It is a pioneer and good idea to be tried as in case of success it serves dual benefits
1- Propagate mango without the need of mango root stock which needs a lot of time and effort to overcome the problems of the unfavorable soil such as clay soil.
2- Eradicate the aggressively invasive Brazilian pepper trees from the garden in a very useful way not by just killing it.
Dr. Fathi Neana, MD Chief of Orthopaedics
Dr. Fakhry & Dr. Al-Garzaie Hospital
January, 09 - 2018
The Brazilian pepper tree (chinus
terebinthifolia ) is a species of flowering plant
in the cashew family, Anacardiaceae, that is
native to subtropical and tropical South
America (southeastern Brazil, northern
Argentina, and Paraguay).
It is found in these states of Brazil: Alagoas,
Bahia, Espírito Santo, Mato Grosso do Sul,
Minas Gerais, Pernambuco, Paraná, Rio de
Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do
Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, and Sergipe.
Common names include Brazilian peppertree,
aroeira, rose pepper, broadleaved pepper
tree, wilelaiki (or wililaiki),
Christmasberry,, and Florida Holly.
THE BRAZILIAN PEPPER TREE
The family Anacardiaceae contains poison ivy,
poison oak, poison sumac, and Schinus
terebinthifolius, or Brazilian pepper-tree.
People sensitive to poison ivy, oak or sumac
may also be allergic to Brazilian pepper tree
because it also has the potential to cause
dermatitis to those with sensitive skin. Some
people have also expressed respiratory
problems associated with the bloom period of
Brazilian pepper tree is native to Argentina, Paraguay, and Brazil. Brazilian pepper tree was brought
into Florida in mid-1800 for use as an ornamental plant. Its bright red berries and brilliant green
foliage are used frequently as Christmas decorations.
Distribution of Brazilian pepper tree throughout Florida is widespread, although limited to the
warmer areas due to sensitivity to cold temperatures. Brazilian pepper can be found as far north as
Levy and St. Johns Counties, and as far west as Santa Rosa County. It is an aggressive invader of
disturbed habitats; this characteristic has led to its placement on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant
Council’s list of invasive species. Many plant communities such as hammocks, pinelands and
mangrove forests are often invaded and dominated by Brazilian pepper tree.
THE BRAZILIAN PEPPER TREE
Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe) from
numerous species of tropical trees belonging to
the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated
mostly for their edible fruit.
The majority of these species are found in
nature as wild mangoes. The genus belongs to
the cashew family Anacardiaceae.
Mangoes are native to South Asia from where
the "common mango" or "Indian mango,
Mangifera indica, has been distributed
worldwide to become one of the most widely
cultivated fruits in the tropics.
Other Mangifera species (e.g. horse
mango, Mangifera foetida) are grown on a
more localized basis.
It is the national fruit of India, Pakistan, and
the Philippines, and the national tree of
THE MANGO TREE
THE CLAY SOIL
What is Clay Soil?
A soil that is composed of mostly clay particles. Soil that consists of
over 50% clay particles is referred to as “heavy clay.”
Clay soil sticks to shoes and garden tools like glue, forms big clods
that aren't easy to separate, and crusts over and cracks in dry
Positives of Clay Soil
Clay soil has some good qualities :
1- Because of its density, it retains moisture well.
2- It also tends to be more nutrient-rich than other soil types. The
reason for this is that the particles that make up clay soil are
negatively charged. They attract and pick up positively charged
particles, such as calcium, potassium, and magnesium.
Negatives of Clay Soil
Clay soil has the following negative qualities:
1- Slow draining
2-Slow to warm in the spring
3- Compacts easily, making it difficult for plant roots to grow
4- Tendency to heave in winter
5- Tendency to be alkaline
a poorly growing more than one year old
seed planted mango tree in clay soil
Mango fails to grow in my garden
yellow very dense clay soil.
It is too hard for the roots to
propagate in such poorly aireated
on the other hand Brazilian
pepper propagates very
aggressively in this clay as well as
other different soil types.
a poorly growing more than one year old seed
planted mango tree in clay soil
WHY GRAFTING MANGO SCION
ON BRAZILIAN PEPPER ROOT
IT IS WORTHED TO BE TRIED AS IN CASE OF SUCCES IT WILL
SERVE A DUAL BENEFITS
1- TO PROPAGATE MANGO WHICH NEEDS A LOT OF TIME AND
EFFORT TO OVERCOME THE PROBLEM OF CLAY SOIL
2- TO ERADICATE THE AGGRESSIVLY INVASIVE BRAZILLIAN
PEPPER TREES FROM THE GARDEN IN A USEFUL WAY NOT BY
WHY GRAFTING MANGO SCION ON BRAZILIAN PEPPER
Mango and Brazilian pepper
both are from the same family
family: Anacardiaceae which
includes mango, pepper tree,
pistachio, cashew family.
What about the Compatibility?
This is the aim of this trial
Top grafting technique
Side grafting technique
METHODS AND TECHNIQUE
1- Side or top grafting techniques was used in
a 7 trials.
2- The scion: We use the terminal end of active
branches, all leaves removed sometimes one
or one third of a leave is kept.
3- Root stock: about one year old , strong
enough , all leaves and side branches are
4- Cleaning of scion and root stock by diluted
povidone iodine 1-5% for 3 minutes followed
by cleaning by water using soft cotton or cloths
METHODS AND TECHNIQUE
5- graft protected by transparent nylon
bag allowing visualization of the graft at
any time .
6- The bag kept closed for a period not
less than 3weeks followed by partial and
gradual removal by opening of the top
part of the bag before complete removal
to allow for gradual acclimatization.
7- Occasionally the bag is sprayed from
inside by water to keep the medium
4 out of 7 grafts still remain a live for more than 2monts ( time of preparing
this presentation update ) with a 57.1% early success rate. This means that the
scion is not rejected by the root stock probably because they are compatible
within the same family.
The 3 failed grafts show the signs of death in 7-10 days started by darkening
and shrinking (mummification) at the bottom of the scion and progress
proximally over the next days till it involve the top part.
late results will be updated later on as my aim is to pay attention about this
new idea so that a more professionals can carry on to show a better results.
My faults is that this trial was done on November which is not the proper
timing (February to May is preferable) also the weather was too cold in
Alexandria in this month