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Diseño de un plan de proyecto

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Está presentación ha sido hecha por Lynda Drennan, quién nos está ayudando a desarrollar cooperativas en zonas rurales de África para poder establecer sistemas financieros que les puedan ayudar.

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Diseño de un plan de proyecto

  1. 1. Project PlanLynda Drennan Swenson Volunteer in Africa CNFA/CODESPA Madrid Spain April 10, 2012
  2. 2. Agenda• Association/Cooperative Mission Statement• Association/Cooperative Vision Statement• Strategies to move from Mission to Vision
  3. 3. Agenda• Elements of the Project Plan • Summary • Description of the Association/Cooperative • Products and Revenue – current and potential • Customers – current and potential • Project Strategy and Implementation • Financial Statements and Analysis
  4. 4. Project Plan Financials1) If the plan involves construction of a structure: • Material Costs • Labor Costs (“sweat equity” from Association) • Timeline with critical path elements • “Useful life” to determine depreciation expense2) If the plan involves the purchase of a structure: • Rehabilitation Costs (materials and/or labor) • Timeline with critical path elements • “Useful life” to determine depreciation expense
  5. 5. Project Plan Financials1) If the plan involves the purchase of equipment or vehicles: • Determine the cost • Timeline with critical path elements • “Useful life” to determine depreciation expense
  6. 6. Project Plan Financials1) Determine if outside financing is required: • Source (commercial bank, SACCOS, NGO, etc) • Amount of financing required (initial, early operational period, etc) • Term of financing • Interest rate • Repayment Structure
  7. 7. Project Plan Financials1) Estimate Operating Expenses: Indirect/fixed Expenses • Labor costs (“sweat equity”?) • Utilities • Insurance and government regulations • Transportation • Other
  8. 8. Project Plan Financials1) Estimate Operating Expenses continued Direct/Variable Expenses • Cost of Goods Sold • Materials Costs • Labor Costs (“sweat equity”?) • Transportation • Other
  9. 9. Project Plan Financials1) Create unit costs at volume levels • Cap Ex (if construction or purchase of structure, equipment, vehicles, etc) • Fixed Costs • Variable Costs (constant unless volume discounts)2) Record and analyze market prices of products involved in project (average and variation)
  10. 10. Project Plan Financials1) Actual sales and revenue of members – current and potential2) If not available, estimate value: 1. Number of members producing 2. Number of bags/units sold per member 3. Multiply 1 X 2 4. Selling price per bag/unit 5. Multiply 3 X 4
  11. 11. Project Plan Financials1) Analyze breakeven volumes relative to potential prices/cost structures2) Create a time line for operations • Activities which will occur each month • Revenue which will occur each month • Expenses which will occur each month • Loan payments which will occur each month • Net Cash Flow which will occur each month (+/-) • Accumulation of Cash which will occur each month
  12. 12. Project Plan Financials1) Financial feasibility in short and long term2) Non financial impact in short and long term

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