AP World India 2 Ayran

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  • AP World India 2 Ayran

    1. 1. Aryan Migration 1800BCE through Kyber pass
    2. 2. Kyber Pass <ul><li>Only land route between middle east and India for trade and invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Still important today – India and Pakistan both trying to control it </li></ul>
    3. 4. Aryans <ul><li>Horses and advanced weapons give them advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Brought religious beliefs like Hindu, reincarnation, caste system </li></ul><ul><li>community was patriarchical </li></ul><ul><li>duty of the king was the protection of his subjects, property, defence and maintenance of peace </li></ul><ul><li>culture spreads from the Indus to the Ganges River </li></ul><ul><li>Probably used Barter system for the little trade economy they had </li></ul><ul><li>Spoke Sanskrit </li></ul>
    4. 5. Iron Age Begins <ul><li>1,000 BC iron ore found in the Ganges River valley </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used for farm tools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resulted in Increased rice and other food production </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More cities and towns began to form </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also used for weapons that strengthened Aryan power in N. India </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare to Chou in China, Hittites in Mesopotamia, Egypt and Bantu in Africa </li></ul></ul>
    5. 6. Ayran/Hindu Social Structure <ul><li>Brahmins – warriors, priests </li></ul><ul><li>Kshatriyas – rulers, warriors </li></ul><ul><li>Vaishyas – farmers, merchants, artisans </li></ul><ul><li>Sudras – laborers </li></ul><ul><li>Dalits (untouchables) – unpleasant, polluted jobs; not directly owned by others. </li></ul><ul><li>Upward mobility sometimes occurred within castes. </li></ul><ul><li>Strict segregation among castes. </li></ul><ul><li>All based on the tribal concept of the Ayrans that people are NOT equal </li></ul>
    6. 7. Aryan/Vedic Civilization 1500-500BCE <ul><li>Hindu Vedic Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>oldest written text dating to beginning of Aryan civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Veda means “Knowledge” in Sanskrit. </li></ul><ul><li>Vedas inform and guide Hindus like the Bible guides Christians and the Koran guides Muslims </li></ul>
    7. 8. Upanishads: literally means sitting in front of <ul><li>Upanishads are later Hindu Vedas often poetic that teach the metaphysical foundations of the Hindu faith </li></ul><ul><li>Hare (ha-ray) Krishna’s war poem is the most important of the Upanishads </li></ul>
    8. 9. The Ancient Vedic Hymns <ul><li>Rig Veda - Knowledge of Hymns, almost 11,000 verses </li></ul><ul><li>“ There is only one truth, only men describe it in different ways.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Ayur Veda - Knowledge of Medicine, over 100,000 verses </li></ul><ul><li>Yajur Veda - Knowledge of Liturgy, 3,988 verses </li></ul><ul><li>Sama Veda - Knowledge of Classical Music, 1,549 verses </li></ul><ul><li>Upanishads </li></ul><ul><li>Jyotisha – Astrology and Astronomy. </li></ul><ul><li>Kalpa – Rituals and Legal matters. </li></ul><ul><li>Siksha – Phonetics. </li></ul><ul><li>Aitareya – Creation of the Universe, Man and Evolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Kama Sutra - Knowledge of Love and Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Chandogya – Reincarnation, Soul. </li></ul><ul><li>Kaushitaki – Karma. </li></ul><ul><li>Kena – Austerity, Work, and Restraint. </li></ul><ul><li>Dharnur Veda – Science of Archery and War. </li></ul><ul><li>Mundaka – Discipline, Faith and warning of Ignorance. </li></ul><ul><li>Sulba Sutra – Knowledge of Mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>Yoga Sutra - Knowledge of Meditation </li></ul>
    9. 10. Vedic Age ends with Invasions of Darius and Alexander
    10. 11. Alexander

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