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Grade 12 global outreach malitrition presentation final

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Grade 12 global outreach malitrition presentation final

  1. 1. Mali-tritionWinnie, Mathusha, and Florence of Global Outreach In partnership with Doctors Without Borders
  2. 2. Hunger Discomfort or weakness is felt due to a lack of foodMalnutrition Insufficient/unbalanced amount necessary nutrient Impaired utilization of nutrients
  3. 3. Mali, Africa  Population: 13 million  11% of population undernourished
  4. 4. Causes - Poverty 69% below national poverty line Cannot afford basic necessities
  5. 5. Causes – Environmental factors Spiked food prices due to impact to harvests that were necessary for people who relied on it
  6. 6. Causes – Political Conflict Conflict between Malian army and armed groups Displaced 250000 people since beginning of 2012 Refugees arrive in:  Drought affected areas  Lack of infrastructure  Poor accessibility for aid organizations  Lack of electricity
  7. 7. Prevalence of Children Over 1 million lives of children at rick due to severe malnutrition 38% of children under the age of 5 suffering from chronic malnutrition
  8. 8. Effects - Wasting Substantial weight loss Result of nutritional deficits or acute illness, especially diarrhea 23% children aged under 3 are wasted or too thin for their height Stunting: shortness for age
  9. 9. Effects of Nutritional Deficiencies Without sufficient calories and nutrition, immune functions a greatly affected Fever and malaria account for 48% of all illness cases Diarrhea accounts for 2%
  10. 10. Effects - Health Appear fatigue and have low energy Underweight Stunted growth Weakened muscles Bloated stomachs Fragile bones Improper organ functions Malnourished pregnant woman is at great risk of an underweight child with a lower chance of survival
  11. 11. Effects - Death 25% of Malian children die before age of 5 due to hunger or malnutrition 57% of deaths among children related to malnutrition
  12. 12. Activity
  13. 13. Goal 1: Stats: Population living undernourished - 1991: 2 million - 2006: 2 million Percentage of population living under $1 a day - 1990: 86.1% - 2006: 51.4% Target:  Halve proportion of people who suffer from hunger  Halve proportion of people who suffer from poverty
  14. 14. Goal 4: Target:  Reduce by 2/3, under-five mortality rate Stats: Under 5 mortality rate: - 1990: 259.7/1000 - 2009: 191.1/1000 Infant mortality rate: - 1990: 139/1000 - 2009: 101/1000
  15. 15. Goal 8:Target: Address the special needs Deal with debt problems Provide affordable essential drugs
  16. 16. Doctors Without Borders Since 1984 Currently 360 staff in Mali (2011) Admit over 800 severely malnourished children every 3 months consistently
  17. 17. Kanagaba, Koulikoro region  Free basic healthcare to 6500 people  2012 plans: offering antimalarial drugs
  18. 18. Koutiala region  53000 children treated  20000 paediatric consolations  1700 children with supplementary food
  19. 19. Mali: the Koutiala Pediatric Project http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sYAF7bGV5wM

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