Nigeria and the implementation of the London Convention and the London Protocol


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Nigeria and the implementation of the London Convention and the London Protocol

  2. 2. NIGERIA Country Profile
  3. 3. Map of Nigeria 3
  4. 4. NIGERIA (COUNTRY PROFILE) POPULATION Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, the eighth most populous country in the world, and the most populous African country in the world. The United Nations estimates that the population in 2009 was at 154,729,000, distributed as 51.7% rural and 48.3% urban, and with a population density of 167.5 people per square kilometer.
  5. 5. NIGERIA (COUNTRY PROFILE) ECONOMY Nigeria is classified as an emerging market, and is rapidly approaching middle income status, with its abundant supply of resources, well- developed financial, legal, communications, transport sectors and stock exchange (the Nigerian Stock Exchange), which is the second largest in Africa. Nigeria is ranked 37th in the world in terms of GDP as of 2007. The economy of Nigeria is one of the fastest growing in the world, with the International Monetary Fund projecting a growth of 9% in 2008 and 8.3% in 2009. It is the second largest economy in Africa, and is a regional power that is also the hegemony in West Africa.
  6. 6. NIGERIA (COUNTRY PROFILE) KEY ECONOMIC SECTORS  Nigeria is the 12th largest producer of petroleum in the world and the 8th largest exporter, and has the 10th largest proven reserves. Nigeria is reported to have more gas reserves than oil.  Nigeria has one of the fastest growing telecommunications markets in the world, major emerging market operators (like MTN, Etisalat, Zain and Globacom) basing their largest and most profitable centres in the country. The government has recently begun expanding this infrastructure to space based communications. Nigeria has a space satellite which is monitored at the Nigerian National Space Research and Development Agency headquarters in Abuja.  The country has a highly developed financial services sector, with a mix of local and international banks, asset management companies, brokerage houses, insurance companies and brokers, private equity funds and investment banks.
  7. 7. NIGERIA (COUNTRY PROFILE) KEY ECONOMIC SECTORS  Nigeria also has a wide array of underexploited mineral resources which include natural gas, coal, bauxite, tantalite, gold, tin, iron ore, limestone, niobium, lead and zinc. Despite huge deposits of these natural resources, the mining industry in Nigeria is still in it infancy.  Agriculture used to be the principal foreign exchange earner of Nigeria. At one time, Nigeria was the world's largest exporter of groundnuts, cocoa, and palm oil and a significant producer of coconuts, citrus fruits, maize, pearl millet, cassava, yams and sugar cane. About 60% of Nigerians work in the agricultural sector, and Nigeria has vast areas of underutilized arable land.  It also has a manufacturing industry which includes leather and textiles , car manufacturing , plastics and processed food.
  8. 8. NIGERIA (COUNTRY PROFILE) KEY ECONOMIC SECTORS  The country has recently made considerable amount of revenue from her movie industry tagged Nollywood. It is rated as the third biggest movie industry in the world after Hollywood (USA) and Bollywood (India). Nigerian movies are popular in other African countries and among African immigrants in Europe.
  9. 9. Map of Nigeria 10
  10. 10. NIGERIA is a coastal State with about 853 kilometers coastline. The country's  Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers a total area of approximately 315,950 nautical square kilometers. With a vast environment subtending enormous resources, the Nigerian maritime sector has remained largely untapped, yet it has a variety of investment potentials cutting across shipbuilding/repairs, freight forwarding, training and maritime service industries etc. There is a vast network of navigable and potentially navigable rivers, lakes and creeks, transverse more than 3,000 kilometers of inland waters. Nigeria remains the economic hub of West Africa and shares in its coastline including the rich Gulf of Guinea. She is a key destination of the world's major shipping lines and logistics service providers. MARITIME NIGERIA
  11. 11. The Maritime Industry in Nigeria is under the supervision of the Federal Ministry of Transport, headed by a Cabinet Minister. The maritime related agencies (parastatals) under the Ministry include: The Nigerian Maritime Administration and safety Agency(NIMASA)  The Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) The Nigerian Shippers Council (NSC) The National Inland Waterways Authority (NIWA) and The Maritime Academy of Nigeria. Prior to the oil boom of the 1970s, water transportation played a significant role in the movement of goods and persons in Nigeria. The country's inland water network handles an average of 500,000 tonnes of cargo each year. The network comprised of two major rivers, River Niger and River Benue, along with smaller rivers across 27 out of the 36 States of the Federation. Nigeria’s total land and water area is 923,768 sq km, with the area of the land being 910,768 sq km while that of water is 13,000 sq km. Nigeria exercise sovereignty over its territorial sea which has its breadth up to a limit of 12 nautical miles. 12
  12. 12. NIMASA AT A GLANCE The Agency Mandate is derived from the following:  Merchant Shipping Act as amended  National Shipping Policy Act  Merchant Shipping (Delegation of Powers) Notice  Nigerian Maritime Labour Act  Coastal and Inland Shipping Act
  13. 13. NIMASA AT A GLANCE OUR VISION The Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency is committed to making Nigeria one of the leading twenty maritime nations of the world by year 2020. OUR MISSION To achieve safe, secure shipping, cleaner oceans and enhanced maritime capacity in line with global best practices towards Nigeria's economic development.
  14. 14. NIMASA AT A GLANCE WHAT WE DO Regulatory  Flag State Administration  Port State Administration  Marine Environment Management  Implementation of ISPS Code  Certification of Seafarers and Registration of Dockworkers  Registration of Shipping Companies Operational  Marine Environment Management & Emergency Services  Hydrographic Services  Global Maritime Distress & Safety System (GMDSS)  Marine Safety Information Service  Maritime Security  Cabotage Enforcement  Ships and Cargo
  15. 15.  Observations from the National Workshop of February 2013  - Lack of stakeholders awareness  - Lack of technical implementation 16 The implementation of the London Protocol thus far, in Nigeria
  18. 18. High profile city is being built on land reclaimed from the Atlantic Ocean upto 2km offshore . 19 EKO ATLANTIC
  19. 19.  Need for a National Taskforce made up of Ministries Departments and Agencies to derive a proper implementation plan  Need to establish a marine environmental laboratory by NIMASA  Evaluation and designation of waste dumpsites in the ocean  Development of a conceptual model for possible waste plume dispersion  Regional cooperation on implementation strategies 20 The way forward arising from the workshop
  20. 20. OPERATIONAL ACTION 1. Sectoral Categorization of Action Plan 2. Development of WAG 1. Incorporation of Littoral State Governments into the NTF 2. Proper enforcement of the Action Plan 3. Grass root enlightenment and awareness campaign 4. Comprehensive list of all stakeholders in dredging activities 5. Creation of information desk 6. Trips to member countries for dissemination of information and knowledge sharing 7. The need to incorporate other sectors in the economy to debate the impact of dredging activities to the environment. WAY FORWARD 21 SCIENTIFIC ACTION 1) Scientific modalities to ensure transparent and effective implementation of LC/LP; 2) Formulation of an Action list and action documents for LC/LP; 3) Identification of works already done in Nigeria and Africa with regards to dumping in the marine environment; 4) Quick analysis of the sediment state of the larger marine environment of Nigeria, to come up with a map of a possible dumpsite; 5) Provide a conventional model hypothesis of the possible flow dynamics of waste plume; and 6) Set up a marine litter/ dump watch programme 7) Issuance of dumping permit.
  21. 21.  A national taskforce has been established comprising the necessary MDAs  The Ministry of Aviation will be invited to the next meeting  A laboratory is in place in Lagos and this will be created in all the other zones  A scientific think tank group which is part of the think tank has identified necessary research areas  Involved MDAs will hold a tripartite meeting to proffer the best approach in harnessing information on permits . This will take into concern the best ways to collect and report activities to 22 Journey so far
  22. 22.  Possible areas for dumping have been identified based on the existing map on sounding of the Atlantic made available by the maritime guard command  To tackle issues of awareness, NIMASA embarked on marine litter cleanup activities aimed at preventing dumping of municipal wastes from upland 23 Journey so far…
  23. 23.  Municipal waste /upland sources  DREGDING :  Operational  Coastal infrastructure  Sand mining amongst others 24 POSSIBLE SOURCES OF DUMPING IN NIGERIA’S OCEAN
  25. 25.  Aim- to determine the pollution load of the water system attributable to particular sources of pollution 26 Baseline studies on pollution prone areas within the Lagos Marine Environment
  26. 26.  Release of marine notice on re-engineered permitting system for  Rolling out actions towards re-engineering the permitting system  Initiating actions on the formulation of of action plan and levels and other necessary guidelines . 27 NEAR FUTURE ACTION PLAN
  27. 27. Comments! & Questions Please 28 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION