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Code switching linguistic


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code switching

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Code switching linguistic

  1. 1. Language and class Submitted to:- Mama kalsoom Submitted by:- Saira firdous (12) Maria Jabeen (28)
  2. 2. ABSTRACT  Code Switching usually occurs in bilingual societies.  The sociolinguistics aspect of Code Switching involves various factors including social class, prestige, and education system and determines the reasons of Code Switching because of socio cultural environment. o
  3. 3.  The study was an effort to measure language of different class’s view about which class do more switching in conversation in English  The data for the study was collected from higher class girl and middle class girl through a Questionnaire.
  4. 4.  The middle class shows a moderate confident to speak, but not perfect.
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION  Sociolinguistic is the study of the characteristic of language verities the characteristic of their function and the characteristic of their speakers as these three constantly interact, change and change one another both within and between speech communities.
  6. 6.  This research will examine in detail a difference in switching from one language to another in upper and middle class.  Language and society influencing each other. No relationship between language and society Language affecting society.  In this research the social factor “LANGUAGE AND CLASS would be analyzed in detailed with reference to relationship with language
  7. 7. SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY  The study is significant from these points of view that: a) It provides useful information about causes of switching b) It provides data about switching words and sentences in social classes c) It provides use full information about social class language switching
  8. 8. OBJECTIVE OF RESEARCH  Relationship between class and language  To evaluate social class switching in using language.  Language effect class when any one speaks we can think of him what level he/she have in a society. Language presents the social class of person.
  9. 9.  Hypothesis Upper class girls do less switching as compare to lower class
  10. 10.  Delimitation a) Upper class girl studied from fazaia inter college Jinnah camp and she had completed her graduation now she is teaching in the same school and a lower class girl studied from Mashel.i.ilm and she is teaching in the primary school. b) It was delimited just to study their language so that we can conclude that upper class or lower class does more switching
  11. 11. LITRATURE REVIEW  1 Language “Language a cultural, not a biologically inherited, function. Futility of interjectional and sound-imitative theories of the origin of speech. The psycho-physical basis of speech. Edward Sapir (1884–1939). Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech”. (p2) 1921  2.2 Society
  12. 12.  A society, or a human society, is a group of people involved with each other through persistent relations, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or social territory, subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Human societies are characterized by patterns of relationships between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions”. Briggs, As a (2000, 2nd Edition). The Age of Improvement. Longman. p. 9.
  13. 13.  Language and society  2.3.1 Sociolinguistic  Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society. Sociolinguistics differs from sociology of language in that the focus of sociolinguistics is the effect of the society on the language, while the sociology of language focuses on language's effect on the society.
  14. 14. Sociolinguistics overlaps to a considerable degree with pragmatics. It is historically closely related to linguistic anthropology and the distinction between the two fields has even been questioned recently. John j jumpers Journal of Sociolinguistics 12(4), 2008: 532–545 (American linguist William Labor has called sociolinguistics secular linguistics, "in reaction to the contention among many linguists working in a broadly Chomsky and framework that language can be dissociated from its social functions" (Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language, 2005).
  15. 15.  Sociology Humans act according to rules, and if they attempt to evaluate or modify these rules it is only in with the tools of collective conscience, i.e. the individual is a body only. This goes way beyond the familiar nature-vs.- culture debate; it is saying that not only is it strictly culture (which I would tend to agree with) but that this culture cannot be "personalized", or analyzed on an individual basis. In fact, the very idea of thought changes meaning. Emilee Durkheim birth of sociology (p 10)
  16. 16.  Language and class code switching A verbal component that can be as small as morpheme or as comprehensive and complex as an entire system of language is called code and shifting from one language to another language is called switching.
  17. 17. Types of switching According to function  Conversational code switching  Situational code switching According to structure  Intra sentential