Evidence-Based Emergency Management - Part 1

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  • Key points: Evidence can inform decision-making. Justify actions. Provide legal protection.
  • Intro to EBEM
  • Intro to EBEM
  • Key points: Give your search a focus. To prevent you from getting distracted by related information that doesn’t help you. To give you words to use in your search.
  • Mention search strategy worksheets
  • Imagine these this circle represent the articles that you would find if you searched for each of these three words separately. We want to combine them to get results about all three. They way we combine them is really important, because it will change the results we get.
  • If we combine University Campus and Cyber-bullying with OR [CLICK]
  • If we combine University Campus and Cyber-bullying with AND [CLICK]
  • Mention search strategy worksheets
  • -~420 Chemical Agents -~20 Radiological Agents -CDC Category A Biological Agents
  • Mention search strategy worksheets
  • Make point about key safety literature not being indexed
  • Mention search strategy worksheets
  • Currency How recent is the information? How recently has the website been updated? Is it current enough for your topic? Reliability What kind of information is included in the resource? Is content of the resource primarily opinion? Is is balanced? Does the creator provide references or sources for data or quotations? Authority Who is the creator or author? What are the credentials? Who is the published or sponsor? Are they reputable? What is the publisher ’ s interest (if any) in this information? Are there advertisements on the website? Purpose/Point of View Is this fact or opinion? the creator/author trying to sell you something? Is it biased?
  • Currency How recent is the information? How recently has the website been updated? Is it current enough for your topic? Reliability What kind of information is included in the resource? Is content of the resource primarily opinion? Is is balanced? Does the creator provide references or sources for data or quotations? Authority Who is the creator or author? What are the credentials? Who is the published or sponsor? Are they reputable? What is the publisher ’ s interest (if any) in this information? Are there advertisements on the website? Purpose/Point of View Is this fact or opinion? the creator/author trying to sell you something? Is it biased?
  • Evidence-Based Emergency Management - Part 1

    1. 1. Evidence-Based Emergency Management Part 1: Introduction to Searching the Safety Literature Robin Featherstone, MLIS Julie Jones, MLIS Life Sciences Library Humanities & Social Sciences Libraryrobin.featherstone@mcgill.ca julie.jones@mcgill.ca Course website: http://www.mcgill.ca/library/library- findinfo/subjects/humanities/disaster-emergency- management
    2. 2. Should emergency management be evidence-based?
    3. 3. Agenda• Intro to EBEM• Question formation and Boolean• Intro to Safety Literature• WISER -- 10 min BREAK –• Library catalogue• EBSCO databases• Google Scholar• Grey literature -- 10 min BREAK --• Evaluating the evidence• Summary• Homework instructions• Hands-on searching
    4. 4. Evidence-Based Medicine Process Formulating Evaluating the clinical the Process question Your patient for whom you are uncertain about therapy, diagnosis, or Searching the Incorporating prognosis Evidence evidence into decision-making Appraising the Evidence
    5. 5. Evidence-Based Emergency Management Process Formulating Evaluating the question the Process Workshop 1Workshop 2 For assistance planning for, responding to, or recovering from an Searching the Incorporating emergency or disaster Evidence evidence into decision-making Workshop 1Workshop 2 Evaluating the Evidence Workshop 1
    6. 6. EBEM Program ObjectivesAt the end of the EBEM program, you will beable to:1.Describe the body of emergency management literature2.Develop an effective strategy for locating and monitoringevidence-based emergency management literature3.Identify, based upon critical appraisal of researchmethodologies, best practices in emergency management4.Share with peers relevant evidence to inform thedevelopment, evaluation and modification of services andprograms offered through University Safety
    7. 7. Introduction to searching the safety literature – course objectivesAt the end of this course, you will be able to:1.Differentiate between "grey literature" and indexed literature2.Name three sources to search for safety literature3.Correctly use simple Boolean operators: AND, OR4.Apply simple limits (date range, language, publication type)5.Locate books using the McGill Library catalogue6.Utilize the C.R.A.P. test to evaluate information
    8. 8. Formulating the Question
    9. 9. Case ScenarioRecently, a student committed suicide followingan incident of cyber-bullying. Public opinion, asreported in the local media, suggest that theuniversity should have intervened. Anadministrator asks you to develop an action planfor preventing cyber-bullying on campus.
    10. 10. Why do you need to formulate a question? What question(s) could you ask with the cyber-bullying scenario?
    11. 11. How questions influence search High = results lots of articles Broad QuestionsRetrieval(# of searchresults) Narrow Questions Low = very few articles Low = mostly High = directly irrelevant articles Relevancy relevant articles
    12. 12. What are best practices for preventing cyber-bullying at a university? What are the key concepts in this question?
    13. 13. Developing a Search Strategy
    14. 14. university cyber- bullying prevent
    15. 15. university OR cyber-bullying University Cyber- bullying
    16. 16. University Campus AND Cyber-bullying university cyber- bullying
    17. 17. university AND cyber-bullying AND prevent university cyber- bullying How do you combine these three concepts in a search to answer the question: what are best practices for preventing cyber-bullying on a university prevent campus?
    18. 18. university OR cyber-bullying OR prevent university cyber- bullying What if I combined with OR? prevent
    19. 19. Search strategy: What are best practices for preventing cyber-bullying on a university campus? Concept #1 Concept #2 Concept #3 AND ANDOR universit* cyber-bull* prevent*OR social media bull* mitigat*
    20. 20. How to search• Start with your first concept universit*• Combine any synonyms with OR universit* OR college*• Repeat for your second, third, and subsequent concepts cyber-bull* OR “computer crime*” prevent* OR mitigat*• Finally, combine large search results sets with AND(universit* OR college*) AND (cyber-bull* OR “computer crime”) AND (prevent* OR mitigat*)
    21. 21. Introduction to the Safety Literature
    22. 22. Filtered Information •Synthesized guidelines •Systematic reviewsScholarly Literature•“Peer-reviewed” journal articles•Indexed articles and booksOther Indexed Publications•News articles•Trade magazine articles “Grey Literature” •Organizational reports •Training and workshop materials •Conference proceedings •Blog entries
    23. 23. WISER •For HazMat (hazardous materials) / CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear) events •Designed for: First responders (fire fighters), HazMat teams, EMS/Paramedics, Emergency Department personnel •Web-based or downloadable app http://wiser.nlm.nih.gov
    24. 24. WISERIncludes:• Substance characteristics/properties• Department of Transportation (DOT) Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) data: Fire-fighting procedures, safe protective distance, etc.• Human health/medical treatment dataFeatures/Capabilities• Chemical identification support – via chemical properties, signs/symptoms, transportation, etc.• Safe protective distance mapping – GIS
    25. 25. WISER Exercise1. Search WISER http://wiser.nlm.nih.gov/ to answer the question:What type of personal protective equipment (PPE) & protective distance is required for a large spill of xylenes?
    26. 26. Break – 10 Mins
    27. 27. Can you find this book in the Library Catalogue?Coombs, W. T. (2007). Ongoingcrisis communication: Planning,managing, and responding. LosAngeles: SAGE Publications.
    28. 28. How are these different?
    29. 29. “Peer-review”?
    30. 30. Searching indexed literature• Sample search in in Academic Search Complete:What are emerging trends in communication strategies during campus emergencies?
    31. 31. Academic Search CompleteExercise• Search Academic Search Complete for information to assist you in answering this question:What are current best practices for preventing sexual assaults on campus?Email at least one relevant article to yourself.
    32. 32. Not finding enough information in your chosen database?• Try other keywords and synonyms – the research process is iterative.• Try another database or source.• These searching skills are transferable – you will use versions of them everywhere that you search.
    33. 33. Searching Google Scholar
    34. 34. Searching Google Scholar
    35. 35. Google Scholar exercise• Search Google Scholar for information to assist you in answering this question:What are some of the limitations and concerns with current Mass Notification Systems?Choose one pertinent article that you want to read. Can you access the full-text? Has it been cited by other articles?
    36. 36. “Grey Literature”"Information produced on all levels ofgovernment, academics, business, andindustry in electronic and print formats, butwhich is not controlled by commercialpublishing, i.e. where publishing is not theprimary activity of the producing body."http://www.greynet.org/greynethome.html
    37. 37. Grey literature• Reports, working papers, cases studies, etc. produced by institutions, governmental and non-governmental organizations, and research groups.• Grey literature is often produced by people “on the ground” or “in the field”.
    38. 38. Grey literature• More of the emergency management information will be found in the grey literature than in indexed, academic sources.• Important to use a combination of source types so you have a full picture of the best available evidence.
    39. 39. Searching for Grey literature• Google• IGO Search• Carleton University’s Canadian Government Publications Search• NLM’s Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health• Professional association, organization, research centre, government websites
    40. 40. Grey literature exercise• Search the Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health and another Grey Literature source of your choice for information to assist you in answering this question:What are best practices for dealing with a flood on a university campus?
    41. 41. Break – 10 Mins
    42. 42. How do you decide whether or not to use the evidence you’ve found?
    43. 43. Is it C.R.A.P.?Currency How recent is the information? How recently has the website been updated? Is it current enough for yourincluded? What kind of information is topic?Reliability Is content of the resource primarily opinion? Who is the author? Is it balanced? What are their credentials? Does the creator provide references?Authority Who is the publisher or sponsor? Are they reputable? What is the publisher’s interest?Purpose / Point of view Are there advertisements? Is this fact or opinion? Is the author trying to sell you something? Is it biased?
    44. 44. Is it C.R.A.P.?1. http://www.securitymagazine.com/articles/c ampus-communications-12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/P MC2631455/?tool=pubmed3. http://campus- safety.blogspot.ca/2010/01/how-much-is- enough-to-spend-on-mass.html
    45. 45. Summary1. Where would you look to find a government report?2. What are three sources you can search for safety literature?3. How do you combine synonymous search concepts?4. How do you reduce the number of search results?5. Where would you look to find a book on pre-crisis planning?6. What does C.R.A.P. stand for?
    46. 46. Homework• Formulate a question related to your work• Search the evidence to find one article/report/website/etc. that best answers your question• Evaluate the evidence using the C.R.A.P. test• Prepare a 5 minute presentation for next Thursday – What did you pick? Who wrote it? What did you learn from it? What is its C.R.A.P score? How will it influence your work at McGill?
    47. 47. Questions & Practice

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