2008 - Andean Women Under Spanish Rule

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2007 - University of Florida Course
Gender and Development

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2008 - Andean Women Under Spanish Rule

  1. 1. Andean WomenUnder Spanish Rule<br />“Children of the Sun and the Moon”<br />
  2. 2. Socio-Economic Conditions<br />Prior to the Inca Conquest<br />Ayllu and Mutual Assistance<br />Parallel and Cross-transmission of inheritance<br />Demands of Labor and Reciprocity<br />
  3. 3. Socio-Economic Conditions<br />During the Inca Empire<br />Obligations between Incas and subjugated tribes<br />Mita service and Ayllu’s Self-Sufficiency<br />Flexible gender division of labor<br />
  4. 4. Socio-Economic Conditions<br />After the Spanish Conquest<br />Exploitation of native populations<br />Concept of private ownership and land tenure<br />Population decline and native mortality<br />
  5. 5. Politico-Religious Conditions<br />Prior to the Inca Conquest:<br />Male and female Curacas<br />Civil and religious hierarchy composed of both genders<br />
  6. 6. Politico-Religious Conditions<br />Prior to the Inca Conquest:<br />Coya and her control over territory.<br />Incorporations of cults from conquered Andean tribes by the Inca<br />Children of the Sun and the Moon<br />
  7. 7. Politico-Religious Conditions<br />After the Spanish Conquest:<br />Married women and Indians were legal minors<br />Dismantling of the state cults to the sun and the moon<br />Political and religious organizations were reserved for men<br />
  8. 8. Cosmology<br />Before the Spanish Conquest<br />Both genders could become religious ministers<br />Emphasis on balance and reciprocity<br />Female deities (Creation and Reproduction)<br />
  9. 9. Cosmology<br />After the Spanish Conquest<br />Persecution of women and their classification as witches<br />Association of Inca female deities with female saints and virgins.<br />Sexual abuse of women<br />Indigenous religion was driven underground<br />
  10. 10. Women of the Puna<br />Women fled to the high tablelands<br />They held positions previously assigned to men<br />Revival of indigenous culture<br />Struggle against Catholicism<br />

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