The Bible as a Whole


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Bibliology, Lesson 1

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  • 2 Timothy 3:16-17: “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.” 1 Timothy 3:16, “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in the flesh, justified by the Spirit, seen by angels, preached among the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.” Written by 40 authors from every walk of life including kings, peasants, philosophers, fishermen, poets, statesman, scholars: Moses-a political leader; Peter-a fisherman; Joshua-a military general; Luke-a doctor; Matthew-a tax collector; Paul-a rabbi Written on 3 continents: Asia, Africa, and Europe Yet ONE unfolding story from Genesis to Revelation: “God’s redemption of mankind.”
  • The Bible as a Whole

    1. 1. The Bible as a Whole <ul><li>God’s written revelation of His will to man. 2 Timothy 3:16-17 </li></ul><ul><li>Central theme – Jesus Christ 1 Timothy 3:16 </li></ul><ul><li>Contains 66 Books </li></ul><ul><li>Written by 40 Authors </li></ul><ul><li>Spans 1600 years </li></ul>
    2. 2. Language of the Bible <ul><li>The Old Testament was written in Hebrew </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(some short passages in Aramaic) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The New Testament was written in Greek. </li></ul><ul><li>Our modern Bible is a translation of these languages. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Why is the Bible divided between the Old and the New Testament? <ul><li>“ Testament” means “covenant or agreement.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Old Testament is a covenant God made with man about his relationship before Christ came. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The New Testament is the agreement God made with man about the relationship with the Father after Christ came. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Old Testament is a covenant of the law. </li></ul><ul><li>The New Testament is a covenant of grace. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare Galatians 3:19 – 25; 3:13-14. </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Galatians 3:19-25 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of a mediator. 20 Now a mediator does not mediate for one only, but God is one. 21 Is the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not! For if there had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness would have been by the law. 22 But the Scripture has confined all under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. 23 But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed. 24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith . 25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Gal 3:13-14 </li></ul><ul><li>13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”), 14 that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Divisions of the Bible <ul><li>Old Testament 39 books </li></ul><ul><li>17 Historical (5 Law, 12 Historical) </li></ul><ul><li>5 Personal/ Experiential (Poetry) </li></ul><ul><li>17 Prophetical (5 Major, 12 Minor) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Divisions of the Bible Cont. <ul><li>New Testament 27 books </li></ul><ul><li>5 Foundational (Gospels, Acts) </li></ul><ul><li>21 Epistles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>14 Paul </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>9 to church </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5 Pastoral </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 General </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1 Prophecy ( The Revelation) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Facts About the Bible <ul><li>1,189 Chapters </li></ul><ul><li>31,373 Verses </li></ul><ul><li>775,693 Words in King James Version </li></ul><ul><li>Psalm 119 – Longest Chapter </li></ul><ul><li>Psalm 117 – Shortest Chapter </li></ul><ul><li>Psalms – Longest Book in the Old Testament </li></ul><ul><li>Luke – Longest Book in the New Testament </li></ul>