Tina rtps-tat presentation


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A Comparative Study of 5 State Guarantees of [Right to] Public Services- RTPS- Feb 2012

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Tina rtps-tat presentation

  1. 1. !"#"$!%Transparency, Accountability & Timeliness in Right to Public Services An Overview of 5 StatesWhy Service Guarantees - Broad•  Changes in Political Thought & Agenda – What [also] gets Votes !  Good Governance !  Development – Provision of Basic Essential Services !  Open, Transparent Government !  Anti-corruption Measures !  Acceptance by State of Civil Society movements for rightsWhy Service Guarantees- Specific•  Failure of Citizen Charters•  Precedence of Rights-based Laws : RTI, MNREGS, RTE•  Increasing Bad Publicity on Grievances related to poor Public Service Delivery•  Top-down Push for systems that holds front- line service providers accountable•  Simultaneously empowering citizens $%
  2. 2. !"#"$!% RTPS Acts: Highlights • Transparency • Accountability • Timeliness RTPS Acts: Highlights•  Transparency- making public service delivery processes & procedures open and visible•  Transparency – Information to citizens on: !  Reasons [in writing] why an application is rejected or a service delayed or denied !  Status of Applications RTPS Acts: Highlights•  Accountability - by identifying the responsible authorities within the system•  Accountability - Penalizing wilful non- performance•  Accountability - Put Citizen First: mechanism for redress of grievance; compensation !%
  3. 3. !"#"$!% RTPS Acts: Highlights•  Timeliness - Imposes a legally enforceable timeframe for service delivery•  Timeliness: Imposes legally enforceable timeframe for addressing grievances through the mechanisms of Appeals and Reviews Comparative Overview• Sample: 5 States• Methodology ! Review of Documents ! Limited field visits ! A Quick Review of Major Elements Comparative Overview•  Madhya Pradesh- PIONEER- first to pass and implement Act•  Bihar- RTPS NO. 1 on its ‘SUSHSAN’ Good Governance Agenda•  Rajasthan- maximum number of services guaranteed•  Delhi- An entirely different approach – e-SLA•  Uttar Pradesh- quick to follow MP, but least number of services under Act &%
  4. 4. !"#"$!% Key Highlights TRANSPARENCY -Public Awareness•  Awareness drives through !  Special Gram Sabhas in MP; !  TV, Radio, Print media in Bihar, !  Nukkad Nataks, Village Pracharaks, Schools in Rajasthan•  Notice Boards in all States•  Clear instructions for citizens on application process and services coming under RTPS•  Bihar BRTPS Rules (sec.18) specifically mention Dissemination and Training Transparency•  Online application tracking and monitoring systems in MP, Bihar, Delhi, UP; final stages of software readiness in Rajasthan•  Jigyasa and Samadhan helpline in Bihar for queries related to RTPS•  e-SLA monitoring and tracking system in Delhi [compensatory cost for delay is calculated through e- SLA software]•  SMS based reminder system in MP for officials regarding pending services; application status through SMS in Bihar %
  5. 5. !"#"$!%Accountability – Fixing Responsibility•  Designated Authorities/Competent Officer, Appellate Authorities, Reviewing Authority identified in all 5 States•  Penalties have been notified in case of failure to comply by time stipulations; compensation fixed in MP, UP, Rajasthan and Delhi•  Delhi - Incentives for Good Performance Accountability – Monitoring Performance•  Monitoring and tracking at the level of applications – !  Offices to maintain Register of applications accepted or rejected AND services delivered, delayed or denied !  Software-driven such as Adhikar, e-District and e-SLA•  Monitoring also done through !  nodal officials, !  inspections, !  monthly meetings at which disposal, pendency of applications & appeals is done !  Video conferences Timeliness – Regular Systems•  In all five states, Notified Services have to unambiguously state the TIME LIMIT within which services will be delivered•  In all states [except Uttar Pradesh] acknowledgement slips show the Date on or before which the service would be delivered•  Delhi : an automatically generated Time Limit through the e-SLA system; Bihar: through Adhikar•  Single window systems in Revenue Department – all 5 States•  MP and Rajasthan - in addition - 1-day Governance (%
  6. 6. !"#"$!%Timeliness – Some Field Observations•  Most services – reported to have been delivered before time: especially, mutation, caste/income/residence certificates•  MP, Bihar, UP, Rajasthan and Delhi have used IT for process efficiency. !  Noteworthy that online application system introduced in MP, Bihar, Delhi & Rajasthan !  In Rajasthan for certain services (caste, domicile and birth) certificates issued online with digital signature•  In MP and UP: where connectivity a problem, applications accepted, verified on paper and entries made into computer later to save time Timeliness- Issues•  Too much time has been stipulated for services in the RTPS Acts !  Citizens: Earlier the process was faster. !  Governments: A safety mechanism since penalties are involved; does provide flexibility to set better standards locally•  Delays: Very few appeals so far- MP, Bihar and Rajasthan have reported a few Overarching Challenges•  Overall implementation mechanisms robust !  rules framed !  process simplification on-going !  citizen awareness campaigns on-going !  capacity building on-going•  Shortages of Staff in Front-line Institutions: seems to be nearly universal !  In urban: due to high demand for services !  In rural – vacancies not filled for years !  Staffing situation needs re-assessment•  Shortage of funds has been reported: extra costs incurred for computer stationery; electricity supply, etc. )%
  7. 7. !"#"$!% Overarching Challenges•  Service Delivery staff need further capacity building !  Mindset change•  Infrastructure: Frontline institutions require more space and better working conditions•  Service guarantee to reach the illiterate, people living in remote areas: How to enable?•  Important that citizens understand what is guaranteed: NOT acceptance of Application alone! !  in some cases even where citizens were not eligible, perception was that the service was still guaranteed Overarching Challenges•  A competitive spirit amongst states for increasing number of services under RTPS Acts !  Good when notification of more services is well- thought out !  Danger in playing number games Overall Picture So Far•  States-led: Ownership Very High•  State Specific Strategies the Norm !  Notified Services – local demand-pull; supply-push !  Multi-modal Delivery: Paper and Electronic !  Choice: Punishment or Mutual Understanding [Delhi-developing culture for timely service delivery] !  Modes of Monitoring !  Procedures for Appeals/Complaints•  Self-generated Competitive Spirit amongst states *%
  8. 8. !"#"$!% Overall Picture So Far•  An enabling law for citizens rights that has received largely positive feedback from all, including government staff•  Pressure of service delivery on the designated officials as more people applying for services after learning about the guarantee•  Change in citizen perceptions: no longer need the services of middlemen or bribe to get services Thank You #%