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:('—”»-: ‘3l‘i}f“l1*‘l7f‘-'-‘

__ T. .. . yiiL_ . i‘! 



= - x‘-: w'*= i i: :". ia~i. i». -i-. iT'.  r». .ilTiaa; net. i
-er-‘u. é= : .e. el-3 éaeies
Apparent position
of the sun’ /  ’

Atmosphere

aw

l. Tarl: iioiiu1:ii l~‘: ;r: ~.. .
I» Appotcnl star position

°J“- cs)’-‘J-'=  ée-Jr




Refractive Index
lncrcosirfg

"ui, l_3ilds. _,.1¢i. .S. .:a. ,:; _,....
Cool 03' Wcnscr) 

V  (,3,-si,1.~. ) ; ,.. ,,i_;  I ‘
ulr ‘-2 oi---l .5‘ . ».9-43 J»

‘A Fe . .i. :. a. ... ..s. ..- * a. ... :.i
 lJJu~=5 Cele-A
 4» cm} cw 4-: 

-fA:  -we
/ fi...
,_, .si. .:.  ,_; lJJ ,4: ‘,5-3-'53J"PJg ml»
e: --S-’~. 'il. »3oee‘-. '
~; i._. .<. '.si_, a_3i
as-. aoi3=~=4e= .;~‘». ,u4U»5«oL-aiiaaeuau-*¢*’=5‘ieJ~9=«3a‘3
~: -=~»S-‘~islM-s-iuie-iaisaix-Jl-ta-. i~'-5
Yam) -4J‘; §.; -. i. ,al, )-a 0.33.! ’

A . -13-‘liq-tdliil 9.)‘ I. £u‘JJJJ"u"“9.3u 0'-2'-Au-t9:-°'-~: *b-104;-is
4ee13.i4...
.——,  .—svT<:  w<~ -——

4.LLiigul-, t L. Ll, R'. U.i; ‘~
J33 t-Iilau-055‘-‘cl-El l-H-1-4'. ’-4+4-1'4! J33-J4
_a_, §.ul_, '._, i.. c:. ..s‘t. :4., .4s_, :t. ,,, m.x. ... csc, _,a ....
Formation of superiormirage

K 'NR; |J| |-A‘ it:  I
,, v., -.

iiiit-. t.iuTn'. L
. C
I
- q
C
I
I
C
.  .
. 
.
. ‘i t ‘N, 
- - . . .  ,4 I
. .
-_

. .-1

Farlcliondnela lkirm
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Refraction 9

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Refraction 9
By:Farkhondeh Parsa

Published in: Education
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Refraction 9

  1. 1. :('—”»-: ‘3l‘i}f“l1*‘l7f‘-'-‘ __ T. .. . yiiL_ . i‘! = - x‘-: w'*= i i: :". ia~i. i». -i-. iT'. r». .ilTiaa; net. i
  2. 2. -er-‘u. é= : .e. el-3 éaeies Apparent position of the sun’ / ’ Atmosphere aw l. Tarl: iioiiu1:ii l~‘: ;r: ~.. .
  3. 3. I» Appotcnl star position °J“- cs)’-‘J-'= ée-Jr Refractive Index lncrcosirfg "ui, l_3ilds. _,.1¢i. .S. .:a. ,:; _,. .:. w. Lam» 1%" . 4.11 .1 iii: .. i,iLt_n' . L}, i;:
  4. 4. Cool 03' Wcnscr) V (,3,-si,1.~. ) ; ,.. ,,i_; I ‘
  5. 5. ulr ‘-2 oi---l .5‘ . ».9-43 J» ‘A Fe . .i. :. a. ... ..s. ..- * a. ... :.i lJJu~=5 Cele-A 4» cm} cw 4-: -fA: -we / fit‘ «i r ll ii xgii} — ; ' 4-'U. )‘J --L»-° J55-5 ‘L. =yJ--=5 ‘/34:; /é‘, cu-«J up )3 J—‘»/ -—-—-----——-—? —
  6. 6. ,_, .si. .:. ,_; lJJ ,4: ‘,5-3-'53J"PJg ml» e: --S-’~. 'il. »3oee‘-. ' ~; i._. .<. '.si_, a_3i
  7. 7. as-. aoi3=~=4e= .;~‘». ,u4U»5«oL-aiiaaeuau-*¢*’=5‘ieJ~9=«3a‘3 ~: -=~»S-‘~islM-s-iuie-iaisaix-Jl-ta-. i~'-5
  8. 8. Yam) -4J‘; §.; -. i. ,al, )-a 0.33.! ’ A . -13-‘liq-tdliil 9.)‘ I. £u‘JJJJ"u"“9.3u 0'-2'-Au-t9:-°'-~: *b-104;-is 4ee13.i4.u3~? -.4.-be cs‘-H3‘! t§"‘-‘(‘: ’.9*""4,1*‘. )"4‘J-‘.35L'. %“‘.3Gh*“"z“L2* J= it«= .«:3ra-te~‘-ii; -i-till-«J: -i«. .-‘*3-4i.3i45.: .s5a. ¢U) 33.24.-1:~‘~e—ui¢3:5J fida3Ji; u'Si‘14-ifalielei5U>4a‘15l. i:+°J5lJ-H-Iieuqeos-Jcl= u4e c5=~i*: i-’-ls-U545)-5 4:i‘= lJ-*4-‘~c1i: ll3-i-is‘-1:; -°¢4-Si-"Yin-Ue‘-rear)-#34:! q35'v'u.5l-! J‘-’J‘. ):‘gJ.3x"-5 4-. NC: ail4e4e. slJJ'l‘-it-‘lo-iiiil-"‘-33136.9-U (‘ilk 447,jl)‘}Lgfu‘5LBC. w&Jijluu3L, L3j, i¢lA_fi_g_. t,)3§g, AOJ3aa ‘-: N5:l-‘.3-lei‘-‘ 4eV*= iJJ*4LZ9lJ4«43~Jqe‘-sci-e~‘~t(.5I'-‘5e354+J5'¢3:5J . J3~uq—-J‘<334e~: -lelaueliaeilel-7i, ¢A5lalJJ. :5‘*$Caa45c1=~i 4
  9. 9. .——, .—svT<: w<~ -—— 4.LLiigul-, t L. Ll, R'. U.i; ‘~
  10. 10. J33 t-Iilau-055‘-‘cl-El l-H-1-4'. ’-4+4-1'4! J33-J4 _a_, §.ul_, '._, i.. c:. ..s‘t. :4., .4s_, :t. ,,, m.x. ... csc, _,a . t_)ul_gA
  11. 11. Formation of superiormirage K 'NR; |J| |-A‘ it: I
  12. 12. ,, v., -. iiiit-. t.iuTn'. L
  13. 13. . C I - q C I I C . . . . . ‘i t ‘N, - - . . . ,4 I . . -_ . .-1 Farlcliondnela lkirm

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