Presentation in Tokyo


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Presentation in Tokyo

  1. 1. Tokyo, October 2006 Presentation Fernando Barrientos del Monte October 4, 2006 Presentation in Tokyo, Japan
  2. 2. Tokyo, October 2006 Fernando Barrientos del Monte University of Bologna, Italy Scholarship Recipient of Japan-IDB Scholarchips Program Program 2004-2005 Master in International Relations Europe Latin America European Center for the Study of Democratisation University of Bologna, Italy Mexican, Political Scientist National Autonomuos University of Mexico, UNAM Professor in Contemporary Latin American Politics at UNAM Assistant Researcher at FLACSO Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences, Mexico City
  3. 3. Tokyo, October 2006 Fernando Barrientos del Monte I would like to share with you some brief information about my country, Mexico. National Autonomous University of Mexico 1. Its History 2. Its Culture 3. Current Political and Economic Situation 4. About my Master’s Thesis, what I try to contribute to the understanding of the democratization process in Latin America
  4. 4. Tokyo, October 2006 Fernando Barrientos del Monte Brief History of Mexico <ul><li>More than two thousand years of rich history </li></ul>MEXICO <ul><li>A site of advanced Mesoamerican civilizations: </li></ul>Olmecs, Mayans, Toltecs, Teotihuacans, Aztecs <ul><li>1521, Empire Aztec finished under the power </li></ul>of Spanish Conquers <ul><li>300 year-long colonial period of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>In the earliest 16th century, the Aztecs dominated </li></ul>almost half of the territory of Mexico
  5. 5. Tokyo, October 2006 Fernando Barrientos del Monte Brief History of Mexico <ul><li>Independence war started in 1810, ended in 1821 </li></ul><ul><li>19th century: period of social and political instability </li></ul><ul><li>1847-1848, Mexico lost half of its territory in a war </li></ul>against to United States of America <ul><li>1876-1910 Dictatorship period: “Porfiriato” </li></ul><ul><li>1910, the Mexican Revolution exploded </li></ul><ul><li>1917, New Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>1929-2000, Mexico was dominated by </li></ul>a single political party: PRI <ul><li>2000, PAN won the Presidential Election </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tokyo, October 2006 Fernando Barrientos del Monte Cultural Diversity in Mexico <ul><li>Mexico boasts a wealth of Regional Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a Multicultural Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Blend of Indigenous and Spanish traditions </li></ul><ul><li>11% of Mexican inhabitants are Indigenous </li></ul><ul><li>More than 62 indigenous groups: </li></ul>Tzoziles, Tojolabales, Nahuas, Zapotecos, Mixtecos, etc. <ul><li>The “Day of the Dead”: a pre-Hispanic religious party </li></ul>today is celebrated under the Catholic Church rites One of the best exampling of the blending traditions
  7. 7. Tokyo, October 2006 Fernando Barrientos del Monte Cultural Diversity in Mexico <ul><li>Cultural diversity of Mexico </li></ul>is reflected in a diversity of artistic manifestations: <ul><li>Mexican food, one of the most recognized food </li></ul>in the world <ul><li>Handcrafts </li></ul><ul><li>Tequila </li></ul><ul><li>The “Mariachi” Music </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Dances </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tokyo, October 2006 Fernando Barrientos del Monte Political and Economic Situation of Mexico México NAFTA Mercosur Japan APEC European Union Central America Free Trade Agreements of Mexico and the World Population: 107,029,000 hab. 13th in the world in regard to GDP Some data and statistics: 6th World-wide Petroleum Exporter Mexico is a Federal Republic 3 important political parties: National Action Party, PAN Presidencialism System Institutional Revolutionary Party, PRI Party of the Democratic Revolution , PRD
  9. 9. Tokyo, October 2006 Fernando Barrientos del Monte Historico-political development of Latin America and Stein Rokkan’s Theory <ul><li>Stein Rokkan, one of the most important </li></ul>political scientists in the European postwar <ul><li>Democratic Process Theory: Two models </li></ul>1. The Four-Stage Model Of Democracy <ul><li>Legitimatization (of the opposition) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the interactions between: </li></ul>The Institutional and the Organizational variations <ul><li>Provides us with elements to interpret the survival or crash </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporation (the increase stages of suffrage) </li></ul><ul><li>Representation (access mechanisms to the…) </li></ul><ul><li>Executive power (access mechanisms to the…) </li></ul>2. Structure of Fractures and the Party System <ul><li>Kinds and dimensions of fractures </li></ul><ul><li>Critic Junctures, and fractures </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances and oppositions model </li></ul><ul><li>Central systems of parties </li></ul>of democracies from such interactions <ul><li>From this theory, I analyzed the democratization process in </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America focusing on Brazil, Mexico, Argentina and Chile </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of party systems do not reflect </li></ul><ul><li>the social fractures systems existing in certain societies </li></ul><ul><li>The four stages of democratization emerge </li></ul><ul><li>at different non linear moments </li></ul><ul><li>The problems of the consolidation of the democracy were </li></ul><ul><li>also consequence of the mismatch between </li></ul><ul><li>the party system and the fracture system </li></ul>
  10. 10. My works on Internet: Thanks for your attention Tokyo, October 2006 Fernando Barrientos del Monte I am author of some articles and papers about Electoral Systems in Latin America, and Analysis of Electronic Vote Systems