Eneide and psychology, when myths express and treat our souls


Published on

This presentation recaps al the work done in I H, Liceo Machiavelli in Roma, in the curricular lessons of Mrs. Marconi and Mr. Mesolella. The aim was showing how ancient tales and myths can help to express your feelings and reconciliate some conflicts

Published in: Education, Technology, Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Eneide and psychology, when myths express and treat our souls

  1. 1. The <<Eneide>>and Psychology:Comparing two worlds(with the contribution ofMrs. Marconi and Mr.Mesolella for theeTwinning project Thebook of Life 2012-2013)Aurora Lombardi &Monica De
  2. 2. Green link:The poem was a sort ofbehavioural model for ancientRomans.It was used to create a collectiveidea of identity, to understand whatbeing a Roman citizen (civisRomanus) meant.Orange link: if we define the identityof a person in an ethymologicalsense, as something whichremains the same with the passingof the years, we can find somecommon points between the<<Eneide>> and PsychologyRed link 1: theguys’ opinionsabout the<<Eneide>>Red link 2: theguys’ opinionsaboutPsichologyThe Identity questionThe <<Eneide>> andPsychology:Comparing two worldsPink link:Psychology tries to give adifferent idea of identity, likesomething that makes somebodyunlike any other one.Erickson created a sort of stair,some steps that a man has to do tofind his “Ego” and build his identity.
  3. 3. Evening and light’ s heat, progressive silence: the story of one’ s self was bornfrom these elements in both <<Eneide>> and Psychology.We can compare psychoanalysts’ bed to the position assumed by Aeneas at theend of the first Book, when, lying on a particular bed called ‘’triclinium’’, he wantsto start his long story for Queen Dido.-The dream: it is said that the autentic Latin literature was born by a dream, Ennio’sdream, which is told in the Annales.Dreams put themselves like elements of access to realities which are put under thelevel of rational knowledge.Freud finds in them one of the doors to the knowledge of Es, the individualsubconcious.In the second Book Aeneas recieves from Hector, who appeared in one of hisdreams, the first revelation of his hard destiny: he will have to abandon Troy and tolook for a new homeland.
  4. 4. The poem was born with the idea of celebrating Rome, but Virgilio wentdeeper into human nature, looking for answers to all his questions abouthuman behaviour. He tried to understand Aeneas’ s feelings andemotions, telling his story. The poet gave him qualities like humility andfear, which are rare for a hero. He wrote about topics like passions, fears,death, dreams, religion, friendship and war, and he based his story onthat historical period. The most interesting thing is how we cancontextualize these topics and make them not so far from us. An immortalpoem, for an eternal city…!
  5. 5. -It helped us to open our minds and to have a look inside of us.-It opened our eyes letting us see also what we usually don’t care about, anddiscover how beautiful the world is and how beautiful we are inside.-It helped us even if we didn’t ask about because it was able to “read” ourproblem over our face.-It taught us how to overcame problems without fear.
  6. 6. The behavioural model was:Ethical- Political: The mos maiorum was based on qualities like pudor,pietas and fides. They all mean the respect of family, religion and promises.An example of pudor is in the 2nd book where Aeneas goes away from theburning Troy and takes with him his father, his son and his ancestors (thatrepresent his past). The pietas is in the 6th book, when he goes down to hell.The fides is in the 12th book, when Aeneas kills Turno because of a promise hemade to Pallante’s father (Turno killed Pallante, so he has to revenge him).
  7. 7. The behavioural model was:Philosophical: the virtus had to be adapted to the concept of apatia,proposed by the Stoicism: men tried not to follow their passions.An example of virtus comes from the 4th book: the queen Dido killsherself because of her love passion, called furor, which makes herforget her duties.
  8. 8. …if you pass successfully these steps…0-1 trust1-3 autonomy3-5 initiative5-10 industriousness10-20 identity20-30 privacy30-60 generativity60+ Ego’s integrity…if you don’t pass any of these steps…0-1 distrust1-3 shame or doubts3-5 guilt5-10 inferiority10-20 dispersion or roles’ confusion20-30 isolation30-60 stagnation60+ desperation
  9. 9. Thank you for watching 
  10. 10. Thank you for watching 