D3, escap regional programme and core set of economic statistics 090310


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D3, escap regional programme and core set of economic statistics 090310

  1. 1. Developing a Regional Programme for the Improvement of Economic Statistics in Asia and the Pacific Artur Andrysiak Statistics Development and Analysis Section ESCAP E-mail: andrysiak@un.org 1 © 2008 by ESCAP
  2. 2. Overview • Background – Overview of current situation – Decision of the Committee on Statistics • Regional Programme – Approach to the development of the programme – Work completed during 2009 – Aim and target areas of the Programme – Core Set of Economic Statistics • Next Steps 2 © 2008 by ESCAP
  3. 3. Background • The economic statistics have not received a lot of attention in the Asia-Pacific region, the main focus has been on the MDGs • Many developing countries in the region lack the capacity to produce and disseminate basic financial and economic data required for compiling of a minimum set of national accounts and short-term economic indicators • Most developing Asia-Pacific countries have still not been able to fully implement 1993 SNA 3 © 2008 by ESCAP
  4. 4. Milestone levels achieved by subregion Percentage of countries 100 80 60 40 20 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Milestone level ENEA SEA SSWA NCA Pacific ESCAP total 4 © 2008 by ESCAP
  5. 5. Status of SNA implementation in Asia and the Pacific Number of ESCAP countries 35 30 6 25 20 9 15 8 10 5 3 5 2 1 8 1 2 5 4 2 2 0 SNA68 SNA68/ 93 SNA93 SNA2008 No SNA/ No info Pacific SEA SSWA NCA ENEA 5 © 2008 by ESCAP
  6. 6. Availability of selected economic statistics Statistical domains Merchandise Trade 58 Employment/ Unemployment 57 National Accounts 56 Consumer Price Index 56 Balance of Payments 49 Wages/ Earnings 48 Industrial Production Index 37 Producer Price Index 34 Retail Trade Turnover 26 Volume/ Turnover in Services 16 0 10 20 30 40 50 No. of ESCAP Asia-Pacific countries 6 © 2008 by ESCAP
  7. 7. Availability of censuses and surveys Population census 56 2 Economic census 26 32 Agricultural census 33 25 Household Income and 53 5 Expenditure Survey Labour force Survey 43 15 Establishment/ Enterprise 39 19 survey 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Source data used Source data not used/ No info 7 © 2008 by ESCAP
  8. 8. Availability of Business Registers by subregion and income category NCA 8 1 ENEA 5 2 Pacific 12 9 SEA 6 5 SSWA 3 7 High-income 8 4 Middle-income 19 13 Low-income 7 7 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% BR available BR not available/ No info 8 © 2008 by ESCAP
  9. 9. Committee on Statistic, 2009 • At 1st session, in February 2009 • Adopted a coordinating governance structure to guide the development, implementation and monitoring of an action plan (Regional Programme) for the development of economic statistics in the Asian and Pacific region • Established a technical advisory group to provide guidance to the Bureau and the ESCAP secretariat on the development and periodic revision of a regional programme for the development of economic statistics 9 © 2008 by ESCAP
  10. 10. Approach to development of Programme • Agree on a core set of economic statistics that each country in the region should be able to produce • Assess countries’ capacity to produce economic statistics, and determine what main impediments to produce core set are – Initial assessment done; need for continuous (e.g. annual) monitoring • Identify what countries & agencies are doing / planning to do to overcome capacity constraints – Need for ongoing information sharing / collection 10 © 2008 by ESCAP
  11. 11. Programme development approach (cont.) • Identify, for each country, what the remaining gaps in capacity are • Determine, for and with each country, what national priorities to fill the gaps are • Develop national work plans to address the priorities by: – Integrating capacity building requirements for economic statistics in National Strategies for the Development of Statistics – Mobilizing (advocating for the mobilization) of national and internationally resources (funding) • Implementing / monitoring the work plans 11 © 2008 by ESCAP
  12. 12. Work completed during 2009 • Establishment and meetings of Technical Advisory Group (TAG): – Experts from AFG, AUS, IND, KAZ, MNG, NZL, ADB, ASEAN Secr., ECO Secr., Eurostat, FAO, IMF, SPC – Met in Sep and Dec 2009 + intensive email & phone communication – Proposed Core Set of Economic Statistics • Assessment of NSS’s capacity to produce economic statistics – Development of framework – Desk research – Country validation / gap filling 12 © 2008 by ESCAP
  13. 13. Work completed during 2009(cont.) • Expert Group Meeting (17-18 September 2009) – To discuss need for Regional Programme, how to go about developing it, and issues to be covered • Workshop to Develop a Regional Programme (9- 11 December 2009 ) – to discuss and formulate recommendations on the proposed Regional Programme: • a minimum core set of economic statistics that each country in the region should be able to produce • the key elements, deliverables and timelines of the Regional Programme • the implementation and periodic review of the Regional Programme. 13 © 2008 by ESCAP
  14. 14. Focus of the Programme 14 © 2008 by ESCAP
  15. 15. Aim of the Regional Programme • The primary aim of the programme is to develop the capacity of ESCAP Members and Associate Members to produce a core set of economic statistics by 2020 of appropriate quality required for short and long term economic analyses and decision making by both government and non- government agencies / organisations. 15 © 2008 by ESCAP
  16. 16. Target areas • develop selected core human skills required to collect, compile, analyse and disseminate economic statistics of appropriate and known quality • improve the capacity of countries to develop, implement and maintain key statistical infrastructures - quality assessment framework; metadata repositories; business register; area frame for household surveys • improve methodological transparency through national compilation and dissemination of appropriate methodological information (metadata) • enhance the long-term sustainability of the national statistical system through improvements in statistical advocacy within the country 16 © 2008 by ESCAP
  17. 17. Delivery of the Programme • The delivery of most aspects of the programme will be via the work programmes of NSOs as well as global, regional and sub-regional bodies funding and providing technical assistance and other initiatives across the region • All players active in the region will need to sign on to the programme, be willing to share information on their activities, and if necessary modify the nature of the training or technical assistance and/or the timing of what they planned to deliver • ESCAP Committee on Statistics will provide a key forum for discussion and decisions on Regional Programme 17 © 2008 by ESCAP
  18. 18. Relationship of the Core Set to the Regional Programme • Purpose of the programme is to develop the capacity to produce a range of economic statistics, ie remove the constraints preventing their production. • The core set fulfils two roles: – Determines the scope of the programme. – Provides guidance on the minimum set of economic statistics to be produced. 18 © 2008 by ESCAP
  19. 19. Core Set of Economic Statistics • A minimum set of statistics needed to monitor the economy and material wellbeing. • Includes both primary and derived statistics. • Flexibility in the type of statistic and its characteristics (other than frequency) within some statistical categories. • Applies to all member countries in principle. • In practice, some statistics may not be relevant given the nature of the economy of the member country – but that country will have the capability to produce the core set. • Not a set of surveys ...but source data needs and best practice imply the need for certain types of surveys. • Not a list of source data needed to compile SNA……but.. 19 © 2008 by ESCAP
  20. 20. Core Set of Economic Statistics • …..the statistics are compiled within the SNA and related frameworks. • …..the statistics are key … so it can be expected that they will also provide most of the source data needed to compile the national accounts. • …the Regional Programme delivers capability. The outcome should be country capability to produce national accounts including obtaining source data that may not be explicitly listed in the core set. 20 © 2008 by ESCAP
  21. 21. Domains of economic statistics included in the core set – Prices and costs – Demand and output – Income and wealth – Money and banking – Government – Labour market – Natural assets and the environment – Within each of the above domains, the Core Set consists of key statistics, each of which is described by its frequency and relevant international standard and/or guideline 21 © 2008 by ESCAP
  22. 22. Core Set of Economic Statistics Infrastructure: ( frameworks, standards, classifications, registers ) Input data Processing Output statistics 22 © 2008 by ESCAP
  23. 23. Next steps • The Core Set and the Regional Programme will be finalized during the 1st half of 2010 • The finalized versions of the Regional Programme and the core set will be submitted for the consideration and endorsement of the Committee on Statistics during its second session, scheduled to take place in December 2010 • Given the need for strengthening national statistical systems (NSSs) in Asia and the Pacific through actively advocating for increased commitment from policymakers, particularly in government, both of these documents will be subsequently submitted to the ESCAP Commission. 23 © 2008 by ESCAP
  24. 24. Implementation of 2008 SNA and ISIC Rev.4 – ESCAP Region Country Plans for If yes, when do you Plans for If yes, when do you implementatio plan to implement implementatio plan to implement n of 2008 SNA SNA2008 n of ISIC Rev4 ISIC Rev4 Armenia Y 2011-2012 Y 2010 Australia Y 2009Y 2009 Bhutan Y 5years time Fiji Y 2009, GDP released. Y Working on all other national accounts tables eg up to lending, integrated accounts etc Hong Kong, China Y around 2012 Y 2011 India Y 2015Y 2015 Indonesia Y 2014 Iran (Islamic Republic of) N Y 2011 Japan Y 2015N Republic of Korea Y 2014 24 © 2008 by ESCAP
  25. 25. Implementation of 2008 SNA and ISIC Rev.4 – ESCAP Region Country Plans for If yes, when do you Plans for If yes, when do you implementatio plan to implement implementatio plan to implement ISIC n of 2008 SNA SNA2008 n of ISIC Rev4 Rev4 Macao, China Y 2010Y 2011 Malaysia Y 2014Y 2014 Maldives Y Mongolia Y 2015Y 2010 New Zealand N Y 2011 Samoa Y 2010Y 2009/10 Singapore Y SNA2008 will be Y Implemented ISIC Rev4 implemented (draft) in 2007. progressively. Implementing ISIC Rev 4 in 2011-12. Thailand N Y 201X Tonga Y N Viet Nam Y 2011Y 2007 25 © 2008 by ESCAP
  26. 26. References and useful links Committee on Statistics, First session • http://www.unescap.org/stat/cst/1/index.asp Towards an action plan for the development of economic statistics in the Asian and Pacific region • http://www.unescap.org/stat/cst/1/CST1-5E.pdf Availability and quality of short-term economic statistics in the Asian and the Pacific Region • http://unstats.un.org/unsd/nationalaccount/workshops/2009/netherlands/AC Expert Group Meeting on the Development of Economic Statistics in the Asian and Pacific Region (17-18 September 2009, Bangkok) • http://www.unescap.org/stat/meet/egm2009/index.asp Workshop to Develop a Regional Programme for the Improvement of Economic Statistics in Asia and the Pacific (9-11 December 2009, Bangkok) • http://www.unescap.org/stat/meet/econ-dec09/index.asp 26 © 2008 by ESCAP
  27. 27. Regional advisory services The Statistics Division of ESCAP offers regional advisory services on statistics Regional Adviser on Statistics stat.unescap@un.org 27 © 2008 by ESCAP
  28. 28. Questions? Thank you 28 © 2008 by ESCAP