Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Exam Review
Questions
Identify the type of bone that each
of the following bones would be
• Ribs
• Radius
• Vertebrae
• Metatarslas
• Femur
• Ca...
What is the longest bone in the
body?
• femur
What are the functions of the
vertebral column?
• Support and protect spinal cord
7. Name the types of bones. Which
type is important for movement?
• Long (movement- muscle attachment)
• Short
• Flat
• Ir...
How do the axial and appendicular
skeletons differ in terms of their
main function?
 Axial Skeleton protection, attachmen...
What would you find in the
medullary cavity of a long bone?
• Yellow bone marrow
What factors affect the stability of a
joint?
• Shape of bones
• Area over which the bones are in contact
• Flexibility of...
Name and describe the types of
synovial joints in the body. Which
type of joint has the most
movement?
• Gliding- btwn tar...
How do fibrous, cartilagenous &
synovial joints differ?
• Fibrous- no movement (skull)
• Cartilagenous- limited movement (...
What type of joint is the elbow?
• hinge
Where is articular cartilage found
and what is its function?
• Ends of long bones
• Protect the ends of bones, reduce fric...
Where is synovial fluid found and
what is its function?
• In a synovial joint
• Lubricates, reduces friction and provides ...
Where are the bursae commonly
found?
• Found where two structures rub together
• Reduce friction
A tendon connects ______to _____.
• muscle to bone
A ligament connects _____ to _____.
• bone to bone
Name the layers of fascia in a
muscle and identify where they are
found.
• Epimysoium- around the whole muscle
• Perimysiu...
Label the long bone on page
28.
•epiphysis, spongy bone,
articular cartilage, diaphysis,
compact bone, bone
marrow, marrow...
Label synovial joint on Page 28
articular cartilage,
synovial membrane,
synovial fluid,
bursae, meniscus,
ligaments and
ar...
What are the opposites of these
joint movements: flexion,
abduction, medial rotation?
• Extension
• Adduction
• Lateral (e...
Describe pronation of the forearm.
• Medial rotation of the radioulnar joint, not the wrist.
How do concentric, eccentric and
isometric muscle contractions
differ?
• Concentric- muscle shortens during contraction
• ...
Based on your understanding of
error bars which data point would
you conclude as not being as
accurate as the others?
What type of relationship is
this?
What type of relationship is
this?
Outline the functions of connective
tissue.
1. Cartilage:
2. Ligament:
3. Tendon:
1. It acts as a cushion between joints a...
What is the name of the outermost
layer of connective tissue
surrounding skeletal muscle?
• Epimysium
What fluid filled sacs are associated
with certain synovial joints?
• Synovial membrane
Describe why reliability is important
with regard to administering the sit
and reach test.
• Reliability- the degree to wh...
Explain DOMS in relation to
eccentric and concentric muscle
contractions.
• DOMS results primarily from eccentric muscle a...
Outline what is meant by
correlation.
• Correlation measures the strength and direction of the
relationship between two va...
Outline the importance of specificity,
accuracy, reliability and validity with
regard to fitness testing.
• Specificity- W...
Name this movement
Name this movement
Name this movement
Name this movement
Name this muscle
Name this muscle
Name two of the muscles that form
the quadriceps
• Rectus femoris
• Vastus intermedius
• Vastus lateralis
• Vastus medialis
Name two of the muscles that form
the hamstrings
• Biceps femoris
• Semitendinosus
• Semimembranosus
Name this muscle
State a motion in the sagittal plane
and give an example 84
• Flexion of bicep at elbow joint.
State a motion in the frontal plane
and give an example
• Adduction of the leg at the hip joint
State a motion in the transverse
plane and give an example
• Eversion of the ankle joint
What is the role of agonist,
antagonist and synergistic muscles
in accomplishing joint motion?
• Agonist- mover contracts ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Exam 1 review questions anatomy

762 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Exam 1 review questions anatomy

  1. 1. Exam Review Questions
  2. 2. Identify the type of bone that each of the following bones would be • Ribs • Radius • Vertebrae • Metatarslas • Femur • Carpals • Ulna • Skull • Tarsals • Tibia • Coccyx • Flat • Long • Irregular • Long • Long • Short • Long • Flat • Short • Long • Irregular
  3. 3. What is the longest bone in the body? • femur
  4. 4. What are the functions of the vertebral column? • Support and protect spinal cord
  5. 5. 7. Name the types of bones. Which type is important for movement? • Long (movement- muscle attachment) • Short • Flat • Irregular
  6. 6. How do the axial and appendicular skeletons differ in terms of their main function?  Axial Skeleton protection, attachment, movement, support  Appendicular Skeleton attachment, movement, support, blood cell formation & mineral reservoir.  (calcium & phosphorus)
  7. 7. What would you find in the medullary cavity of a long bone? • Yellow bone marrow
  8. 8. What factors affect the stability of a joint? • Shape of bones • Area over which the bones are in contact • Flexibility of the ligaments • Other soft tissue (muscles, tendons, joint capsule) how strong , loose they are… • The more mobility the less stability.
  9. 9. Name and describe the types of synovial joints in the body. Which type of joint has the most movement? • Gliding- btwn tarsals/carpals • Hinge- elbow joint • Pivot- radioulnar joint • Condyloid- radius and carpals • Saddle- carpal-metacarpal joint • Ball & socket- shoulder,hip (most movement)
  10. 10. How do fibrous, cartilagenous & synovial joints differ? • Fibrous- no movement (skull) • Cartilagenous- limited movement (vertebral column) • Synovial- freely moving.
  11. 11. What type of joint is the elbow? • hinge
  12. 12. Where is articular cartilage found and what is its function? • Ends of long bones • Protect the ends of bones, reduce friction
  13. 13. Where is synovial fluid found and what is its function? • In a synovial joint • Lubricates, reduces friction and provides nutrients to joint
  14. 14. Where are the bursae commonly found? • Found where two structures rub together • Reduce friction
  15. 15. A tendon connects ______to _____. • muscle to bone
  16. 16. A ligament connects _____ to _____. • bone to bone
  17. 17. Name the layers of fascia in a muscle and identify where they are found. • Epimysoium- around the whole muscle • Perimysium- around a muscle bundle • Endomysium- around each muscle fiber (cell)
  18. 18. Label the long bone on page 28. •epiphysis, spongy bone, articular cartilage, diaphysis, compact bone, bone marrow, marrow cavity, blood vessel and periosteum.
  19. 19. Label synovial joint on Page 28 articular cartilage, synovial membrane, synovial fluid, bursae, meniscus, ligaments and articular capsule.
  20. 20. What are the opposites of these joint movements: flexion, abduction, medial rotation? • Extension • Adduction • Lateral (external rotation)
  21. 21. Describe pronation of the forearm. • Medial rotation of the radioulnar joint, not the wrist.
  22. 22. How do concentric, eccentric and isometric muscle contractions differ? • Concentric- muscle shortens during contraction • Eccentric – muscle lengthens during contraction • Isometric- muscle does not move during contraction
  23. 23. Based on your understanding of error bars which data point would you conclude as not being as accurate as the others?
  24. 24. What type of relationship is this?
  25. 25. What type of relationship is this?
  26. 26. Outline the functions of connective tissue. 1. Cartilage: 2. Ligament: 3. Tendon: 1. It acts as a cushion between joints and reduces friction in movement (articular, meniscus, hyaline) 2. Connects bone to bone at a joint (attach to periosteum). 3. Connect muscle to bone (attach to periosteum)
  27. 27. What is the name of the outermost layer of connective tissue surrounding skeletal muscle? • Epimysium
  28. 28. What fluid filled sacs are associated with certain synovial joints? • Synovial membrane
  29. 29. Describe why reliability is important with regard to administering the sit and reach test. • Reliability- the degree to which a measure would produce the same results from one occasion to another. If we see improvements in fitness tests, improvements must be due to fitness and not because there is something wrong with the reliability of the test.
  30. 30. Explain DOMS in relation to eccentric and concentric muscle contractions. • DOMS results primarily from eccentric muscle action and is associated with structural muscle damage, inflammatory reactions in the muscle, overstretching and overtraining.
  31. 31. Outline what is meant by correlation. • Correlation measures the strength and direction of the relationship between two variables
  32. 32. Outline the importance of specificity, accuracy, reliability and validity with regard to fitness testing. • Specificity- When testing fitness it must be specific to the sport. • Accuracy- the instruments used to measure the fitness component must be accurate. Equipment working properly. • Reliability- the degree to which a measure would produce the same results from one occasion to another. If we see improvements in fitness tests, improvements must be due to fitness and not because there is something wrong with the reliability of the test. • Tests are unreliable when there is a learning or habituation effect i.e. a decrease in response to a stimulus after repeated presentation. • Validity- the fitness test measures what it claims to measure.
  33. 33. Name this movement
  34. 34. Name this movement
  35. 35. Name this movement
  36. 36. Name this movement
  37. 37. Name this muscle
  38. 38. Name this muscle
  39. 39. Name two of the muscles that form the quadriceps • Rectus femoris • Vastus intermedius • Vastus lateralis • Vastus medialis
  40. 40. Name two of the muscles that form the hamstrings • Biceps femoris • Semitendinosus • Semimembranosus
  41. 41. Name this muscle
  42. 42. State a motion in the sagittal plane and give an example 84 • Flexion of bicep at elbow joint.
  43. 43. State a motion in the frontal plane and give an example • Adduction of the leg at the hip joint
  44. 44. State a motion in the transverse plane and give an example • Eversion of the ankle joint
  45. 45. What is the role of agonist, antagonist and synergistic muscles in accomplishing joint motion? • Agonist- mover contracts concentrically i.e. muscle shortens to move the bone relative to the joint. • Antagonist- during joint movement contracts eccentrically i.e. muscles lengthens • Synergist- helps agonist by contracting isometrically, i.e. muscle does not shorten but is contracted, to prevent unwanted movements

×