SKINPUTTECHNOLOGY ____________________________ _ By : Fenil Wakawala Guided By : P. D. Khambre
INTRODUCTION Screens are smaller, cameras are more ubiquitous, touch screen is everywhere. Mobility , flexibility , responsiveness are getting more demands. Microsoft puts forword a new flesh- control input technology called
1ST public appearance was at Microsoft’sTechFest 2010
What is “Skinput”? Skinput is technology that appropriates the human body for acoustic transmission. Its allows the skin to be used as input surface, allows to interact with body in eye free manner. Was devloped by Chris Harrison(Carnegie Mello University),Microsoft Research.
Mechanical phenomenon : As the skin taps on the skin; acoustic energies are foemed. Two forms of the waves are formed: 1. Transverse. 2. Longitudinal.
Sensors are activated by the waves moving underneath it. Transverse waves formed moves outward form the point of contact Transverse waves formed at soft part of the skin is of higher amplitude than the bony part of skin.
Cont… Some energy is transmitted inward, toward the skeleton. These are longitudinal waves; excites the bane. This excitation vibrates soft tissues surrounding the entire length of the bone, resulting in new longitudinal waves that propagate outward to the skin. The sensor is activated as these waves hits underneath it.
Sensing : Instead of a single sensing element with a flat response curve, an array of highly tuned vibration sensors are used. Bio –acoustic sensor, its employed with small, cantilevered piezo films.
Cont……. Cantilever is adjusted in the resonating frequency. Adjustment done by adding weight. Irresponsive to singal parallel on the skin; reduce the noise due other signal.
About the sensor design… relatively inexpensive. Can be manufactured in a very small form factor, rendering it suitable for inclusion in future mobile devices.
Requirements : An acoustic detector to detect sound vibrations. It uses a microchip-sized pico projector to display menu. It needs bluetooth connection.
The design : The prototype features has two arrays of five sensing elements, incorporated into an armband form. Each sensor array is sensible to particular set of frequencies: 1. Upper – low frequencies – fleshier. 2. Lower – high frequencies – denser bones.
The processing : Employ a mackie onyx 1200f audio interface to digitally capture data form the ten sensors. Each channel is sampled at 5.5 khz. This is connected to conventional desktop computer , where a thin client written in C interfaced with the device using the ASLO protocol.
Key functions : This program provides a live visuization of the data from the ten sensors. Its segments inputs from the data stream into independent instances. Classifies these input instances. The audio stream is segmented into individual taps using an absolute exponential average of all ten channels.
BMI effects:1. BMI –Body mass index.2. to assess how these variations affectedour sensing accuracy.3. the participants with the three highestBMIs(29.2, 29.6, 31.9) produced the threelowest average accuracies.
Advantages : The projected interface can appear much larger than it ever could on a device’s screen.Arm can be brought closer to face (or vise versa ) to see the display close up. colour contrast can be adjusted by dimming the light so that a better picture will be visible if skin and the text are too similar in color during daylight.
conclusion : The technology itself is intriguing , and have more application other than always avaibility. Skinput is very intersting technology . But its fate will ultimately depend on how committed Microsoft is to making it a commercial reality and how soon.