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CIVILIZACIÓN MINOICA
Fernando Blaya
ANTES DE EMPEZAR…
• La Civilización Micénica tiene su origen en el
6000 a.C. en pleno Neolítico.
• Su actividad es mayor e...
ANTES DE EMPEZAR…
• En 1700 a.C. se reconstruyen los palacios
que habían sido destruidos por causas
que no se conocen con ...
ISLAS CÍCLADAS
CIVILIZACIÓN MINOICA
1700 a.C. – 1450 a.C.
¿REALIDAD Y/O MITO?
Gracias Sir Arthur Evans y compañía…
Grant, Michael. Atlas de Historia Clásica. Akal. Tres Cantos (Madrid). 2007.
1. TALASOCRACIA MINOICA
• “Minos fue el primero, de los que conocemos por la
tradición, en procurarse una flota y extender...
1. TALASOCRACIA MINOICA
• “Pero cuando fue creada la flota de Minos, las
comunicaciones por mar entre los pueblos
resultar...
2. LA ESCRITURA
• Disco de Festo (anterior al 1700 a.C.)
• Escritura
jeroglífico-
pictográfica.
LADO A
2. LA ESCRITURA
• Disco de Festo (anterior al 1700 a.C.)
• Escritura
jeroglífico-
pictográfica.
LADO B
2. LA ESCRITURA
• Silabario Lineal A ( 1700 a.C. – 1450
a.C.)
• Sellos, objetos rituales
y tablillas (archivos
palaciales).
2. LA ESCRITURA
• La escritura pictográfica del disco de
Festos y la escritura Lineal A no están
descifradas.
• ¿Son “grie...
3. LOS PALACIOS MINOICOS
Domíngez Monedero, Adolfo J. y Pascual González, José. Atlas histórico del
mundo griego antiguo. ...
3. LOS PALACIOS MINOICOS
• Cnosos, Festos, Malia, Zakro.
• Patio central abierto y rodeado por habitaciones,
pasillos y es...
TESEO Y EL MINOTAURO
TESEO Y EL MINOTAURO
3. LOS PALACIOS MINOICOS
• Áreas del palacio: espacios religiosos,
almacenes de productos alimenticios, talleres,
zona dom...
3. LOS PALACIOS MINOICOS
• Paredes: alabastro.
• Decoración: frescos con motivos naturales
y de la vida social.
• Gran sen...
Fresco de los delfines
Joven saltando Toro
Príncipe de
los lirios
Mujeres minoicas
Columnas (conos invertidos)
Reconstrucción palacio
4. POLÍTICA Y SOCIEDAD
• La realeza
– Minos rey-sacerdote de Cnosos que ¿ejerce
soberanía en toda la isla?
• Aristocracia
...
5. ECONOMIA
• Agricultura
– Excedente de vino y aceite.
– Utilización de mejor utillaje y semillas variadas: cereales,
leg...
5. ECONOMIA
• Artesanía
– Desarrolada, diversificada y de una gran
variedad en la decoración.
– Cerámica, vasija petrea, g...
5. ECONOMIA
• Importanciones
– Cobre, estaño, plata, oro, marfil, piedras
preciosas y papiro.
• Exportaciones
– Aceite, vi...
6. RELIGIÓN
• No existen templos
– Llanuras, montañas y grutas eran lugares
dónde se presentaban las divinidades
llamadas ...
Diosa
Madre
Elemento femenino
prioritario y relevante
Culto al
Toro
7. EL OCASO DE LA
CIVILIZACIÓN MINOICA
• 1500 a.C. Erupción volcán de la isla de
Tera→ alteró morfología isla→ dislocación...
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CIVILIZACIÓN MINOICA

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Desde los inicios hasta la decadencia de la Civilización Minoica. Caracterísitcas de la sociedad minoica.

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CIVILIZACIÓN MINOICA

  1. 1. CIVILIZACIÓN MINOICA Fernando Blaya
  2. 2. ANTES DE EMPEZAR… • La Civilización Micénica tiene su origen en el 6000 a.C. en pleno Neolítico. • Su actividad es mayor en la Edad de Bronce (3000 a.C. – 1100 a.C.) donde convive con la Civilización Cicládica (islas cícladas). • Su auge tiene como fecha la Época Neopalacial (1700 a.C. – 1450 a.C.).
  3. 3. ANTES DE EMPEZAR… • En 1700 a.C. se reconstruyen los palacios que habían sido destruidos por causas que no se conocen con claridad (¿incendios, revueltas…?). • A partir de esta reconstrucción la Civilización Minoica se hace con la supremacía comercial en el mundo del Egeo.
  4. 4. ISLAS CÍCLADAS
  5. 5. CIVILIZACIÓN MINOICA 1700 a.C. – 1450 a.C.
  6. 6. ¿REALIDAD Y/O MITO? Gracias Sir Arthur Evans y compañía…
  7. 7. Grant, Michael. Atlas de Historia Clásica. Akal. Tres Cantos (Madrid). 2007.
  8. 8. 1. TALASOCRACIA MINOICA • “Minos fue el primero, de los que conocemos por la tradición, en procurarse una flota y extender su dominio por la mayor parte de lo que hoy llamamos mar griego; sometió las islas Cícladas y fue el primer colonizador de la mayor parte de ellas, expulsando a los carios y estableciendo como gobernadores a sus propios hijos. Y, como era natural, para que le llegaran con mayor seguridad los tributos, procuró, hasta donde alcanzó su poder, limpiar el mar de piratas.” Tucídides, I, 4
  9. 9. 1. TALASOCRACIA MINOICA • “Pero cuando fue creada la flota de Minos, las comunicaciones por mar entre los pueblos resultaron más fáciles (pues expulsó a los malhechores de las islas cuando estableció colonias en la mayoría de ellas), y los que habitaban junto al mar acrecentaron su fortuna y empezaron a vivir de forma más estable, e incluso algunos, al verse más ricos de lo que eran antes, se rodearon de murallas”. Tucídides, I, 9.
  10. 10. 2. LA ESCRITURA • Disco de Festo (anterior al 1700 a.C.) • Escritura jeroglífico- pictográfica. LADO A
  11. 11. 2. LA ESCRITURA • Disco de Festo (anterior al 1700 a.C.) • Escritura jeroglífico- pictográfica. LADO B
  12. 12. 2. LA ESCRITURA • Silabario Lineal A ( 1700 a.C. – 1450 a.C.) • Sellos, objetos rituales y tablillas (archivos palaciales).
  13. 13. 2. LA ESCRITURA • La escritura pictográfica del disco de Festos y la escritura Lineal A no están descifradas. • ¿Son “griegos” los minoicos? ¿Qué lengua hablan?
  14. 14. 3. LOS PALACIOS MINOICOS Domíngez Monedero, Adolfo J. y Pascual González, José. Atlas histórico del mundo griego antiguo. Madrid 2006
  15. 15. 3. LOS PALACIOS MINOICOS • Cnosos, Festos, Malia, Zakro. • Patio central abierto y rodeado por habitaciones, pasillos y escaleras en un orden aparentemente irregular y caprichoso. → ¿laberinto del Minotauro? • Varias plantas • Sistemas para introducir agua de lluvia y distribuirla.
  16. 16. TESEO Y EL MINOTAURO
  17. 17. TESEO Y EL MINOTAURO
  18. 18. 3. LOS PALACIOS MINOICOS • Áreas del palacio: espacios religiosos, almacenes de productos alimenticios, talleres, zona doméstica, área teatral y aposentos en general. Destacan las dependencias privadas del rey y la reina, con retretes y baños, bien iluminadas al estar abiertas por medio de una terraza al gran patio central, lugar de celebraciones y representaciones.
  19. 19. 3. LOS PALACIOS MINOICOS • Paredes: alabastro. • Decoración: frescos con motivos naturales y de la vida social. • Gran sentido del movimiento.
  20. 20. Fresco de los delfines
  21. 21. Joven saltando Toro
  22. 22. Príncipe de los lirios
  23. 23. Mujeres minoicas
  24. 24. Columnas (conos invertidos)
  25. 25. Reconstrucción palacio
  26. 26. 4. POLÍTICA Y SOCIEDAD • La realeza – Minos rey-sacerdote de Cnosos que ¿ejerce soberanía en toda la isla? • Aristocracia – No guerrera, que comparte privilegios reales. Varones con largas melenas rizadas y brazaletes. • El pueblo – Se desconoce el grado de dependencia de estos grupos con respecto a la aristocracia y al rey.
  27. 27. 5. ECONOMIA • Agricultura – Excedente de vino y aceite. – Utilización de mejor utillaje y semillas variadas: cereales, legumbres y árboles frutales, el olivo y la higuera. • Ganadería – Ovejas, cabras, cerdos, bueyes y caballos (estos últimos utilizados como animales de tiro). • Pesca – Salazón o crudo. – Pesca colectiva del atún (thonara). Muchos motivos marinos decoraban sus vasijas.
  28. 28. 5. ECONOMIA • Artesanía – Desarrolada, diversificada y de una gran variedad en la decoración. – Cerámica, vasija petrea, glíptica (sellos de piedra o arcilla) y la orfebrería. • Comercio – Gran intensidad con Grecia peninsular, islas del Egeo, Asia Menor, Egipto, Siria, islas Lípari y Sicilia.
  29. 29. 5. ECONOMIA • Importanciones – Cobre, estaño, plata, oro, marfil, piedras preciosas y papiro. • Exportaciones – Aceite, vino, madera y productos manufacturados. • Pago en especies
  30. 30. 6. RELIGIÓN • No existen templos – Llanuras, montañas y grutas eran lugares dónde se presentaban las divinidades llamadas por las danzas rituales. • Rey-sacerdote • Fuerzas naturales y cultos de fertilidad – Intensa comunicación entre lo humano y lo divino.
  31. 31. Diosa Madre Elemento femenino prioritario y relevante
  32. 32. Culto al Toro
  33. 33. 7. EL OCASO DE LA CIVILIZACIÓN MINOICA • 1500 a.C. Erupción volcán de la isla de Tera→ alteró morfología isla→ dislocación económica→ desequilibrio sociedad minoica→ invasión micénica. • 1450 a.C. Ataques micénicos. • 1400 a.C. fin esplendor de Cnosos como enclave micénico.

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