Cooperating for community renewable energy

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Cooperating for community renewable energy

  1. 1. Cooperating for Community Renewable Energy A presentation to the South Dakota Resources Coalition John Farrell October 31, 2009 @ Inst. For Local Self-Reliance
  2. 2. ThesisBy creating decentralized, community-based renewable energy projects, tappinginto the existing grid, and applying newsmart grid technology, South Dakotans canmaximize the economic returns of energyproduction. John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  3. 3. The Opportunity!! Percent of power from coal: 47%! Number of SD coal mines: 0! Percent of coal power owned locally: 5%! Possible percent of power from wind: > 1000%! Possible percent of wind power owned locally: ~100% John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  4. 4. Getting There!! Smarter grid! Scale and ownership! Smarter policy and strategy John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  5. 5. Smart grids! $9.6 million for South Dakota! Will provide grid interactivity and information! Empower the consumer! More than a meter… John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  6. 6. Smart gridsJohn Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  7. 7. Smart grids! Bay Localize did a survey of rooftops in a section of East Oakland, CA and determined that 70% of the electrical power needs for that area could be generated on the rooftops of the existing structures in the area. My own sense is that if the new technologies were available 100 years ago, we would have had very few long distance transmission lines and large power companies.! Arthur Boone, Oakland John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  8. 8. Smarter gridJohn Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  9. 9. Smarter grid! Minnesota Distributed Generation Study! High level engineering analysis done by utilities! 600 MW of dispersed wind (10 to 40 MW) with little to no infrastructure upgrades John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  10. 10. Smarter gridJohn Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  11. 11. Smart about scale or John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  12. 12. Smart about scaleMost wind power economies of scale are captured at 10 MW John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  13. 13. Smart about scale! Price of transmission = $3 million per mile John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  14. 14. Smart about scale! Distributed projects are enabled by new technology! They tie into existing infrastructure! They capture most economies of scale! They enable local ownership John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  15. 15. Absentee = lost opportunity ! I live out on the Buffalo Ridge...I look out my window and I see hundreds of wind turbines. Most of those turbines are owned by the foreign multinationals. Out of two counties in Minnesota we export about $80 million dollars a year to France, Florida, Italy, Portugal, Spain. -Dan Juhl, community wind developer$80 million John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  16. 16. Local Ownership = growth! Two times the jobs! Four to five times more economic impact Absentee owned Locally owned John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  17. 17. Smart policy! Federal incentives inhibit local ownership ! Production Tax Credit is not accessible ! Tax bill of $100,000 a year ! Nonprofits, rural electric coop, city, or county need not apply ! Only income from rental or business partnership ! Rewards income instead of production John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  18. 18. Smart policy! Collective investment rules ! Securities and Exchange Commission exemptions ! State registration ! Audits John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  19. 19. Smart policy! Reform the PTC ! Allow all income ! Make refundable ! Reward production e.g. Stimulus grants John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  20. 20. Smart policy! Property Assessed Clean Energy ! Municipal bonds & aggregate purchasing ! Opt-in ! No upfront money, long-term loans, fixed to property ! California, Colorado, New Mexico John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  21. 21. Smart policy! Utility-based community energy ! Rural electric cooperative United Power community solar farm ! 25-year lease for a solar panel John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  22. 22. Smart strategy?! Long-distance ! Harness renewable centralized renewable energy everywhere energy - “hot spots” John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  23. 23. Renewable Resources (wind) Credit: NREL John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  24. 24. Renewable Resources (solar) Credit: SEIA John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  25. 25. Renewable Resources (geothermal) Credit: NREL John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  26. 26. Hot spot strategy Strong wind resource Strong solar resource Strong geothermal resource John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  27. 27. Hot spot strategy Federal preemption of alternatives Strong wind resource Strong solar resource Strong geothermal resource Proposed high voltage transmission line (765kV)Transmission plan credit:American Electric Power Existing high voltage transmission line John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  28. 28. Hot spot strategy: costly $100 billion Strong wind resource to 200 billion Strong solar resource Strong geothermal resourceProposed high voltagetransmission line (765kV)Existing high voltagetransmission line John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  29. 29. Hot spot strategy: unpopular! Want this in your backyard? John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  30. 30. Hot spot strategy: unpopular! In May 2009, 10 East Coast governors:! Requiring our residents and businesses to pay billions of dollars for new transmission lines that would import electricity from the upper Midwest and Southwest into their region “could jeopardize our states’ efforts to develop wind resources ... “ They added, “it is well accepted that local generation is more responsive and effective in solving reliability issues than long distance energy inputs.” John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  31. 31. Hot spot: caveat emptor! A victory for interstate transmission may be at the expense of broader public support for renewable energy = John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  32. 32. Hot spot strategy: unnecessary Source: ILSR John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  33. 33. Smart strategy! Massachusetts Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs, Ian Bowles:! Lawmakers should resist calls to add an extensive and costly new transmission system that would carry electricity from…the Great Plains…to places with high energy demands like Boston, Chicago, and New York ... Renewable energy resources are found all across the country; they don’t need to be harnessed from just one place. John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  34. 34. Smart strategy! Smart grids! Electric cars! Distributed generation! Local ownership John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  35. 35. Smart strategy: Willmar, MN! Willmar, MN! Municipal utility! Two wind turbines, cheaper than coal John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  36. 36. Smart strategy: Morris, MN! University of Minnesota! Wind turbine(s)! Biomass district heating John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  37. 37. Smart strategy: MMPA! Minnesota Municipal Power Association! 12 wind turbine, 12 cities John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  38. 38. ThesisBy creating decentralized, community-based renewable energy projects, tappinginto the existing grid, and applying newsmart grid technology, South Dakotans canmaximize the economic returns of energyproduction. John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC
  39. 39. Thank you!! John Farrell! New Rules Project - www.newrules.org! jfarrell@ilsr.org John Farrell, ILSR, jfarrell@ilsr.org Oct. 31, 2009: SDRC

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