.In XVII century , the Baroque style.- Painting and sculpture very realistic and architecture overdone. The Baroque is a period of artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance and music. The style began around 1600 in Rome, Italy and spread to most of Europe.The popularity and success of the Baroque style was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church, which had decided at the time of the Council of Trent, in response to the Protestant Reformation, that the arts should communicate religious themes in direct and emotional involvement. The aristocracy also saw the dramatic style of Baroque architecture and art as a means of impressing visitors and expressing triumphant power and control. Baroque palaces are built around an entrance of courts, grand staircases and reception rooms of sequentially increasing opulence.
  7. 7. Birht of the EnlightenmentThe Enlightenment was a historical period and a European intellectual and culturalmovement, especially in France and England, which ran from the late seventeenthcentury to the beginning of the French Revolution, although in some countriescontinued during the early years of the nineteenth century. It was named for its statedaim to dispel the darkness of humanity by the light of reason. The eighteenth centuryis known, for this reason, as the Enlightenment.The Enlightenment thinkers argued that human reason could combat ignorance,superstition and tyranny, and build a better world. The Enlightenment had a greatinfluence in economic, political and social era. The aesthetic expression of theintellectual movement called Neoclasicismo.
  8. 8. Golden ageThe historically so lucky Golden definition was created by the famous eighteenth-century scholar and antiquarian Jose Luis Velazquez Valdeflores Marquis (1722-1772), who used it for the first time in 1754, in his important and pioneering work of poetry criticism Origins Castilian, 1 but to refer exclusively to the sixteenth century. Later the definition was expanded, understanding all the classical age or height of the Spanish culture, essentially the XVI century Renaissance and Baroque For XVII.2 century historiography and modern theorists, then, and sticking to specific dates of events key, the "Golden Age" includes the publication of Spanish grammar de Nebrija in 1492 until the death of Calderon in 1681.
  9. 9. War of SuccessionThe War of Spanish Succession was an international conflict that lasted from 1701 until the signing of the CAUSES Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, which had the primary - The Austrian opposition to the will of cause of death, without issue, of Charles II of Spain, Charles II. the last speaker of the House of Habsburg, and left main consequence of the establishment of the House - The Sun Kings misguided policy by stating, of Bourbon on the throne of Spain. Inside Spain Succession War evolved into a civil war between in December 1700, the new Spanish Bourbon and austriacistas, whose last embers were monarch, his grandson could not give up their not extinguished until 1714 with the capitulation of rights to the French crown, which opened the 1715 with Barcelona and Mallorcas capitulation to the possibility of meeting both thrones in one forces of King Philip V of new Spain. sovereign, breaking and European equilibrium theory. - The opening of Frances trade with the Indies, which caused suspicion in England and Holland. - The decision by France of the squares of the "Barrier Belgian", which posed a danger to the Netherlands.
  10. 10. French RevolutionThe French Revolution was a social and political conflict, with different periods of violence that convulsed France and, by extension of its implications, other European nations who battled supporters and opponents of the system known as the Old Regime. It began with the self-proclamation of the Third Estate as National Assembly in 1789 and ended with the coup of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1799. While the political organization of France ranged republic, constitutional monarchy and empire for 71 years after the First Republic fell after the coup of Napoleon Bonaparte, the truth is that the revolution marked the definitive end of Absolutism and bore to a new regime where the bourgeoisie, and sometimes the masses, became the dominant political force in the country. The revolution undermined the foundations of the monarchy as such, beyond its death, to the extent that ousted him with a speech again able illegitimate.