Cigarette Smoking: The Basic Facts• Cigarette smoking is the single most preventable cause of death in the United States• 20% of all deaths in the United States are a result of smoking
Holistic effects of smoking• Mental health- Impairs the ability to concentrate and relax• Family and Social Health- Smoke from a cigarette can harm those in the same room. Cancer risk can rise as much as 50%
Holistic effects of smoking• Growth and Development-• Pregnant women who smoke have higher rates of:• Miscarriage• Stillborn babies• Premature birth• Low birth-weight babies• Babies who die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
Holistic effects of smoking• Nutrition- harms taste buds and impairs the sense of taste
MAJOR EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON FITNESS• High levels of carbon monoxide from smoking reduce the amount of oxygen absorbed into the blood from the lungs.• Carbon monoxide in the blood also reduces the amount of oxygen that is released from the blood into the muscles.
Major effects of smoking on Fitness• Smoke inhalation has an immediate effect on respiration, increasing airway resistance and therefore the amount of oxygen absorbed into the blood.
Major effects of smoking on Fitness• Smoking causes chronic ( or long-term ) swelling of mucous membranes, which also lead to increased airways resistance.
Nicotine and Addiction• Nicotine is a stimulant that speeds up the activity of the central nervous system, the heart, and other organs.
NicotineWhen tobacco is smoked, nicotine enters the lungs, where it is immediately absorbed into the bloodstream. Seconds later, the nicotine reaches the brain. Chemical changes begin to take place.
Nicotine and Cigarettes Effects on the Body System
Central Nervous System• Changes brain-wave patterns
Respiratory System• Allows harmful gases and particles to settle in air passages• Causes hacking cough• Causes shortness of breath
Cardiovascular System• Increases heart rate• Increases blood pressure• Increases volume of blood pumped per beat• Increases force of heart contractions
Cardiovascular System• Increases coronary blood flow• Increases blood flow to skeletal muscles• Narrows blood vessels in skin• Narrows veins
Long Term Effects of Tobacco• Cardiovascular Disease –• A smoker is three times more likely to suffer a heart attack than is a nonsmoker.• A heart attack is five to ten times more likely to kill a smoker than a nonsmoker.
Respiratory Disease• Chronic Bronchitis –• A condition in which the bronchial tubes become swollen and clogged with mucus
Respiratory Disease• Emphysema –• A breathing disorder in which the small air sacs in the lungs lose their ability to expand and contract.
Cancer• Cancer is an area of uncontrolled cell growth that invades the surrounding tissues and destroys it.• Lung Cancer –• The leading cause of death from cancer in the United States.