LESSON PLANTopic:SpeakingClass/level:High levelDuration of Class:60 minuteNumber of Students:ThirtyLanguage Skill:Speaking skill Fluency and confidence level.Method:Direct MethodMaterial provided:HandoutsAudio/ Visual Aids:Charts, pictures, whiteboard, flash cardsClass Formation:Divide whole class in Pairs or Groups
Expected Problems to students:There are a number of problems which the students can face while doing learning this skill whichare as following: Learners may have difficulty in understanding the instructions given by teacher. May all the learners will not be able to answer all the comprehension questions. Some learners will be unable to utter a dialogue completely and accurately. Many non native speakers will find it difficult to manage speed and agility of response while talking to strangers. Students sometimes find difficulties while speaking as they think much about grammar. They think they must speak grammatically correct all the time. It disturbs them to speak, so most of them prefer to remain silent instead of answering in a wrong sentence. Some learners may feel shy and never give answers in target language.Aims and objectives:The goal of teaching speaking skills is to improve communicative efficiency. By learning theseskills the students will be able to: Avoid confusion in the message due to faulty pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary. Observe the social and cultural rules that apply in each communication situation. Clarify their meaning or ask for confirmation of their own understanding. Practice using all of the language they know in situations that resemble real settings. Develop their sociolinguistic competence. The native language should not be used in class room; teacher and students use the target language in classroom. The syllabus based on situations or topic, not usually on linguistic structures.
Procedure:Warm up and brainstorm: in this session the teacher will first give a listening exercise tothe students by making them attentive to hear a dialogue and a pattern of speaking between twoor three persons. By listen all this, students will come to know that how they have to act and dorole plays with their fellow beings. Furthermore teacher will ask about the experiences oflearners while communicating with others in the specific situation. Meanwhile the teacher willalso distribute the flash cards on which instructions and cues are given.Presentation: After listening to the dialogue, the students will emphasize upon the flash cards on whichinstructions are given to them related to the role plays. The students will make completesentences in their minds. The students will make their fellow beings to listen to their dialogues.Teacher will give the instructions regarding the vocabulary needed for the task further on.Practice: The students will now imagine themselves as they are actors and active members of thesociety according to different roles. With the help of instructions written on the card the studentswill utter different dialogues and will play their role. Students will now start practicing thedialogues with the other fellows. Teacher will instruct the students to complete their dialoguesaccording to the role which they have to adopt. So this activity is very helpful for learners tocommunicate fluently and confidently. In this way their way of communication and speakingwill improve. ActivityShopping for a SweaterShopkeeper: Can I help you?Customer: Yes, Im looking for a sweater.Shopkeeper: What size are you?
Customer: Im an extra large.Shopkeeper: How about this one?Customer: Yes, thats nice. Can I try it on?Shopkeeper: Certainly, theres the changing rooms over there.Customer: Thank you.Shopkeeper: How does it fit?Customer: Its too large. Do you have a large?Shopkeeper: Yes, here you are.Customer: Thank you. Ill have it, please.Shopkeeper: OK, how would you like to pay?Customer: Do you take credit cards?Shopkeeper: Yes, we do. Visa and Master Card too.Customer: OK, heres my Visa.Shopkeeper: Thank you. Have a nice day!Customer: Thank you, goodbye. After comprehending the situation and subject of their conversation, the students canattempt any activity. These activities will play a vital role to speak with people of differentprofessions in the society. Students speaking a foreign language often feel shy to convey theirmessages so such activities will help them to raise their level of confidence in order to speakfluently.Production: Through homework assignments or other independent assignments, students willdemonstrate whether or not they absorbed the lesson’s learning goals. Students will read certaindialogues at home and understand it by playing different assumed roles. The dialogue can bebetween a shopkeeper and a customer to purchase a new model of a cell phone. Practice of theseroles will enhance the ability of the learners to transact effectively.
Control ActivitiesActivity#1The following example of the quality of language that is sometimes produced as studentspractice in speaking functions of language. One student is playing the role of a doctor and theother a patient, and they are talking about a health problem. Students are given certain material tospeak up.S1: what is your age?S2: I’m thirty-four . . . thirty-five.S1: Thirty . . . five?S2: Five.S1: Problem?S2: I have . . . a pain in my backbone.S1: What do you have?S2: A pain.S1: What’s that?S2: A pain. A pain.S1: Ah, pain.S2: Yes, and it makes problem to me when I . . . sit or stand.S1: When do you have . . . ?
S1: Since yesterday morning.S1: No, I mean, where do you have the pain?It has a pain in . . . ?S2: In my backbone.S1: Ah. Let it . . . getting, er . . . worse. It can be, er . . . very serious problem and you are, youwill go to New York to operate, so . . . operation . . . the 3 January or in February. And aftertreatment you will be able to sit, stand, and walk and even to run.S2: ooh…….really even I will be able to run according to my wish?????S1: yeah, take a good care of yourself…. Activity#2Directions II1. Hey, Excuse me. Is there any shopping centre near here?2. Shopping centre…...errrrr…...Yes there are two shopping centers situated near here.1. How do I get there?2. At the traffic signals, take the first right and go straight on. Its on the right.1. Is it far?2. No not at all really. It’s near.1. Thank you.2. Dont mention it. Activity#3 Getting a home on rent: Manager: hello. How are you sir? Can I help you? Sameer: Hye I am fine, yes please, I want to take a home on rent
Manager: Would you like a single story home, or a double story home? Sameer: A single story home, please. How much is for home? Manager: Its 30000 per month. Sameer: Can I pay by credit card? Manager: Certainly. We take Visa and Master Card. Could you fill in this form, please? Sameer: Do you need my passport number? Manager: No, just your recent address and your signature. Sameer: (fills out the form) Here you are. Manager: Heres your key. Your house number is 114 in street 4 in Behria town. Sameer: Thank you. Manager: Thank you. If you need any type of more help you can contact me on my this number…..this is my card !good wishes and congrates. Guided ActivitiesCertain key words are given to students to speak up by using those words. Activity# 1Key VocabularyCan I see a menu?Here you areEnjoy your meal!Would you like ...Can I get you anything else?Id like the check, please.Thatll be2500rupee.Have a good day!Ordering a Meal1. Hi. How are you doing this afternoon?2. Fine, thank you. Can I see a menu, please?1. Certainly, here you are.
2. Thank you. Whats todays special?1. Fried rice and Chicken special.1. That sounds good. Ill have that.1. Would you like something to drink?2. Yes, Id like a coke.1. Thank you. (returning with the food) Here you are. Enjoy your meal!2. Thank you.1. Can I get you anything else?2. No thanks. Id like the check, please.1. Thatll be 2500rupee.2. Here you are. Keep the change!1. Thank you! Have a good day!2. Bye. Activity# 2Key Vocabulary Big City Electricity, account number, overcharged for the past month, sorry about the misunderstanding, Thank you for your help in clearing this up…Customer Service Representative: Hello, Big City Electricity, how may I help you today?Mr. Sameer: Im calling concerning my electricity bill.Customer Service Representative: May I have your account number?Mr. Sameer: Certainly, its 4392107.Customer Service Representative: Thank you, is this Mr.sameer?Mr. Sameer: Yes, this is Mr.sameerCustomer Service Representative: Thank you; what can I help you with?Mr. Sameer: I think Ive been overcharged for the past month.
Customer Service Representative: Im sorry to hear that. Why do you think we charged youtoo much?Mr. Sameer: The bill is 300% higher than last month.Customer Service Representative: Im sorry to hear that. Let me ask you a few questions andthen Ill see what I can do.Mr. Sameer: OK, Thank you for your help.Customer Service Representative: Of course, thank you for calling this to our attention. Now,how much do you usually pay for your electricity?Mr. Sameer: I usually pay about 500 rupee a month.Customer Service Representative: Thank you. And how much did we charge on this bill?Mr. Sameer: 15000 rupee. I cant understand why.Customer Service Representative: Yes, Mr. Sameer. Was your usage different in any way?Mr. Sameer: No, it was an average month.Customer Service Representative: Im sorry there certainly seems to be a mistake.Mr. Sameer: Well, Im happy you agree with me.Customer Service Representative: Ill contact a service representative to come out and checkyour meter. Whats your address Mr. Sameer?Mr. Sameer: 114 street no 4.Customer Service Representative: ... and whats your phone number?Mr. Sameer: 408-533-0875Customer Service Representative: Im terribly sorry about the misunderstanding. Well do ourbest to change this as quickly as possible.Mr. Sameer: Thank you for your help in clearing this up.
Activity# 3Key vocabularyThe Republicans and the Democrats, nominees, youre a pessimist, Short simple statements, Iagree with you. If you can vote, vote!Presidential ElectionsTahir: This election is going to be close!Ayan: I think youre right. The Republicans and the Democrats are fighting for every vote.Tahir: Did you watch the conventions?Ayan: Yes, I watched a little bit. The party platforms are extremely different.Tahir: Yes, they are! Watching them on TV, it was hard to believe they come from thesame country!Ayan: Oh, it wasnt that bad.Tahir: Hmmm, anyway the delegates certainly clapped hard for their nominees.Ayan: But it was the same stump speech over and over again. In both parties!Tahir: Thats what politicians do best. Talk ... the problem is whether they actually do verymuch.Ayan: Oh, youre a pessimist!Tahir: I wouldnt say that. Its just that Im sick and tired of all the attack ads.
Ayan: I see your point. It would be nice to know what they want to govern the country, ratherthan why they think the other guy isnt any good.Tahir: They treat us like idiots! I hate sound bites, Short simple statements that dont really giveme much information. Treat me like I have a brain.Ayan: Some say we get what we deserve. Voter turnout is so low; perhaps we dont deserve anybetter.Tahir: But thats why people dont come out to vote. They dont feel represented even if they dovote.Ayan: I think we need a third party in this country.Tahir: I couldnt agree with you more!Ayan: Perhaps a third party would stop the partisanship.Tahir: Hmmm. I guess...Ayan: Are you a registered voter?Tahir: Of course! Im a registered voter and I go to the voting booth to vote. I want that vote torepresent my voice.Ayan: OK, OK, no need to give a speech.Tahir: Ha ha, I just think its my duty as a citizen to vote.Ayan: Yes, I agree with you. If you can vote, vote!Tahir: ok leave it, now we should go.
Ayan: ok see you soon again, take care bye.Tahir: bye. Free Activities Activity# 1Some Troubling Symptoms: Patient: Good afternoon. Doctor: Good afternoon. Have a seat. So, what have you come in for today? Patient: Thank you. Im feeling ill, Ive got quite a bad cough, but I dont seem to have a fever. Doctor: I see. How long have you had these symptoms? Patient: Oh, Ive had the cough for two weeks, but feeling ill just these past few days. Doctor: Are you having any other problems? Patient: Well, Ive got a headache. Ive also had a little bit of diarrhea. Doctor: Do you produce any phlegm when coughing? Patient: Sometimes, but its usually pretty dry. Doctor: Do you smoke? Patient: Yes, a few cigarettes a day. Certainly no more than a half a pack a day. Doctor: How about allergies? Do you have any allergies? Patient: Not that Im aware of.
Doctor: Does your head feel stuffy?Patient: Yes, for the past few days.Doctor: OK. Now lets have a look. Could you please open your mouth and say ah? Activity# 2Customer Service Representative: How may I help you today?Mr. Ahsan: Id like to apply for a drivers license.Customer Service Representative: Fine. Can you fill in this form, please?Mr. Ahsan: Certainly.Mr. Ahsan: Ali can you help me with this form?Ali: Sure, whats your last name?Mr. Ahsan: Ahmed.Ali: Could you spell that please?Mr. Ahsan: Certainly, A – H – M- E- D...Ali: Whats your first name?Mr. Ahsan: You know that! Its Osama.Customer Service Representative: Are you married?Mr. Ahsan: No, Im single.Ali: OK. Now, whats your address?Mr. Ahsan: Its 2926 NW 2nd Ave.Customer Service Representative: and whats your zip code?Mr. Ahsan: 87665
Ali: Right. Are you a Pakistani citizen?Mr. Ahsan: Good question. Yes, I am.Ali: ... and whats your date of birth?Mr. Ahsan: I was born on 19th April 1961Peter: Ha, ha! You certainly dont look your age! You look older!Mr. Anderson: Very funny, Ali. Lets continue, ok?Ali: Yes, OK, Are you disabled?Mr. Ahsan: Well, my legs sometimes hurt, but Im not disabled. How many more questionsare there?Ali: Just a few. Do you wear glasses?Mr. Ahsan: Yes, I need glasses to drive.Ali: OK, last question. Do you currently have a drivers license?Mr. Ahsan: Yes, I do.Ali: Wheres it from?Mr. Ahsan: Its from Iran.Ali: Fine. Right. Here you go; your form is filled out.Mr. Ahsan: Thanks for your help Peter.Mr. Ahsan: Heres my completed form.Customer Service Representative: Thank you; please take this completed form to thecashier with your payment of 1200 rupees.Mr. Ahsan: Certainly. What happens next?Customer Service Representative: The cashier will help you with the next steps.
Activity# 3Making a Doctors Appointment:Caller 1: Dr. Alis office. How may I help you?Caller 2: Id like to make an appointment to see the doctor.Caller 1: Certainly, are you ill at the moment?Caller 2: Yes, Im not feeling very well.Caller 1: Do you have a fever, or any other symptoms?Caller 2: Yes, I have a slight fever and aches and pains.Caller 1: OK, Dr. Ali can see you tomorrow. Can you come in the morning?Caller 2: Yes, tomorrow morning is fine.Caller 1: How about 10 oclock?Caller 2: Yes, 10 oclock is fine.Caller 1: May have your name?Caller 2: Yes, its Ahmed.Caller 1: Have you seen Dr. Ali?Caller 2: Yes, I had a physical exam last year.Caller 1: Yes, here you are. OK, Ive scheduled for ten oclock tomorrow morning.Caller 2: Thank you.Caller 1: Drink plenty of warm fluids and get a good nights sleep!Caller 2: Thank you. Ill do my best. Goodbye.Caller 1: Goodbye.
Through all these activities we come to know that, Direct Method aims at establishing the directbond between thought and expressions and between experience and language. It is based on theassumption that the learner should experience the new language in the same way as heexperienced his mother tongue.In the Grammar Translation Method, the foreign concept or idea is first translated into themother tongue and then understood. But in the Direct Method the intervention of the mothertongue is done away with the learner understands what he reads or hears in the second or foreignlanguage without thinking of the mother tongue equivalence. Likewise, he speaks or writes theforeign language without the need of translating his thought or idea from the mother tongue intothe second/foreign language.Learners can make their speaking flawless and fluent through these principles of this method,oral training, Inhibition of the Mother Tongue and inductive teaching of grammar. This methodis based on sound principles of education. It is a natural method. No gap between active andpassive vocabulary. Although this method is so helpful in learning speaking in target languages.