Types of sentences

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Types of sentences

  1. 1. “A group of words , usually containing a verb, which expresses a thought in the form of a statement ,question, instruction or exclamination and starts with a capital letter when written”
  2. 2. There are four types of sentences: 1. Simple sentence 2. Compound sentence 3. Complex sentence 4. Complex compound sentence
  3. 3. “A simple sentence is composed of a single Independent clause ,contains a Subject and a Verb, and. it expresses a complete thought.” EXAMPLE : We had a great visit to Paris and Berlin last September.
  4. 4. “ A compound sentence is composed of two or more Independent clauses which may be connected by a Coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet) and are always preceded by a comma .” EXAMPLE: Ali played foot ball, so Sarah went shopping.
  5. 5. “ A complex sentence is composed of one Independent clause (the main clause) and one or more Dependent clauses.” EXAMPLE While we were walking through the Louvre, we suddenly met our neighbor John and his family. [dependent adverb clause starting with while; independent clause starting with we]
  6. 6. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as ( because, since, after, although or when etc) or relative pronoun ( that ,who or which etc). Sentence containing Adjective clauses are also complex sentences. EXAMPLE: The town where I grew up is in Pakistan.
  7. 7. “A compound-complex sentence combines a Compound sentence with a Complex sentence. It contains two or more Independent clauses and one or more Dependent clauses.”
  8. 8. EXAMPLE: While we were walking through the Louvre, we suddenly met our neighbor John with his family, and all of us went out for lunch . [Dependent clause starting with while; independent clause starting with we; independent clause starting with all of us]

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