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OPTOM FASLU MUHAMMED
ACTS AND RULES
WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION &
SOCIAL SECURITY
 SUCCESS OF INDUSTRY DEPENDS ON THE
PRODUCTIVITY OF THE WORKERS,SO
MINIMIZING THE LABOUR COST.
 INCREASE IN THE USE OF COMPLEX
MACHINERY,THE RISK FOR INJURY/DEATH
TO WORKERS.
 INCASE A WORKER DIES,HIS DEPENDANTS
HAVE NO WAY OF MAKING ENDS MEET.
 TO RESTRICT THIS WORKMEN’S
COMPENSATION ACT WAS ENACTED IN
N1923
FEATURES OF THE ACT
 MODELED ON THE BRITISH PATTERN & PAYMENT
IS OBLIGATORY ON ALL EMPLOYERS.
 WORKMEN OR HIS DEPENDANTS CAN CLAIM
COMPENSATION IF THE INJURY HAS BEEN
CAUSED BY AN ACCIDENT ARISING IN COURSE
OF EMPLOYMENT.
 ILLNESS BY DRUG/DRINKS OR EMPLOYEES IS
NEGLECT SAFETY RULES CAN’T GET RHE
COMPENSATION.
 ALL CLASSES OF WORKMEN INCLUDES IN THIS
ACT.
 AMOUNT OF COMPENSATION DEPENDS UPON
THE TYPE OF INJURIES.
WHEN IS AN EMPLOYER LIABLE
TO PAY COMPENSATION?...
 PERSONAL INJURY MUST HAVE BEEN
CAUSED TO A WORKMAN IN THE COURSE OF
EMPLOYMENT.
 PERSONAL INJURY MUST HAVE BEEN DUE
TO ACCIDENT IN THE COURSE OF
EMPLOYMENT.
 INJURY MUST HAVERESULTED IN DEATH/THE
WORKER MUST HAVE RECEIVED
TOTAL/PARTIAL DISABILITY AT LEAST FOR 3
BDAYS DUE TO IONJURY.
WHEN IS AN EMPLOYER NOT
LIABLE TO PAY
COMPENSATION?...
 INJURY DIDN’T CAUSE TOTAL/CAUSE
PARTIAL DISABLEMENT FOR MORE THAN 3
DAYS.
 INJURY DIDN’T RESULT IN
DEATH/PERMANENT DISABLEMENT AND
WORKER WAS UNDER THE INFLUENCE
OF DRINKS OR DRUGS
WORKER DISOBEYED THE RULES OF
INDUSTRY
WORKER DIDN’T WEAR PROTECTIVE
DRESSES
EMPLOYEES STATE INSURANCE
ACT 1948
 ESIA 1948 IS TO PROVIDE A
COMPREHENSIVE INSURANCE TO THE
WORKERS
 THIS ACTS APPLIES TO FACTORIES ALL
OVER INDIA
SECTION 3
UNDER THIS SECTION CENTRAL
GOVT.HAS FORMED A CORPORATION-
EMPLOYEES STATE INSURANCE
CORPORATION.
SECTION 4
ESI CORPORATION CONTAINS
FACTORY ACTS
 A SERIES OF ACTS PASSED BY THE PARLIAMENT
OF U.K TO LIMIT THE NO.OF HOURS WORKED BY
WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN TEXTILE INDUSTRY
THEN LATER IN ALL INDUSTRIES.
FACTORY ACTS 1802
ALSO CALLED AS HEALTH &
MORALS OF APPRENTICES ACT
IT IS ESPECIALLY IN REGARD TO
CHILD WORKERS IN COTTON &
WOOLEN MILLS
FACTORY ACTS 1802
ACT INCLUDES
 ALL FACTORY ROOMS MUST BE WELL
VENTILATED & LIME-WASHED TWICE A YEAR
 CHILDREN MUST BE SUPPLIED WITH TWO
COMPLETE OUTFITS OF CLOTHING
 CHILDREN B/W AGE OF 9 & 13 CAN WORK
MAXIMUM 8 HOURS
 ADULTS B/W 14 & 18 YRS OLD CAN WORK
MAXIMUM 12 HOURS
 CHILDREN UNDER 9 YRS OLD ARE NOT
ALLOWED TO WORK
 WORK HRS OF CHILDREN MUST BEGIN
AFTER 6 AM, END BEFORE 9 PM & NOT
EXCEED 12 HRS A DAY
 CHILDREN MUST BE INSTRUCTED IN
READING & WRITING FOR THE FIRST 4 YRS
OF THE WORK
 MALE & FEMALE CHILDREN MUST BE
HOUSED IN DIFFERENT SLEEPING
QUARTERS
 CHILDREN MAY NOT SLEEP MORE THAN 2
PER BED
 ON SUNDAYS CHILDREN ARE TO HAVE AN
COTTON MILLSACT 1819
 STATES THAT NO CHILDREN UNDER 9 WERE
TO BE EMPLOYED AND THAT CHILDREN
AGED 9-16 YEARS WERE LIMITED TO 12
HOURS PER DAY
LABOUR IN COTTON MILLS ACT
1831
 NO NIGHT WORK FOR PERSONS UNDER THE
AGE OF 21
LABOUR OF CHILDREN IN
FACTORIES ACT 1833
 CHILDREN(AGED 14-18) MUST NOT WORK
MORE THAN 12 HOURS A DAY WITH AN HOUR
LUNCH BREAK
 CHILDREN (9-13) MUST NOT WORK MORE
THAN 8 HRS WITH AN HOUR
LUNCHBREAK AND 2 HRS EDUCATION PER
DAY
 OUTLAWED THE EMPLOYMENT OF
CHILDREN UNDER 9 IN THE TEXTILE
INDUSTRY
 CHILDREN UNDER 18 MUST NOT WORK AT
NIGHT
 PROVIDER FOR ROUTINE INSPECTION OF
FACTORIES
FACTORY ACT 1844
 CHILDREN (9-13) COULD WORK FOR 9 HRS
WITH A LUNCHBREAK
 WOMEN AND YOUNG PEOPLE COULD WORK
FOR NOY MORE THAN 12 HRS A DAY DURING
THE WEEK,INCLUDING ONE AND A HALF
HOUR LUNCHBREAK & 9 HOURS ON
SUNDAYS
 FACTORY OWNERS MUST WASH FACTORIES
WITH LIME EVERY 14 MONTHS
 AGES MUST BE VERIFIED BY SURGEONS
 ACCIDENTAL DEATH MUST BE REPORTED TO
A SURGEON & INVESTIGATED
FACTORY ACT 1847
 ALSO KNOWN AS 10 HOUR ACT
 THIS LAW REDUCED THE WORK WEEK IN
TEXTILE MILLS FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN
UNDER 18 YRS OF AGE
 THIS LAW LIMITED THE WORKDAY TO 10 HRS
FACTORY ACT 1850
 CHILDREN AND WOMEN COULD ONLY WORK
FROM 6 AM TO 6 PM IN THE SUMMER AND 7
AM TO 7 PM IN WINTER
 ALL WORK WOULD END ON SATURDAY AT 2
PM
 THE WORK WEEK WAS EXTENDED FROM 58
HRS TO 60 HRS
 HRS OF WORK FOR AGE 9 TO 18 WAS
CHANGED TO 10.5 HRS A DAY
FACTORY ACT 1878
 FACTORY CODE APPLIED TO ALL FACTORIES
 NO CHILD ANYWHERE UNDER THE AGE OF
10 WAS TO BE EMPLOYED
 COMPULSORY EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN
UPTO 10 YRS OLD
 10-14 T YR OLD COULD ONLY BE EMPLOYED
FOR HAIF DAYS
 WOMEN WERE TO WORK NO WORK NO
MORE THAN 56 HRS PER WEEK
FACTORY & WORKSHOP ACT
1937
 MINIMUM WORKING AGE IS RAISED TO 12
THE ACT ALSO INTRODUCED EDUCATION
FOR CHILDREN
THANKSSSS

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Acts and rules

  • 2. WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION & SOCIAL SECURITY  SUCCESS OF INDUSTRY DEPENDS ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF THE WORKERS,SO MINIMIZING THE LABOUR COST.  INCREASE IN THE USE OF COMPLEX MACHINERY,THE RISK FOR INJURY/DEATH TO WORKERS.  INCASE A WORKER DIES,HIS DEPENDANTS HAVE NO WAY OF MAKING ENDS MEET.  TO RESTRICT THIS WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION ACT WAS ENACTED IN N1923
  • 3. FEATURES OF THE ACT  MODELED ON THE BRITISH PATTERN & PAYMENT IS OBLIGATORY ON ALL EMPLOYERS.  WORKMEN OR HIS DEPENDANTS CAN CLAIM COMPENSATION IF THE INJURY HAS BEEN CAUSED BY AN ACCIDENT ARISING IN COURSE OF EMPLOYMENT.  ILLNESS BY DRUG/DRINKS OR EMPLOYEES IS NEGLECT SAFETY RULES CAN’T GET RHE COMPENSATION.  ALL CLASSES OF WORKMEN INCLUDES IN THIS ACT.  AMOUNT OF COMPENSATION DEPENDS UPON THE TYPE OF INJURIES.
  • 4. WHEN IS AN EMPLOYER LIABLE TO PAY COMPENSATION?...  PERSONAL INJURY MUST HAVE BEEN CAUSED TO A WORKMAN IN THE COURSE OF EMPLOYMENT.  PERSONAL INJURY MUST HAVE BEEN DUE TO ACCIDENT IN THE COURSE OF EMPLOYMENT.  INJURY MUST HAVERESULTED IN DEATH/THE WORKER MUST HAVE RECEIVED TOTAL/PARTIAL DISABILITY AT LEAST FOR 3 BDAYS DUE TO IONJURY.
  • 5. WHEN IS AN EMPLOYER NOT LIABLE TO PAY COMPENSATION?...  INJURY DIDN’T CAUSE TOTAL/CAUSE PARTIAL DISABLEMENT FOR MORE THAN 3 DAYS.  INJURY DIDN’T RESULT IN DEATH/PERMANENT DISABLEMENT AND WORKER WAS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DRINKS OR DRUGS WORKER DISOBEYED THE RULES OF INDUSTRY WORKER DIDN’T WEAR PROTECTIVE DRESSES
  • 6. EMPLOYEES STATE INSURANCE ACT 1948  ESIA 1948 IS TO PROVIDE A COMPREHENSIVE INSURANCE TO THE WORKERS  THIS ACTS APPLIES TO FACTORIES ALL OVER INDIA SECTION 3 UNDER THIS SECTION CENTRAL GOVT.HAS FORMED A CORPORATION- EMPLOYEES STATE INSURANCE CORPORATION. SECTION 4 ESI CORPORATION CONTAINS
  • 7. FACTORY ACTS  A SERIES OF ACTS PASSED BY THE PARLIAMENT OF U.K TO LIMIT THE NO.OF HOURS WORKED BY WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN TEXTILE INDUSTRY THEN LATER IN ALL INDUSTRIES. FACTORY ACTS 1802 ALSO CALLED AS HEALTH & MORALS OF APPRENTICES ACT IT IS ESPECIALLY IN REGARD TO CHILD WORKERS IN COTTON & WOOLEN MILLS
  • 8. FACTORY ACTS 1802 ACT INCLUDES  ALL FACTORY ROOMS MUST BE WELL VENTILATED & LIME-WASHED TWICE A YEAR  CHILDREN MUST BE SUPPLIED WITH TWO COMPLETE OUTFITS OF CLOTHING  CHILDREN B/W AGE OF 9 & 13 CAN WORK MAXIMUM 8 HOURS  ADULTS B/W 14 & 18 YRS OLD CAN WORK MAXIMUM 12 HOURS  CHILDREN UNDER 9 YRS OLD ARE NOT ALLOWED TO WORK
  • 9.  WORK HRS OF CHILDREN MUST BEGIN AFTER 6 AM, END BEFORE 9 PM & NOT EXCEED 12 HRS A DAY  CHILDREN MUST BE INSTRUCTED IN READING & WRITING FOR THE FIRST 4 YRS OF THE WORK  MALE & FEMALE CHILDREN MUST BE HOUSED IN DIFFERENT SLEEPING QUARTERS  CHILDREN MAY NOT SLEEP MORE THAN 2 PER BED  ON SUNDAYS CHILDREN ARE TO HAVE AN
  • 10. COTTON MILLSACT 1819  STATES THAT NO CHILDREN UNDER 9 WERE TO BE EMPLOYED AND THAT CHILDREN AGED 9-16 YEARS WERE LIMITED TO 12 HOURS PER DAY
  • 11. LABOUR IN COTTON MILLS ACT 1831  NO NIGHT WORK FOR PERSONS UNDER THE AGE OF 21
  • 12. LABOUR OF CHILDREN IN FACTORIES ACT 1833  CHILDREN(AGED 14-18) MUST NOT WORK MORE THAN 12 HOURS A DAY WITH AN HOUR LUNCH BREAK  CHILDREN (9-13) MUST NOT WORK MORE THAN 8 HRS WITH AN HOUR LUNCHBREAK AND 2 HRS EDUCATION PER DAY  OUTLAWED THE EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN UNDER 9 IN THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY  CHILDREN UNDER 18 MUST NOT WORK AT NIGHT  PROVIDER FOR ROUTINE INSPECTION OF FACTORIES
  • 13. FACTORY ACT 1844  CHILDREN (9-13) COULD WORK FOR 9 HRS WITH A LUNCHBREAK  WOMEN AND YOUNG PEOPLE COULD WORK FOR NOY MORE THAN 12 HRS A DAY DURING THE WEEK,INCLUDING ONE AND A HALF HOUR LUNCHBREAK & 9 HOURS ON SUNDAYS  FACTORY OWNERS MUST WASH FACTORIES WITH LIME EVERY 14 MONTHS  AGES MUST BE VERIFIED BY SURGEONS  ACCIDENTAL DEATH MUST BE REPORTED TO A SURGEON & INVESTIGATED
  • 14. FACTORY ACT 1847  ALSO KNOWN AS 10 HOUR ACT  THIS LAW REDUCED THE WORK WEEK IN TEXTILE MILLS FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN UNDER 18 YRS OF AGE  THIS LAW LIMITED THE WORKDAY TO 10 HRS
  • 15. FACTORY ACT 1850  CHILDREN AND WOMEN COULD ONLY WORK FROM 6 AM TO 6 PM IN THE SUMMER AND 7 AM TO 7 PM IN WINTER  ALL WORK WOULD END ON SATURDAY AT 2 PM  THE WORK WEEK WAS EXTENDED FROM 58 HRS TO 60 HRS  HRS OF WORK FOR AGE 9 TO 18 WAS CHANGED TO 10.5 HRS A DAY
  • 16. FACTORY ACT 1878  FACTORY CODE APPLIED TO ALL FACTORIES  NO CHILD ANYWHERE UNDER THE AGE OF 10 WAS TO BE EMPLOYED  COMPULSORY EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN UPTO 10 YRS OLD  10-14 T YR OLD COULD ONLY BE EMPLOYED FOR HAIF DAYS  WOMEN WERE TO WORK NO WORK NO MORE THAN 56 HRS PER WEEK
  • 17. FACTORY & WORKSHOP ACT 1937  MINIMUM WORKING AGE IS RAISED TO 12 THE ACT ALSO INTRODUCED EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN