Presentation - Curriculum Design for Experiential Farm-Based Learning


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Presentation - Curriculum Design for Experiential Farm-Based Learning

  1. 1. Curriculum Design for Experiential Farm-Based Learning Peggy Eppig Maryland Agricultural Education Foundation
  2. 2. When do you need curriculum design? • When you are offering educational programs and opportunities for students & schools. • When you want to move beyond ‘Ag Fact’ tours to offer programs with more substance and relevance. • When you want to be sure students ‘get it’ and can make connections between their everyday lives, their communities, and their futures in agriculture!
  3. 3. What are the educational goals of a farm-based curriculum? Students Teachers Farm
  4. 4. What FBE Need to Know… What Teachers Need to Know… Curriculum is not the same as a lesson. Farms are complex systems of economics, ecology, history, plant and animal agriculture. Assessment is ongoing and important. Don’t disregard educational standards or best practices. Use teachers as educational partners not just chaperones. Farms are excellent classrooms but important safety and management rules must be followed. Farms are not zoos, amusement parks, or museums - they are working lands that bring us food, fiber, fodder.
  5. 5. The student becomes the ‘translator’ between the language of education and agriculture: Pigs are cool because they allow me to study and become proficient in: • Ag History/Heritage • Farm Business • Life Sciences
  6. 6. What kinds of curriculum design work with ag? Experiential Process Oriented Technical- Scientific Non-Technical Non-Scientific Product Oriented
  7. 7. Q: But I’m not an educator – and I don’t have the time to learn a whole new language of education just to put a few lessons together – what do I do? A: Team up with fellow ag educators and a few teachers willing to help you. Q: Who can help us do that? A: The Mid-Atlantic Farm-Based Educators Network!
  8. 8. 2012-2013: M-AFBEN - The curriculum design that works for us: Understanding by Design!
  9. 9. Understanding By Design (Backwards Design) Outcomes • • • • Understandings Essential Questions Students will know… Students will be able to… Evidence • Performance Tasks • Written & Oral Responses • Self-Reflection Lesson Plan • Overview of Session • Instructional Model McTighe & Wiggins (2004) Understanding by Design , Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development
  10. 10. Now we need an Instructional Model that fits our Curriculum Design… Discovery Learning Inquiry Learning Problembased Learning ProjectBased Learning Social Learning Constructive Learning Woo Hoo!
  11. 11. What is constructive learning and why does it work best in experiential learning? “Constructivism is a learning strategy that draws on students' existing knowledge, beliefs, and skills. With a constructivist approach, students synthesize new understanding from prior learning and new information. The constructivist teacher sets up problems and monitors student exploration, guides student inquiry, and promotes new patterns of thinking. Working mostly with raw data, primary sources, and interactive material, constructivist teaching asks students to work with their own data and learn to direct their own explorations. Ultimately, students begin to think of learning as accumulated, evolving knowledge. Constructivist approaches work well with learners of all ages, including adults. “ - WBGH, Enhancing Education
  12. 12. The Five E’s Engage Evaluate Elaborate “Works for us!” Explore Explain
  13. 13. Informal Assessments • Thumbs Up! Thumbs Down! Wobble All Around! • Big Ideas and Pressing Questions (Index Cards) • Think, Draw, Explain (Journals) • Process Map (Chalk or Whiteboard • Analogy Prompt (Basket) • One-Minute Essay • Misconception Check Journaling
  14. 14. Now I ‘get’ why local agriculture is so important to me and family. Process Mapping
  15. 15. Curriculum Design depends on goals UbD ROOTS FLOWER and FRUIT SEED Constructive Learning: 5Es Instructional Model depends on outcomes and evidence STEM and LEAVES
  16. 16. Peggy Eppig Mid-Atlantic Farm-Based Education MD Ag Ed Foundation Havre de Grace, MD 20178 410-939-9030 (office) 443-299-8552 (cell) Karen Fedor Maryland Farm to School MD Dept. of Ag Annapolis, MD