Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Age and acquisition


Published on

Study Guide 1
English Teaching Practicum
Fernanda Davalos Avila

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Age and acquisition

  1. 1. AGE AND ACQUISITION Important Considerations by M. Fernanda Dávalos Avila
  2. 2. NEURO BIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS  The lateralization of the brain might influence in L2 acquisition  Left hemisphere controls the intelectual, logical and analytical functions (language functions mainly on the left )  Right hemisphere controls the emotional and social needs.  Lateralization starts at age 2 until puberty.  Walsh and Diller: different aspects of L2 learning are learned at different ages (pronunciation –childhood / semantic relations – later)  Some authors say that right hemisphere has an important participation in L2 acquisition  Authors discuss about whether or not adults can acquire an authentic L2 accent.
  3. 3. COGNITIVE CONSIDERATIONS 2.-Piaget outlined the human intelectual development: 1.-Human cognition develops rapidly through the first 16 years then slows down 3.-There is a connection between L acquisition and the concrete/formal stage transition. 4.-Adults can benefit from grammatical explanations and critical thinking, children don’t 5.-Children are not aware they are learning, adults are, (lead of left hemisphere of the brain) 6.-Piagetian notion of equilibrium: conceptual development is a process of moving from states of desequilibrium to equilibrium … 7.-Ausubel makes a distinction between rote and meaningful learning.
  4. 4. AFFECTIVE CONSIDERATIONS  Affective factors relate to the age and acquisition of a language  The affective domain includes: empathy, self-steem, extroversion, inhibition, anxiety, etc  Any affective factor can be relevant to L2 learning.  Alexander Guiora’s «Language ego» may account for the difficulties adults find in L2 learning.  In puberty language ego becomes more defensive and protective, because of physical and emotional changes.  There is a difference in learning between younger and older children, older children start showing inhibitions.  Attitudes towards language learning might affect its success.  Peer pressure, adults can tolerate criticism easier than children.
  5. 5. LINGUISTIC CONSIDERATIONS Interference: when the first language is used as an aid to communicate ideas in the second language. In adults the se of L1 can be a facilitating factor not an interfering factor. Bilingualism: children learning two languages simultaneously. Order Acquisition: Dulay and Burt claimed that children use a creative construction process to acquire L2 the same way they do L1. They found a common order of acquisition of 11 English morphemes.