INFORMATION SOURCING AND PLAGIARISM Why do we need information?• To make decision• To complete assignments• To be better informed• To better our lives• To arouse our thinking
What is Plagiarism?Is when you present other people’s works oridea as if they were yours without giving thecredit to the original owner.It is not a crime to use someone elses workor ideas but you must indicate their sources.There are different ways of doing this andthat is what is called citation, referencing orbibliography.
Why you should not plagiarise.• It is a lazy approach to work• It is unethical, it is against humanity because peoples’ works and ideas are their personal property. It means you are stealing them.• It discredits your institution and your integrity• It is illegal, it against the law.(Copyright Act Chapter 68 Law of the federation of Nigeria 1990 & Copyright (Amendment) Decree No 42 of 1999)
Types of plagiarism• Verbatim copying – word for word• Patch writing – copying few sentences from different sources.• Collusion – using another students work with their permission.• Purloining – taking the work of another student without permission.
Cont’• Ghost writing – the work is written by some one else and presented as the student’s own• Recycling – presenting your work to be assessed more than once• Make – up referencing – false details about the author. University of Pretoria Library, South Africawww.library.up.ac.za
How to avoid plagiarism1. Read before time2. Try to understand what other peoples are putting forward3. Acknowledge the sources of your information4. Use quotation marks to show that the ideas/words are not yours.5. Use appropriate referencing/citation style6. Keep a jotter to jot down essential information about the authors while reading.
Different referencing styles• Chicago style• American Psychological Association(APA)• Harvard style• Council of Biology Editors (CBE)• Vancouver style• University of Ibadan stylePlease find out which one is used by yourdepartment.
BibliographyCopyright Act available onwww.nigeria.law.org/CopyrightAct.htmlKidsHealth (2012) what is plagiarism? Available onhttp://kidshealth.org/kid/feeling/school/plagiarism.htmlPlagiarism dot ORG available on www.plagiarism.orgUniversity of Pretoria. Your guide to anti-plagiarismAvailable on www.library.up.ac.zaVan Bramer, S.E (1995) What is plagiarism? Availableon http://science.widener.edu/svb/essay/plagiar.html