Chapter 9 in Philippine Literature

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Chapter 9 in Philippine Literature

  1. 1. Period of the New Society 1972-1980 CHAPTER 9
  2. 2. Historical Background The period of the New Society started on September 21, 1972 The Carlos Palanca Awards continued to give annual awards.
  3. 3. Almost all themes in most writing dealt with the development or progress of the country-like the Green Revolution, family planning, proper nutrition, environment, drug addiction and pollution. The New society tried to stop pornography or those writing giving bad influences on the morals of the people.
  4. 4. A. FILIPINO POETRY DURING THE PERIOD OF THE NEW SOCIETY A few months after the declaration of military rule, the following slogans of the New Society were heard and ready by many:
  5. 5. 1.Saikauunlad ng bayan Disiplina ang kailangan. 2. Tayo’y kumakainng gulay Upang humaba ang buhay. 3. Mag plano ng pamilya Nang angbuhay ay lumigaya. 4.Ang pagsunod sa magulang Tanda ng anak na magalang. 5.Tayo,y magbigayan At huwag magsiksikan. (( Discipline is needed to develop the nation ) (Let’s eat vegetable to lengthen our lives ) ( Let’s plan our families so we’ll lead happy lives ) ( Let’s plant in order to survive) ( Let’s be generous and not try to outdo each other )
  6. 6. Themes of most poems dealt with patience, regard for native culture, customs, and the beauties of nature and surrounding. Those who wrote poetry during this period were: Ponciano Pineda, Anicento Silvestre, Jose Garcia Revelo, Bienvenido Ramos, Vicente Dimasalang, Cir Lopez Francisco, and Pelagio Sulit Cruz.
  7. 7. Many more composer added their bit during this period. Among them were Freddie Aguilar, Jose Marie Chan and the group Tito, Vic and Joey. Anak of Freddie Aguilar became an instant success because of the spirit and emotions revealed in the song. There were even translation in Japanese and in other languages.
  8. 8. B. THE PLAY UNDER THE NEW SOCIETY the government led in reviving old plays and dramas, like the Tagalog Zarzuela, Cenaculo and the Embayoka of the Muslim which were presented in the rebuilt Metropolitan theater, the Folk Arts Theater and the Culture Center of the Philippines. Many schools and organization also presented varied plays.
  9. 9. The Mindanao State University presented a play Sining Embayoka at the Culture Center of the Philippines. In 1977,the tales of Manuvu, a new stlye of rock of the ballet opera was also added to these presentation. This was performed by Celeste Legaspi, Lea Navarro, Hadji Alejandro, Boy Camara, Anthony Castelo, Rey Dizon and choreographed by Alice Reyes.
  10. 10. The following organizations contributed a lot to the development of plays during this period. 1. PETA of Cecille Guidote and Lino Brocka 2. Repertory Philippines: of Rebecca Godines and Zenaida Amador 3. Up Repertory of Behn Cervantes 4. Teatro Filipina by Rolando Tinio.
  11. 11. C. RADIO AND TELEVION Radio continued to be patronized during this period. The play series like SI MATAR , DAHILAN, ITO ANG PALAD KO, and MR. LONELY were the forms of recreation of those without television. Even the new songs were first heard over the airwaves.
  12. 12. However, many performing artists in radio moved over to television because of higher pay. Among these were Augusto Victa, Gene Palamo, Mely Tagasa,Lina Pusing, and Ester Chavez. Popular television plays were GULONG NG PALAD. FLOR DE LUNA, and ANNA LIZA. SUPERMAN AND TARZAN were also popular with the youth.
  13. 13. D. FILIPINOS FILMS A yearly Pista ng mga Pelikulang Pilipino (Yearly Pilipino film Festival) was held during this time. During Festival which lasted usually or a month, only Filipino films were shown in all theaters in metro manila. Prizes and trophies were awarded at the end of Festival in recognition of excellence in film making and in role perfornance.
  14. 14. New kinds of films without sex or romance started to made but which were nevertheless well-received by the public. Among these were: 1.MAYNILA- SA MGA KUKO NG LIWANAG written by Edgardo Reyes and filmed under the direction of Lino Brocka. Bembol Roco was in the lead role. 2. MINSA’Y ISANG GAMU-GAMO; Nora Aunor was the principal performer here. 3.GANITO KAMI NOON . . PAANO KAYO NGAYON : led by Christopher de leon and Gloria Diaz. 4.INSIANG: by Hilda Koronel 5.AGUILA: led by Fernando Poe Jr., Jay Ilagan and Chritopher de leon
  15. 15. E. COMICS, MAGAZINES AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS The leading papers during this period were: 1.BULLETIN TODAY 2.TIMES JOURNAL 3.PEOPLES JOURNAL 4.BALITA 5.PILIPINO EXPRESS 6.PHILIPPINE DAILY EXPRESS 7.EVENONG POST 8.EVENING EXPRESS
  16. 16. LIWAYWAY had been an old-time favorite of the Filipinos since 1920. Other magazine were: 1.KISLAP 2.BULAKLAK 3.LOVE LIFE 4.EXTRA HOT 5.JINGLE SENSATION
  17. 17. Like mushrooms, comics also proliferated everywhere and were enjoyed by the masses. Among these were: 1.PILIPINO 2.EXTRA HOT 3.LOVE LIFE 4.HIWAGA 5.KLASIK 6.ESPESYAL
  18. 18. F. PALANCA AWARDEES
  19. 19. SHORT STORY CATEGORY 1972-1973 First Prizes- “SPOTS ON THEIR WINGS AND OTHER STORIES” –Antonio Enriquez Second Prizes- “ON FRIENDS YOU PIN SUCH HOPES’ –Ines Taccad Camayo Third Prizes- “THE LIBERATION OF MRS. FIDELA MAGSILANG” –Jaime A. Lim 1973-1974 First Prizes- “THE CRIES OF CHILDREN ON AN APRIL AFTERNOON IN THE YEAR 1957” –Gregorio C. Brillantes Second Prizes- “THE WHITE DRES” –Estrella D. Alfon Third Prizes- “TELL ME WHO CLEFT THE DEVIL’S FOOT” -Luning BONIFACIO IRA HONORABLE MENTION-”SCORING”- JOY T. DAYRIT
  20. 20. 1974-75 Frist Prize- co-winners 1. THE DAY OF THE LOCUSTS”- Leoncio P. Deriada 2. “ROMANCE AND THE FAITH ON THE MOUNT BANAHAW” –Alfred A. Yuson Second Price- co winners 1.”THE MAN WHO MADE A COVENANT WITH THE WIND- Cirilo F. Bautista 2.”ONCE UPON A CRUISE : GENERATIONS AND OTHER LANDSCAPES”-Luning Bonifacio Ira Third Price- co winners 1.”THE DOG EATERS-Leonacio P. Deriada 2. “THE PEOPLE’S PRISON-Maura R. Avena 3.”DISCOVERY”-Dr. Porfirio F. Villarin,Jr. 4. “A SUMMER GOODBYE”-Linda Ledesma and Benjamin Bautistas
  21. 21. G. AN OVERVIEW OF THE LITERATURE DURING THE NEW SOCIETY Bilingual education which initiated by the Board of National Education as early as 1958 and contributed up to the period of Martial Rule in September 21,1972, resulted in the deterioration of English in the different levels of education. The focus of education and culture was on problems of national identity, on re-oriented, renewed vigor and a firm resolved to carry out plans and programs.
  22. 22. GROUP 1 

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