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# Testador paramétrico de transistores - Implementing a Parametric Transitor tester

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Detalhes de implementação de um sistema de teste de transitores om controlo de temperatura.
Peltier control and transistor testing

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### Testador paramétrico de transistores - Implementing a Parametric Transitor tester

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83. 83. = %**"1 ! = # L = e ( L = !"1\$! M =6 M ", L 9 1888 & ' 9 920 NO\$ J # & / D NO\$ J O\$\$ &% \$B -1% - 1! * 1& %, "* "'(*%1\$# -&"!"-1 !% 1%- C 1& \$!- / & ! % *; \$B ; 1 ' C ! "-& C 1& '"% "'(*%1\$# -&"!"-1 !% 1%- C 1& %, "*/ &\$ 2 ) *1", " # ) *1", "! B 1& (*"- # \$ # ! 1& 6 M ", \$B ; 1 '/ # )%- F&%-& %'(* ' 1 # B 1& %'\$*1" \$ *; F \$*# %'(* ' 1 1& ' " 1F ("!"1 \$!- 2 " # / E,FG8 3 3",<, !8 " 8"",><& = L 1 W=M 6 *X W= #%"1 X W= M%1\$# X i \$' !%-)"*\$ j = L iV * " jk L 0 = 1 i \$' !%-)"*\$ j =E 4E i \$' !%-)"*\$ j =M e i \$' !%-)"*\$ j = 4, ! # W= M%1\$# X i \$' !%-)"*\$ j = 1 i \$' !%-)"*\$ j =E 4E i \$' !%-)"*\$ j =M e i \$' !%-)"*\$ j L 77 =M %1 W= M%1\$# X i \$' !%-)"*\$ j = 1 i \$' !%-)"*\$ j =E 4E i \$' !%-)"*\$ j =M e i \$' !%-)"*\$ j = iV * " j = \$"* i \$' !%-)"*\$ j = 0 #k e (kM = -1% W=M 6 *X i \$' !%-)"*\$ j = = ( #d W7\$ !; *;X "7 1888 & ' 9 NO\$ J O\$\$ 92 8 9! !0 56 NO\$ J O\$\$ JBI& &% \$B ; 1 ' % \$ # 1 - 1! * 1& %, "* "'(*%1\$# F& 1& \$!- % ( !"1% , % " - 1% \$ \$ ! 0 # / H@'"" I NO\$ J O\$\$ JBI& J#33 #%-"1 1&"1 1& \$B 7\$ 1 ( -%C%-"1% C " F %, "* "'(*%1\$# % 1 B (! - # B; 1& # )%- F%1& \$1 F"%1% , C ! C\$!1& ! - ''" # / "7 1888 & ' 9 NO\$ J O\$\$ 92 9 <," & / D :&&* NO\$ J I3 &% \$B ; 1 ' - 1! * 1& 1 '( !"1\$! C " )%! ' 1"* -&"'B !/
84. 84. E,FG8 3 3",<, !8 " 8"",><& = !"1\$! 1888 & ' 9 92 NO\$ J I3 ?8(< & / D NO\$ J&NB P &% \$B -1% - 1! * 1& %, "* "'(*%1\$# -&"!"-1 !% 1%- C 1& \$!- / & ! % *; \$B ; 1 ' C ! "-& C 1& '"% "'(*%1\$# -&"!"-1 !% 1%- C 1& %, "*/ &\$ 2 ) *1", " # ) *1", "! B 1& (*"- # \$ # ! 1& 6 M ", \$B ; 1 '/ # )%- F&%-& %'(* ' 1 # B 1& %'\$*1" \$ *; F \$*# %'(* ' 1 1& ' " 1F ("!"1 \$!- 2 " # / E,FG8 3 3",<, !8 " 8"",><& =6 M ", = -1% W=M 6 *X i \$' !%-)"*\$ j "7 1888 & ' 9 NO\$ J&NB P 929 % @, & / D Q JI\$\$ &% \$B ; 1 ' - ** -1 - ''" # " # 7\$ !% ! *"1% , 1 1& ! "#% , " # - 1! * C 1& !! !K ) 1 7\$ \$ / & !! !K ) 1 7\$ \$ - 1"% %1 ' 1&"1 % -*\$# " \$' !%-"* " # 1 1\$"* # -!%(1% C 1& !! ! ! ) 1/ .\$ !;% , C ! 1& C\$** 7\$ \$ %1 ' ?C ! "'(* 2 F%1& [ '= !W= 0 Xd> F%** ! 1\$! " ! ( F%1& 1& C ** F% , ; 1" = & i !! !K ) 1 \$'B !j % " \$ %7\$ % 1 , ! % 1& !" , W 2 X/ ** ( %1%) \$'B ! "! % 1!\$' 1 # ( # 1/ ** ,"1%) \$'B ! "! ! !) # B; 1& 1" #"!# F%1& - !1"% 1" #"!# !! !K ) 1 - # # -!%B # % 1&% # -\$' 1/ & )"*\$ 2 @ ! 2 % "* ! !) # 1 % #%-"1 1&"1 !! ! ! ) 1 &" --\$!! #/ & - # ("!"' 1 ! C 1& C\$** ! ( % " 7\$ 1 # 1!% , - 1"% % , " i !! !K ) 1# -!%(1% j C ** F # B; (1% "* i )%- # ( # 1 % C j 1 1/ "-& i !! !K ) 1 \$'B !j &" " \$ %7\$ " # C% # i !! !K ) 1# -!%(1% j " -%"1 # F%1& %1/ & '" %'\$' 1!% , * ,1& C i !! !K ) 1# -!%(1% j (*\$ i )%- # ( # 1% C j % -&"!"-1 ! / ! 1" #"!# # C% # !! !K ) 1 - # 2 1& i !! !K ) 1# -!%(1% j &"** B 1 "-1*; " % #%-"1 # % 1&% # -\$' 1 % -*\$#% , -" / & i )%- # ( # 1% C j 1 1 % (1% "* B\$1 '"; B \$ C\$* % ' % 1!\$' 1 1 (! )%# "##%1% "* % C !'"1% "** F% , 1& \$ ! 1 # 1 !'% 1& "-1 !! ! ! ) 1 " # %1 - 1 1/ C \$ #2 %1 % 1 CC C! ' 1& i !! !K ) 1# -!%(1% j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f.\$ \$ ) !C* Fg ' ", / "#% , " !! !K ) 1 C! ' 1& & "# C 1& 7\$ \$ ! ' ) 1&"1 !! !K ) 1 C! ' 1& 7\$ \$ 2 " # ( " ( %1% "1 1& 1"%* C 1& 7\$ \$ C ! " F !! !K ) 12 %C % \$B 7\$ 1*; # 1 -1 #/ > " e& "** !! ! K ) 1 &") B ! "# C! ' 1& 7\$ \$ 2 C\$!1& ! !! !K ) 1 7\$ !% &"** ! 1\$! ( % &&%&)
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86. 86. !! ! &" B # 1 -1 # B; 1& % 1!\$' 1l ("! !/ & --\$!! - C " ; !! ! % 1&% -*" &"** -"\$ 1& - ''" # !! ! B%1 ?B%1 > % 1& ) 1 1"1\$ ! ,% 1 ! ? &566-72 -1% / / > 1 B 1/ C 1& C ** F% , ) 1 &" --\$!! #= &566-7& ; 1" !! ! &" B # 1 -1 # B; 1& ("! !/ &"1 % 2 " - 1! ** ! 1 # )%- ' ", F" ! - %) # F&%-& % % )% *"1% C 1& &566-7& 1" #"!#/ %B* )% *"1% % -*\$# " #"1" * ' 1 F&%-& )% *"1 1& # )%- *% 1 % , C !'"1 ! F& 1;( % \$ "-- (1"B* 1 1& # )%- / \$ ! - , %@ # & "# ! F" ! - %) #/ L ! - , %@ # & "# ! % -*\$# % - !! -1 # )%- ( -%C%- & "# ! " # % - !! -1 ! \$ %'(* ' 1 # &566-7&- '' - ''" # / 1,/ 1888 & ' 9 Q JI\$\$ 5 @ " 2 H>,:<IL Q JI\$\$ CJ*IM D [ '= !W= 0 Xd 7\$ !% 1& !! !K ) 1 7\$ \$ C ! 1& 1 %1 ' " # ! ' ) %1 C! ' 1& 7\$ \$ / & ! ( ! 1\$! 1& C\$** 7\$ \$ %1 ' - % 1% , C " % 1 , ! " # " 1!% , " # -!%B # % 1& % 1! #\$-1% 1 1& [ '= ! \$B ; 1 '/ &% - ''" # % ! 7\$%! # C "** %'(* ' 1"1% ? ; 1" " # 1;* 2 / / / , i !! !K ) 1 \$'B !j % 1& !" , W 2 X % #%-"1 1&"1 " &566-7& ; 1" !! ! &" B # 1 -1 # B; 1& % 1!\$' 1l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i j C !'"11 # \$' !%- )"*\$ - !! ( #% , 1 1& ) ! % \$'B ! C ! F&%-& 1& % 1!\$' 1 - '(*% / & ! ( &"** &") 1& C !' 4444- &F& ! 1& [ ! (! 1 1& ; "! ) ! % ?%/ / > " # 1& 6 ! (! 1 " "((! ) # ! )% % \$'B ! C ! 1&"1 ; "!/ C "((! ) # ! )% % "! -*"%' #2 1& 1&% 1 % &"** B / ,1 2 / : 0 8
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