Christology 1 (Exposition of John 1)

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Bible Basics, Todd Linn, First Baptist Church Henderson KY, Christology 1

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Christology 1 (Exposition of John 1)

  1. 1. MEN’S BREAKFAST • This Saturday morning, 7:30 AM • Guest Speaker: Harrell Riley, HR Ministries, Princeton KY
  2. 2. BIBLE BASICSBIBLE BASICS (A Study in Systematic Theology)(A Study in Systematic Theology)
  3. 3. CHRISTOLOGYCHRISTOLOGY (The Study of Jesus Christ)(The Study of Jesus Christ)
  4. 4. CHRISTOLOGYCHRISTOLOGY (The Study of Jesus Christ)(The Study of Jesus Christ) CHRISTOLOGYCHRISTOLOGY (The Study of Jesus Christ)(The Study of Jesus Christ) HisHis PersonPerson (The(The ontologicalontological dimension)dimension) (Who He(Who He isis)) HisHis PersonPerson (The(The ontologicalontological dimension)dimension) (Who He(Who He isis)) HisHis WorkWork (The(The functionalfunctional dimension)dimension) (What He(What He doesdoes)) HisHis WorkWork (The(The functionalfunctional dimension)dimension) (What He(What He doesdoes))
  5. 5. TheThe PersonPerson of Christof Christ Full DeityFull Deity Full HumanityFull Humanity (Two Natures / One Personality)(Two Natures / One Personality)
  6. 6. Hypostatic UnionHypostatic Union (Two natures / one person)(Two natures / one person) Q: How much of Jesus Christ isQ: How much of Jesus Christ is GodGod?? A: 100%A: 100% Q: How much of Jesus Christ isQ: How much of Jesus Christ is manman?? A: 100%A: 100%
  7. 7. TheThe WorkWork of Christof Christ SinlessSinless LifeLife VicariousVicarious DeathDeath (substitutionary)(substitutionary) Bodily ResurrectionBodily Resurrection
  8. 8. AA VERYVERY Brief History ofBrief History of Christology . . .Christology . . .  . . . Tracing the. . . Tracing the development of thedevelopment of the teaching of theteaching of the hypostatic union . .hypostatic union . .
  9. 9. Christology in the Church CouncilsChristology in the Church Councils (the development of the doctrine of the hypostatic union)(the development of the doctrine of the hypostatic union) ERROR AGAINSTERROR AGAINST DEITYDEITY CHURCH POSITIONCHURCH POSITION ERROR AGAINSTERROR AGAINST HUMANITYHUMANITY Arius—Christ is aArius—Christ is a created beingcreated being Nicea, 325 AD—ChristNicea, 325 AD—Christ is eternal and truly Godis eternal and truly God Constantinople, 381—Constantinople, 381— full manhood of Christfull manhood of Christ is affirmedis affirmed Apollinarius—dominantApollinarius—dominant logos over thelogos over the humanityhumanity Nestorius—Christ isNestorius—Christ is two natures in atwo natures in a mechanical unionmechanical union Ephesus, 431—unity ofEphesus, 431—unity of Christ’s personality isChrist’s personality is affirmedaffirmed Chalcedon, 451—Chalcedon, 451— orthodox Christologyorthodox Christology established: twoestablished: two natures in one personnatures in one person Eutyches—divineEutyches—divine nature swallows up thenature swallows up the human naturehuman nature
  10. 10. The Definition of ChalcedonThe Definition of Chalcedon (451 AD)(451 AD)  ““Therefore, following the holy fathers, we all withTherefore, following the holy fathers, we all with one accord teach men to acknowledge one andone accord teach men to acknowledge one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, at oncethe same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, at once complete in Godhead and complete in manhood,complete in Godhead and complete in manhood, truly God and truly man . . . one and the sametruly God and truly man . . . one and the same Christ . . . recognized in two natures, withoutChrist . . . recognized in two natures, without confusion, without change, without division,confusion, without change, without division, without separation; the distinction of natureswithout separation; the distinction of natures being in no way annulled by the union . . .”being in no way annulled by the union . . .”
  11. 11. The Westminster Confession of FaithThe Westminster Confession of Faith (1643-1646)(1643-1646)  ““The Son of God, the second Person in theThe Son of God, the second Person in the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of oneTrinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance, and equal with the Father, did, whensubstance, and equal with the Father, did, when the fullness of time was come, take upon himthe fullness of time was come, take upon him man’s nature, with all the essential propertiesman’s nature, with all the essential properties and common infirmities thereof, yet withoutand common infirmities thereof, yet without sin . . . so that the two whole, perfect and distinctsin . . . so that the two whole, perfect and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, werenatures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person,inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion.without conversion, composition, or confusion. Which person is very God and very man, yet oneWhich person is very God and very man, yet one Christ, the only Mediator between God andChrist, the only Mediator between God and man.”man.”
  12. 12. . . .Time for a Gary. . .Time for a Gary Larson slide . . .Larson slide . . .
  13. 13. Four Great ChristologicalFour Great Christological Passages:Passages: 1.1. John 1:1-18; 8:58; 14:6John 1:1-18; 8:58; 14:6 2.2. Philippians 2:5-11Philippians 2:5-11 3.3. Colossians 1:13-20; 2:9-10Colossians 1:13-20; 2:9-10 4.4. Hebrews 1:1-3; 5-14; 2:5-18Hebrews 1:1-3; 5-14; 2:5-18
  14. 14. John 1:1-18John 1:1-18
  15. 15. 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God.  TheThe pre-existencepre-existence of Christof Christ
  16. 16. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.  God’s agent in creation
  17. 17. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.  He isHe is lifelife (spiritual life)(spiritual life)  He isHe is lightlight (John 8:12)(John 8:12)
  18. 18. 6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 This man came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all through him might believe. 8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light. 9 That was the true Light which gives light to every man coming into the world.  John the Baptist, the forerunnerJohn the Baptist, the forerunner
  19. 19. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him.  The Jews (His own) did not receive Him.The Jews (His own) did not receive Him.
  20. 20. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.  Salvation is not automatic: receive, believeSalvation is not automatic: receive, believe  Children of God a privilege.Children of God a privilege.  Not by blood (family), nor of the will ofNot by blood (family), nor of the will of flesh (works), but of God (grace).flesh (works), but of God (grace).
  21. 21. 14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.  ““Dwelt” or, “Pitched His tent.” Like God’sDwelt” or, “Pitched His tent.” Like God’s presence in the OT tabernacle.presence in the OT tabernacle.  ““only begotten” means “unique.”only begotten” means “unique.”
  22. 22. 15 John bore witness of Him and cried out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me is preferred before me, for He was before me.’ ” 16 And of His fullness we have all received, and grace for grace. 17 For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.  Verse 15 from NEB, “Before I was born, He alreadyVerse 15 from NEB, “Before I was born, He already was.”was.”  ““grace for grace” like, “wave after wave of His grace”grace for grace” like, “wave after wave of His grace”
  23. 23. 18 No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.  ““declared” is “exegesis”: to unfold throughdeclared” is “exegesis”: to unfold through teaching: to “draw out.”teaching: to “draw out.”  Christ “brought God out” and made HimChrist “brought God out” and made Him understandable to us.understandable to us.  John 14:9.John 14:9.
  24. 24. A Concluding Illustration of OurA Concluding Illustration of Our Being Identified with ChristBeing Identified with Christ ““But since my Savior stands between,But since my Savior stands between, Who shed His precious blood,Who shed His precious blood, ‘‘Tis He, instead of me is seen,Tis He, instead of me is seen, When I approach to God.”When I approach to God.” ––John Newton (1725-1807)John Newton (1725-1807)

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