Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.A&P 2


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Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.A&P 2

  1. 1. By: Fatimo Solomon.
  2. 2. What is diabetes mellitus? o It is the most common form of diabetes caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize. What is diabetes insipidus?? o It is a rare form of diabetes caused by a deficiency of the pituitary hormone that causes frequent urination.
  3. 3.  Symptoms of diabetes mellitus can include; Hunger, sweating, shaking, Weakness etc..  Symptoms of diabetes insipidus can include; excessive amount of fluid intake and frequent urination etc..
  4. 4. Diagnostic procedures for diabetes mellitus may include:  Blood test. Diagnostic procedures for diabetes insipidus may include:  urine tests  blood tests  water deprivation test (to observe if dehydration occurs).
  5. 5.  To understand diabetes, it is important to first understand the normal process by which food is broken down and used by the body for energy  Since insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes mellitus can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.  Diabetes insipidus is caused by many problems related to the antidiuretic hormone or its receptor and causes frequent urination.
  6. 6.  Modifying eating habits and increasing physical activity are typically the first steps toward reducing blood sugar levels.  Using multiple insulin injections can also help to maintain blood sugar levels.  medications taken in pill form may be prescribed.
  7. 7. Treating diabetes insipidus depends on what is causing the disease. Specific treatment for diabetes insipidus will be determined by your physician based on:  your age, overall health, and medical history extent of the disease  your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies  expectations for the course of the disease your opinion or preference  Treatment may include modified antidiuretic hormone drugs administered either as injections, pills, or intranasal spray.
  8. 8.  1) Central diabetes insipidus.  2) Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.  3) Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus.  4) Gestational diabetes insipidus. There are two different types of diabetes mellitus .  Type 1.  Type 2.
  9. 9.  The differences between this two is that Diabetes insipidus causes kidney failure while diabetes mellitus results from insulin deficiency or resistance leading to high blood glucose.  Diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus are unrelated, although they can have similar signs and symptoms, like excessive thirst and excessive urination.