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Conditional 1 and 2


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Conditional 1 and 2

  1. 1. Clauses using ‘if’ Zero Conditional Conditional 1 and 2. Conditional 3 – will be next!
  2. 2. Zero Conditional <ul><li>We use an ‘if’ clause to express something that is always true: </li></ul><ul><li>If you heat water, it boils. </li></ul><ul><li>If you fly to Australia, the time changes. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Zero Conditional <ul><li>You can replace ‘if’ with ‘when.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Try it: </li></ul><ul><li>“ If it rains, the ground gets wet.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Conditional (1) - REAL <ul><li>A first conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an &quot;if&quot; clause and a main clause: </li></ul><ul><li>If the &quot;if&quot; clause comes first , a comma is usually used. If the &quot;if&quot; clause comes second, there is no need for a comma. </li></ul>if clause -------------- If you study hard, main clause --------------- you will pass the test. main clause ----------------- You will pass the test if clause -------------- if you study hard.
  5. 5. Conditional (1) <ul><li>We use this Conditional Clause to talk about things which may happen: </li></ul><ul><li>If you wait a minute, I’ll (I will) help you. </li></ul><ul><li>If it’s sunny, we’ll go on a field trip. </li></ul><ul><li>If you study, you’ll do well in Level 4. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conditional (1) <ul><li>The main clause often has ‘will’ but you can also use other modals </li></ul><ul><li>If you haven’t got a TV, you can’t watch the news. </li></ul><ul><li>If Amy exercises, she might lose weight. </li></ul><ul><li>If John goes to a job interview, he should wear a tie. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Conditional (2) UNREAL <ul><li>The second conditional is used to talk about things which are unreal (not true or less possible) in the present or the future . </li></ul>If clause -------------- Simple past: If I bought my daughter a new car , Main clause -------------- + would & main part of verb she would be happy .
  8. 8. Conditional (2) UNREAL <ul><li>If I had a million dollars, I would buy you a house. </li></ul><ul><li>If I were you, I would drive slowly. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conditional (2) is less direct <ul><li>We’ve entered another “Mood” – we are no longer in the Indicative. </li></ul><ul><li>We are actually using the subjunctive. </li></ul><ul><li>The only time you will notice the subjunctive is when we use the verb to be in the “if” clause! </li></ul>