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  • The capital of the state is Providence. It has the following state motto: „Hope“
  • A
  • USA

    2. 2. Basic data <ul><li>The United States spreads from the Pacific oceans to the Atlantic, and her neighbors are Canada in the north and and Mexico in the South. </li></ul><ul><li>The United states are federation of the 50 states. It is 9 million squere kilometers big with 300 million inhabitants. </li></ul><ul><li>Every country has its main city, but the capital of the USA is Washington D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Currancy – dollar </li></ul><ul><li>The United States has no official language, but English is the most common language for daily interaction. Alongside English- French is in Louisiana, Spanish is in New Mexico and Hawaiian in Hawai. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Washington,D.C. The capital of the USA
    4. 4. One of the most beautiful cities of America, built in classic style Capitol the tallest building in Washington
    5. 6. Americans <ul><li>Some nations, specially Chinese and Italian keep their traditions and languages and live in small communities. 80% are white, 12% are black, 9% are hispanic, 4% asian and only less than 1% native. </li></ul>
    6. 7. American indians By 1500 America was occupied by developed nations with long traditions, the original Americans.
    7. 8. Native Nations <ul><li>The various tribes developed different lifestyles. </li></ul><ul><li>In the north and on the coast they lived by fishing. </li></ul><ul><li>On the Great plains Sioux and Comanche settled in villages and grew crops. </li></ul><ul><li>Others lived as nomads, they sheltered in tipi camps and during the summer they hunted the herds of bufallo. </li></ul><ul><li>Today Native Americans number about 2 million (0,8 percent of total population) </li></ul>
    8. 9. New settlers <ul><li>Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492. Later ships slowly brought European settlers from Spain, France, England, Ireland , Holland, Germany or Sweden to built the New World . </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans suffered from warfare against European colonists, displacement. Up to 80 percent of native population may have died due to European diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Slave sale: </li></ul><ul><li>Trade triangle </li></ul><ul><li>About half a million slaves from Africa </li></ul><ul><li>were brought over to America </li></ul><ul><li>during the 17th and 18th centuries </li></ul><ul><li>to work in gold mines, on the fields </li></ul><ul><li>of sugar, tobacco, indigo or cotton </li></ul><ul><li>plantations. </li></ul>
    9. 10. July 4,1776 <ul><li>In the 18th century there were thirteen colonies along the Atlantic Coast under British rule. They have to pay high taxes. The colonists wished to rule the country by themselves. They started War of Independence and won . </li></ul><ul><li>The Declaration of Independence signed in 1776 in Philadelphia established The United states of America. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1787 The Constitution of the United States (basic laws of the country) was adopted including Bill of Rights. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1789 George Washington was elected the first President of the United States. </li></ul>
    10. 11. Slavery <ul><li> Slave auction Slave </li></ul><ul><li>The history of slavery in the United states began soon after Europeans first settled in. </li></ul><ul><li>Building the New World needed workforce. Indian slavery was widely practiced in 17th century by Spanish or English. But natives were not numerous enough and were quickly decimated by European diseases, hard work and little food. </li></ul><ul><li>The Atlantic slave trade brought ower a half million Africans to America and it is sometimes called „maafa“ – meaning holocaust or great disaster. Part of the Western Africa became known as „the Slave coast“. </li></ul><ul><li>The history of slavery ended in practice in 1863-65 with Abraham Lincoln´s Emancipation Proclamation. </li></ul>
    11. 12. African Americans segregation <ul><li>Even after the end of slavery American blacks were hampered by segregation and education . </li></ul><ul><li>In the late 1950s and early 1960s African Americans led by Dr. Martin Luther King used protests to discrimination in voting, education and public accomodation. </li></ul>
    12. 13. The late 19th century – period of heavy immigration <ul><li>Industrialization brought many foreign-born workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Now there live hispanics, Cuban Americans, Chinese, Japanesse, Italian, Russian, Asian immigrants Jews and others. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides legal immigrants there are more than 5 million people without permission in the United States. </li></ul>
    13. 14. American expansion <ul><li>„ Civilization“ the people of Cuba </li></ul>
    14. 15. USA Religions
    15. 16. Religions <ul><li>One of the first permanent settlements in what became the North American colonies was founded by English Puritans, Calvinists who had been outsiders in their homeland, where the Church of England was established. So Protestants were the dominant religion in the early days. Today America is one of the most diverse religious societies in the world. </li></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>In 2005 Protestants of all denominations numbered more than 100 million; Catholics, 67 million; and Jews, 6 million. The Islamic faith also has about 6 million U.S. adherents, many of whom are African-American converts. It is estimated that the number of mosques in the United States -- today, about 2,000 -- has more than doubled in the last 15 years. Buddhism and Hinduism are growing with the arrival of immigrants from countries where these are the majority religions. </li></ul>Religions Aneta Gretschelová
    17. 18. USA Pop music
    18. 19. Pop music <ul><li>Modern pop music was born in the USA when two different kinds of music came together. The first kind was the music of Africa which was brought to the USA by black slaves. The second kind was taken to the USA by white settlers from Brit ai n and Irel a nad. Rhythm was the most important thing in black music, while white songs had a strong melody. </li></ul>
    19. 20. <ul><li>In the 1950s Elvis Presley brought to world Rock and Roll. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1960s, rock music was developed in several different directions by British bands like The Beatles, The Rolling Stones and The Who, and by American stars like Bob Dylan and Jimi Hendrix. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1970s produced glamour rock (bands like Queen, disco) and born Heavy metal bands like Met a llica, Black Sabath (characteristic loud music). </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1980s American dance music was fashion with hip hop, house, garage music. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1990s popular band are Oasis, Nirvana, Spice girls and Backstreet boys. </li></ul><ul><li>Then most people listening rap, which came from black people. </li></ul>Pop music
    20. 21. USA JAZZ
    21. 22. Jazz The music, which originally sprang from a conglomeration of the most variet European cultural influences set by a col uo rful mixture of imigrant s nationalities and then a new element, the folklore of the Afr ic an blacks. Its first sprouts are spirituals ( working song s of the plantatious labourers) and gospels (spiritual songs of the blacks, a l l read y Christian. Both kinds of music have a biblical content, originall y expressing discontent with the standing of the black man in his new home. At the top of the 1930’s swing was a popular form of jay played by the bands of Glen Miller, Wood y Hermann, Benny Goodman. The black musicians Charlie Parker, Miles Davis and Dizzy Gillespie.
    22. 23. AMERICA´ S POPULAR SPORTS Sports are very important for American people. They are part of the culture. More people go in for sports in the USA than in Europe. The Americans prefer different sports to the Europeans.
    23. 24. Baseball Baseball is called the national sport. There are many teams that play almost every day from April to October. Baseball is quite an old sport. American football American football is not what we call „football“ here in Europe. The Americans call Europan football „soccer“. This is popular TV sport, very many people watch it. But there are just 16 games per year in the National Football League witch is the major professional American football league. It is a similar sport to rugby. American football is a fast, exciting game. Basketball Basketball was invented in Massachusetts so it is truly an „American“ sport. The NBA is one of the major professional sports leagues in North America. The 30 teams start playing in April. It is the most popular team sport. Basketball is a very fast sport. Tall players are often better than small players.
    24. 25. Equipment
    25. 26. National Park s in the USA
    26. 27. <ul><li>There are more then 375 national parks in the USA. </li></ul><ul><li>The national park system was created by President Theodor Roossevelt and Congres in 1872. </li></ul>
    27. 28. Two famous national parks located in California are Yosemite with its waterfalls and Yellowstone, the oldest and best known of the United States.
    28. 29. Yellowstone National Park <ul><li>Mirror Lake Bride´s veil </li></ul>
    29. 30. Zion National Park Zion National Park is located in the Southwestern United States near Spingdale, Utah. Located at the junction of the Colorado Plateau, Great Basin , and Mojave Desert regions, this unique geography and variety of life zones allow for unusual plant and animal diversity .
    30. 31. New York by Konopka and Medvec
    31. 32. The city is called „The Big Apple“. It is as an apple with a grub.
    32. 33. <ul><li>New York is the biggest city in the USA. Is situated in the East coast by the Atlantic ocean. There live 7 million people, but the whole metropolitan area is counted 17 million people. New York is the biggest city of Czech imigrants, too. </li></ul><ul><li>New York has five major parts : Manhattan, Queens, the Bronx, Staten Island and Brooklyn. The black quarter – Harlem – is in northern part of Manhattan. </li></ul>
    33. 34. Welcome to presentation about … … California
    34. 35. California <ul><li>The capital : Sacramento </li></ul><ul><li>Nickname: The Golden state. </li></ul><ul><li>State TAG : CA </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 32 667 000 </li></ul><ul><li>Los Angeles – today the second biggest city in the USA </li></ul><ul><li>There was built the very first Disneyland </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco with hilly streets and European style and with the pride of the city –the Golden Gate Bridge </li></ul><ul><li>A disaster for California are earthquakes. </li></ul>
    35. 36. There‘re some photos from Los Angeles. This city is very big and popular . There‘re some photos from Sacramento. That‘s capital city of California.
    36. 37. Los Angeles L.A . is main town in California. Los Angeles is one of the biggest cities in the world. One of the nice things about Southern California is the fact that a person can go surfing in the morning and skiing that same afternoon.
    37. 38. There‘s some of National Parks in California : 1.   Alcatraz Island 2.   Cabrillo National Monument 3.   California National Historic Trail 4.   Channel Islands National Park 5.   Death Valley National Park 6.   Devils Postpile National Monument 7.   Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site 8.   Fort Point National Historic Site 9.   Golden Gate National Recreation Area 10. John Muir National Historic Site 11. Joshua Tree National Park 12. Juan Bautista De Anza National Historic Trail 13. Lassen Volcanic National Park 14. Lava Beds National Monument 15. Manzanar National Historic Site 16. Mojave National Preserve 17. Muir Woods National Monument 18. Pinnacles National Monument 19. Point Reyes National Seashore 20. Pony Express National Historic Trail 21. Presidio of San Francisco 22. Redwood National and State Parks 23. San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park 24. Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area 25. Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Park 26. Whiskeytown National Recreation Area 27. Yosemite National Park
    38. 39. Skyline of Los Angeles Walk of Fame
    39. 40. Hollywood
    40. 41. Hollywood is a district in Los Angeles, California, USA. Excelent working conditions, beautiful weather all the year and fascinating scenery brought the American film industry to this part of country. Hollywood Hotel, 1905 Nestor Studios, Hollywood's first movie studio, 1913
    41. 42. props, post-production, and lighting companies) remain in Hollywood. Hollywood movie studios, 1922 Glen-Holly Hotel, first hotel in Hollywood, at the corner of what is now Yucca St. and Ivar Ave.; 1890. Due to its fame and cultural identity as the historical center of movie studios and stars, the word &quot;Hollywood&quot; is often used as a metonym for the American film and television industry . Today much of the movie industry has dispersed into surrounding areas such as Burbank and the Westside, but significant ancillary industries (such as editing, effects,
    42. 43. Film stars Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie, Pamela Anderson, Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightley, Bill Nighly, Charlie Sheen, Leslie Nielsen, Steve Martin, George Clooney, Michelle Pfeifer, Antonio Banderas, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Mel Gibson
    43. 44. Death Valley
    44. 45. G.K. Gilbert, a geologist who worked in the area in the 1870s . Rain rarely gets past the guardian mountains, but the little rain that does fall is the life force of the wildflowers that transform the desert into a vast garden. Others have leaves and stems that allow very little evaporation and loss of life giving water.
    45. 46. Included within the Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve, Death Valley is an active world of contrasts and extremes. It is much more than its name. By Antl and Knor
    46. 47. THE RHODE ISLAND
    47. 48. The smallest state in USA and it s nickname is The Ocean State. It’s on area 3 140 km2. The highest place’s Jerimoth Hill with 812 metres and the lowest place’s Sea Level in Atlantic Ocean. It has got two symbols. First symbol‘s Violet. Second symbol’s Red Maple
    48. 49. In the year 1790 it became the thirteenth state of America <ul><li>The capital of the state is Providence </li></ul><ul><li>It has state motto: „Hope“ </li></ul>
    49. 50. North and South Dakota By Katka Stárková
    50. 51. The capital of South Dakota state is Pierre. It is a wild country. It is surrounded by the land once ruled by Sioux Indians. There is a statue of the most famous Indian chief of all times – Sitting Bull.
    51. 52. SIOUX tribes Year 1984-sioux leader with his daugther Year 1984-three sioux fighters
    52. 53. North Dakota <ul><li>The capital of the North Dakota state is Bismarck.Bisons and Indians, once so numerous in North Dakota, are part of the past already. For the bisons they built a 3-meter-high statue, for the Indians museums. </li></ul>