12 MYTHSWhen a person becomes a myth… IES ‘MARIA ZAMBRANO’ Bilingual School MUSIC MOVIES CELEBRITIES…
ELVIS PRESLEY 1 WHY IS ELVIS PRESLEY A MYTH? WHY DID HE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DID HE DO TO BE ADORED BY HIS FANS? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HIS LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? ELVIS PRESLEY’S PROFILE: Elvis Aaron Presley was born to Vernon and Gladys Presley in a two-room house in Tupelo, Mississippi, on January 8, 1935. His twin brother, Jessie Garon, was stillborn, leaving Elvis to grow up as an only child. He and his parents moved to Memphis, Tennessee, in 1948, and Elvis graduated from Humes High School there in 1953. Elvis’ musical influences were the pop and country music of the time, the gospel music he heard in church and at the all- night gospel sings he frequently attended, and the black R&B he absorbed on historic Beale Street as a Memphis teenager.In 1954, Elvis began his singing career with the legendary Sun Records label in Memphis. In late 1955, his recording contract was sold to RCA Victor. By 1956,he was an international sensation. With a sound and style that uniquely combined his diverse musical influences and blurred and challenged the social andracial barriers of the time, he ushered in a whole new era of American music and popular culture.He starred in 33 successful films, made history with his television appearances and specials, and knew great acclaim through his many, often record-breaking, live concert performances on tour and in Las Vegas. Globally, he has sold over one billion records, more than any other artist. His American saleshave earned him gold, platinum or multi-platinum awards. Among his many awards and accolades were 14 Grammy nominations (3 wins) from the NationalAcademy of Recording Arts & Sciences, the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award which he received at age 36, and his being named One of the TenOutstanding Young Men of the Nation for 1970 by the United States Jaycees. Without any of the special privileges, his celebrity status might have affordedhim, he honorably served his country in the U.S. Army.His talent, good looks, sensuality, charisma, and good humor endeared him to millions, as did the humility and human kindness he demonstratedthroughout his life. Known the world over by his first name, he is regarded as one of the most important figures of twentieth century popular culture. Elvisdied at his Memphis home, Graceland, on August 16, 1977.
CLEOPATRA 2 WHY IS CLEOPATRA A MYTH? WHY DID SHE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DID SHE DO TO BE ADMIRED EVERYWHERE? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HER LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? CLEOPATRA’S PROFILE: As queen of ancient Egypt, Cleopatra is one of the famous female rulers in history. Her family had ruled Egypt for more than 100 years before she was born around 69 BC. The stories and myths surrounding Cleopatras tragic life inspired a number of books, movies, and plays, including Antony and Cleopatra by Shakespeare. Cleopatra has become one of the most well-known ancient Egyptians. (born 70/69 —died August of 30 , Alexandria) Egyptian queen, famous in history and drama as the lover of Julius Caesar and later the wife of Marc Antony. She became queen on the death of her father, Ptolemy XII, in 51 and ruled successively with her two brothers Ptolemy XIII (51–47) and Ptolemy XIV (47–44) and her son Ptolemy XV Caesar (44–30). After the Roman armies of Octavian (the future emperor Augustus) defeated their combined forces, Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide, and Egypt fell under Roman domination. Cleopatra actively influenced Roman politics at a crucial period, and she came to represent, as did no other woman of antiquity, the prototype of the romantic femme fatale.Cleopatra realized that she needed Roman support, or, more specifically, Caesars support, if shewas to regain her throne. Each was determined to use the other. Caesar sought money forrepayment of the debts incurred by Cleopatras father, Auletes, as he struggled to retain his throne.Cleopatra was determined to keep her throne and, if possible, to restore the glories of the firstPtolemies and recover as much as possible of their dominions, which had included southern Syriaand Palestine. Caesar and Cleopatra became lovers and spent the winter besieged in Alexandria.
JAMES DEAN A MOVIE ICON WHY IS JAMES DEAN A MYTH? 3 WHY DID HE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DID HE DO TO BE ADORED BY HIS FANS? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HIS LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? JEAMES DEAN’S PROFILE:James Byron Dean (February 8, 1931 – September 30, 1955) was an American film actor. He is acultural icon, best embodied in the title of his most celebrated film, Rebel Without a Cause (1955), inwhich he starred as troubled Los Angeles teenager Jim Stark. The other two roles that defined hisstardom were as loner Cal Trask in East of Eden (1955), and as the surly ranch hand, Jett Rink, inGiant (1956). Deans enduring fame and popularity rests on his performances in only these threefilms, all leading roles. His premature death in a car crash cemented his legendary status.Dean was the first actor to receive a posthumous Academy Award nomination for Best Actor andremains the only actor to have had two posthumous acting nominations. In 1999, theAmerican Film Institute ranked Dean the 18th best male movie star on theirAFIs 100 Years...100 Stars list.
JEANNE D’ARC JOAN of ARC 4 WHY IS JEANNE D’ARC A MYTH? WHY DID SHE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DID SHE DO TO BE ADMIRED IN FRANCE? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HER LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? JEANNE D’ARC’S PROFILE:Joan of Arc, nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans“ (1412 in Domremy, France– 30 May 1431),is a national heroine of France and a Roman Catholic saint. A peasant girl born in what isnow eastern France, who claimed divine guidance, she led the French army to severalimportant victories during the Hundred Years War, which paved the way for thecoronation of Charles VII. She was captured by the Burgundians, transferred to the Englishin exchange for money, put on trial by the pro-English Bishop of Beauvais for charges of"insubordination and heterodoxy,” and burned at the stake as a heretic when she was 19years old. Legend says that she was born to auspicious signs held to be a forecast of national triumph. However, what is more certain is that her family were poor and her region had suffered from the long conflict between England and France.
EL CID CAMPEADOR 5 WHY IS ‘EL CID’ A MYTH? A WAR ICON WHY DID HE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DID HE DO TO BE HATED BY MUSLIMS? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HIS LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? EL CID’S PROFILE:Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (1043 – July 10, 1099), known as El Cid Campeador (Spanish "Thelord-master of military arts"), was a Castilian nobleman, military leader, and diplomat.Exiled from the court of the Spanish Emperor Alfonso VI of León and Castile, El Cid went onto command a Moorish force consisting of Muladis, Berbers, Arabs and Malians, underYusuf al-Mutaman ibn Hud, Moorish king of the northeast Al-Andalus city of Zaragoza, andhis successor, Al-Mustein II.After the Christian defeat at the Battle of Sagrajas in 1086, El Cid was recalled to service byAlfonso VI, and commanded a combined Christian and Moorish army, which he used tocreate his own fiefdom in the Moorish Mediterranean coastal city of Valencia.Rodrigo Díaz was educated in the royal court of Castile and became the alférez, the chiefgeneral, of Alfonso VI, and his most valuable asset in the fight against the Moors.
AMAZONS 6 WHY ARE AMAZONS A MYTH? WHY DID THEY BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HEIR LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? AMAZONS’S PROFILE:The Amazons are a nation of all-female warriors in Greek mythology and Classical antiquity.Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (modern territory of Ukraine).Other historiographers place them in Asia Minor, or Libya.Notable queens of the Amazons are Penthesilea, who participated in the Trojan War, and hersister Hippolyta, whose magical girdle, given to her by her father Ares, was the object of one ofthe labours of Hercules. Amazonian raiders were often depicted in battle with Greek warriors inamazonomachies in classical art.The Amazons have become associated with various historical peoples throughout theRoman Empire period and Late Antiquity. In Roman historiography, there are various accounts ofAmazon raids in Asia Minor. From the Early Modern period, their name has become a term forwoman warriors in general.
Abraham LINCOLN 7 WHY IS LINCOLN A MYTH? WHY DID HE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DID HE DO TO BE ADORED BY AMERICAN PEOPLE? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HIS LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? LINCOLN’S PROFILE:Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was the16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 untilhis assassination in April 1865. He successfully led his country through a greatconstitutional, military and moral crisis – the American Civil War – preserving the Union,while ending slavery, and promoting economic and financial modernization. Reared in apoor family on the western frontier, Lincoln was mostly self-educated. He became acountry lawyer, a Whig Party, Illinois state legislator in the 1830s, a one-term member ofthe United States House of Representatives in the 1840s, but he failed in two attempts tobe elected to the United States Senate in the 1850s. After opposing the expansion ofslavery in the United States in his campaign debates and speeches, Lincoln secured theRepublican Party nomination and was elected president in 1860.
VIRIATO 8 WHY IS VIRIATO A MYTH? WHY DID HE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DID HE DO TO BE RESPECTED BY ROMANS? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HIS LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? VIRIATO’S PROFILE: Viriathus (Viriato in Spanish) (died 138 BC) was the most important leader of the Lusitanian people that resisted Roman expansion into the regions of Western Hispania (as the Romans would call it), where the Roman province of Lusitania would beViriathus led the Lusitanians to several victories established (in the areas comprising most ofover the Romans between 147 BC and 139 BC Portugal, Extremadura and south of the Dourobefore he was betrayed to the Romans and killed."It seemed as if, in that thoroughly prosaic age, one river in Spain).of the Homeric heroes had reappeared."
POCAHONTAS 9 WHY IS POCAHONTAS A MYTH? WHY DID SHE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HER LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? WHAT DID HE DO TO BE RESPECTED BY PEOPLE? POCAHONTAS’S PROFILE:Pocahontas was born in Gloucester County, Virginia, in March 1595. Her realNative American name, given by her father, Chief Powhatan, was Matoaka. Herpet name was Pocahontas, meaning "my favorite daughter" and "frolicsome." In1607, settlers came to the Chesapeake Bay area and a man named John Smith,the military leader of Jamestown, was taken prisoner by her people some yearslater. Pocahontas was the one who saved John Smiths life, possibly having flungherself over him as he was about to be clubbed to death, but this has not beenproven true. After saving him, she urged her Native American people that he bereturned to Jamestown and her father, Chief Powhatan, honored her request.
RASPUTIN 10 WHY IS RASPUTIN A MYTH? WHY DID HE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DID HE DO TO BE ADMIRED EVERYWHERE? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HIS LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? RASPUTIN’S PROFILE:Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin (22 January 1869 – 29 December 1916) was a RussianOrthodox Christian and mystic who is perceived as having influenced the latter days of theRussian Emperor Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra, and their only son Alexei. Some peoplecalled Rasputin the "Mad Monk“, while others considered him a "strannik" (or religiouspilgrim) and even a starets ("elder", a title usually reserved for monk-confessors), believinghim to be a psychic and faith healer.It has been argued that Rasputin helped to discredit the tsarist government, leading to thefall of the Romanov dynasty in 1917. Contemporary opinions saw Rasputin variously as asaintly mystic, visionary, healer and prophet or, on the contrary, as a debauched religiouscharlatan. There has been much uncertainty over Rasputins life and influence as accountsof his life have often been based on dubious memoirs, hearsay and legend.
MARILYN MONROE WHY IS MARILYN A MYTH? 11 WHY DID SHE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DID SHE DO TO BE ADORED BY HER FANS? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HER LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? MARILYN MONROE’S PROFILE:Norma Jeane Mortensen Baker (June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962), professionally recognized as MarilynMonroe, was an American actress, model, and singer, who became a major sex symbol, starring in anumber of commercially successful motion pictures during the 1950s and early 1960s.After spending much of her childhood in foster homes, Monroe began a career as a model, which led to afilm contract in 1946 with Twentieth Century-Fox. Her early film appearances were minor, but herperformances in The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve (both 1950) drew attention to her. By 1953,Monroe had progressed to a leading role in Niagara (1953), a melodramatic film noir that dwelt on herseductiveness. Her "dumb blonde" persona was used to comic effect in subsequent films such asGentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953) and The Seven Year Itch (1955).Limited by typecasting, Monroe studied at the Actors Studio to broaden her range. She has often beencited as both a pop and a cultural icon as well as the quintessential American sex symbol.
DRAKUL DRACULA 12 WHY IS JAMES DEAN A MYTH? WHY DID HE BECOME A CELEBRITY? WHAT DID HE DO TO ATTRACT PEOPLE? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HIS LIFE? IS THERE ANY ANECDOTE YOU CAN SHARE? DRAKUL’S PROFILE:Count Dracula, a fictional character in the Dracula novel, was inspired by one of thebest-known figures of Romanian history, Vlad Dracula, nicknamed Vlad Tepes(Vlad the Impaler), who was the ruler of Walachia at various times from 1456-1462.Born in 1431 in Sighisoara, he resided all his adult life in Walachia, except forperiods of imprisonment at Pest and Visegrad (in Hungary). Some say that Transylvania sits on one of Earths strongest magnetic fields and its people have extra-sensory perception. Vampires are believed to hang around crossroads.
THE END… THERE ARE MANY MORE PEOPLE WHO BECAME MYTHS IN THE PAST… AND WHO WILL TAKE PART OF THE FUTURE.