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The Power of Local Renewable Energy

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Did you know the enormous potential of clean, local energy to meet U.S. electricity needs and juice local economies? But what happens if incumbent utilities successfully quash democratic energy? See 8 proposed rules that can open the doors to more local renewable energy generation and ownership, and fend off the corporate utility monopolies.

Published in: Environment
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The Power of Local Renewable Energy

  1. 1. T H E P O W E R O F L O C A L H O W T O A D VA N C E D I S T R I B U T E D R E N E WA B L E E N E R G Y John Farrell Director of Democratic Energy August 24, 2014
  2. 2. H U G E P O T E N T I A L
  3. 3. I L L I N O I S 143 billion kW-hr
  4. 4. ??? I L L I N O I S R O O F T O P S O L A R P O T E N T I A L ? 143 billion kW-hr
  5. 5. 17% I L L I N O I S R O O F T O P S O L A R P O T E N T I A L ? 143 billion kW-hr
  6. 6. ??? I L L I N O I S W I N D P O T E N T I A L ? 143 billion kW-hr
  7. 7. 517% 143 billion kW-hr I L L I N O I S W I N D P O T E N T I A L ?
  8. 8. POTENTIAL PERCENT OF POWER FROM LOCAL RENEWABLES 100% or more 50 to 100% 25 to 50% 10 to 25% 10% or less M A S S I V E L O C A L P O T E N T I A L Source: Energy Self-Reliant States 32 states - 100%+
  9. 9. 0¢ 10¢ 20¢ 30¢ 40¢ 50¢ 0 MW 3,000 MW 6,000 MW 9,000 MW 12,000 MW 15,000 MW 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Installed MW Levelized cost I N S TA L L E D S O L A R C A PA C I T Y & L E V E L I Z E D C O S T ( U . S . )
  10. 10. W E ’ R E G E T T I N G T H E R E , B U T C A N I T G O F U R T H E R ?
  11. 11. 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 I N S TA L L E D W I N D A N D S O L A R , G E R M A N Y ( M E G A WAT T S ) G E R M A N Y: C L E A N P O W E R 25% Renewable Y E S
  12. 12. Other 53% Individuals & Farmers 47% G E R M A N Y: P E O P L E P O W E R E D O W N E R S H I P O F G E R M A N W I N D A N D S O L A R 3 4 , 0 0 0 M W
  13. 13. # 1 S O L A R U T I L I T Y, I N I O WA ? 79% Solar 21%
  14. 14. A 4 2 % R E N E WA B L E C O O P E R AT I V E Biomass 12% Non-renewable 58% Customer 6% Utility solar 14% Hydro 9%
  15. 15. A D VA N TA G E L O C A L
  16. 16. $??? billion in IL energy imports For 143 billion kWh of electricity
  17. 17. $12 billion in IL energy imports
  18. 18. $12 billion in potential By turning energy imports into local energy production
  19. 19. Total Economic Impact Locally Owned Renewable Energy
  20. 20. Not local 0 25 50 75 100 very negative negative neutral positive very positive L O C A L P O W E R VA L U E (political)
  21. 21. Attitude towards increased use of local wind energy Not local 0 25 50 75 100 very negative negative neutral positive very positive -44% +33% +77% net approval Local Ownership L O C A L P O W E R VA L U E (political)
  22. 22. “ G R E E N T E A C O A L I T I O N ” L O C A L P O W E R VA L U E
  23. 23. A D VA N TA G E I N C U M B E N T ?
  24. 24. 1 0 - 1 1 % R O I F O R I N F R A S T R U C T U R E
  25. 25. 2 0 T H C E N T U RY U T I L I T Y
  26. 26. Utility Electricity Sales Going Flat
  27. 27. Utility Power Generation Must Shift
  28. 28. 2 1 S T C E N T U RY U T I L I T Y ?
  29. 29. U T I L I T I E S P R O F I T F R O M O W N I N G R E N E WA B L E S
  30. 30. F R E E D O M T O G E N E R AT E U N D E R F I R E States facing challenges to distributed generation Sources: Renewable Energy World, Greentech Media, IREC, Vote Solar and many more 5/21/14 U T I L I T I E S P R O F I T F R O M F I G H T I N G C U S T O M E R - O W N E D R E N E WA B L E S
  31. 31. U T I L I T I E S P R O F I T F R O M O W N I N G C U S T O M E R - S I T E D R E N E WA B L E S
  32. 32. P R O D U C I N G E L E C T R I C I T Y T O M E E T D E M A N D ElectricityDeamnd Time of day 1 AM 3 AM 5 AM 7 AM 9 AM 11 AM 1 PM 3 PM 5 PM 7 PM 9 PM 11 PM Adapted from David Mills: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2010/12/02/3081889.htm W I T H B A S E L O A D Baseload (coal or nuclear) Intermediate peaking (e.g. natural gas combined cycle) Fast peaking (e.g. gas combustion turbine)
  33. 33. P R O D U C I N G E L E C T R I C I T Y T O M E E T D E M A N D ElectricityDeamnd Time of day 1 AM 3 AM 5 AM 7 AM 9 AM 11 AM 1 PM 3 PM 5 PM 7 PM 9 PM 11 PM Adapted from David Mills: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2010/12/02/3081889.htm W I T H B A S E L O A D Baseload (coal or nuclear) Intermediate peaking (e.g. natural gas combined cycle) Fast peaking (e.g. gas combustion turbine) U T I L I T I E S L O S E M O N E Y I F S O L A R C O M P E T E S W I T H T H E I R P O W E R P L A N T S
  34. 34. T E C H N I C A L LY FA L S E H O W U T I L I T I E S F I G H T D E M O C R A T I C E N E R G Y
  35. 35. I N T E R M I T T E N C Y
  36. 36. A T I N Y P R O B L E M 99% Solar 1%
  37. 37. S P R E A D O U T T O S O LV E Geographic Dispersion Lowers Solar Backup Costs $0.00 $0.01 $0.02 $0.03 $0.04 1 location 5 locations 25 locations $0.001 $0.010 $0.040 $ per kWh Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
  38. 38. S U N I S P R E D I C TA B L E
  39. 39. W E AT H E R I S T O O
  40. 40. W E AT H E R I S T O O Nov. 10, 2011 BOULDER, Colo. Advanced Wind Forecasts Save Millions of Dollars for Xcel Energy
  41. 41. S U M M A RY: I N T E G R AT I O N O F R E N E WA B L E E N E R G Y I S M A N A G E A B L E
  42. 42. C H A N G I N G T H E R U L E S ( 8 O F ‘ E M )
  43. 43. Average'(me'in'one'residence:' ' ' Finance'terms:' 10515'years' 556'years' 556'years' 556'years' L O C A L E N E R G Y F I N A N C I N G 1
  44. 44. 10#15%years% 5#6%years% 5#6%years% L O C A L E N E R G Y F I N A N C I N G 1 T I E T O T H E P R O P E R T Y
  45. 45. L O C A L E N E R G Y F I N A N C I N G http://pacenow.org/ 1
  46. 46. L O C A L E N E R G Y F I N A N C I N G http://pacenow.org/ 1
  47. 47. 2 CCA CCA Current utility C O M M U N I T Y C H O I C E A G G R E G AT I O N
  48. 48. C O M M U N I T Y C H O I C E 2 S TA T E S W I T H C O M M U N I T Y C H O I C E A U T H O R I T Y
  49. 49. G R E E N C O M M U N I T Y C H O I C E 67% Renewable 33% AT A L O W E R C O S T 2
  50. 50. L O C A L P O W E R P U R C H A S I N G 3
  51. 51. State sets min and max State sets min, certain cities can exceed No state standard (local authority) voluntary min. B U I L D I N G C O D E A U T H O R I T Y 4
  52. 52. State VNM Eligibility California Multi-tenant properties, local governments Colorado IOU customers; solar gardens Connecticut Municipal customers only Dist. of Columbia All customers Illinois Utility choice to offer Maine All customers Maryland Allowed for agricultural customers,non-profit organizations,and municipal governments or their affiliates Massachusetts All customers Minnesota Xcel Energy customers only,awaiting rulemaking,10/16/13 Rhode Island Local and state governments Vermont All customers 5 V I R T U A L N E T M E T E R I N G
  53. 53. C O L L E C T I V E O W N E R S H I P 6
  54. 54. C O L L E C T I V E O W N E R S H I P 6 Source: SharedRenewables.org
  55. 55. C O L L E C T I V E O W N E R S H I P 6 J O B S A C T
  56. 56. F R A N C H I S E LEVERAGE UtilitiesCities 7
  57. 57. F R A N C H I S E MONEY UtilitiesCities 7
  58. 58. L O C A L P O W E R S A N TA F EB O U L D E R 2x Coal 8 P R O P O S E D C I T Y- O W N E D U T I L I T I E S
  59. 59. .org ilsr.org L I S T E N I N K E E P U P - T O - D AT E L E A R N M O R E
  60. 60. If God had wanted us to live sustainably, she’d have given us brains

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