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Personal protective equipment


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prepared by: farihah@psa

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Personal protective equipment

  1. 1.  Personal protective equipment - for eyes, face, head, and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices, and protective shields and barriers. It shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition. Necessary by reason of hazards of processes or environment, chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical irritants.
  2. 2.  Body Protection Eye & Face Protection Hand Protection Head Protection Foot & Leg Protection Ear Protection
  3. 3.  appropriate for the risk involved and conditions at the place where exposure to the risk may occur; adequate protection is afforded without increasing the overall risk; ergonomics requirements and the state of health of the user or wearer; capable of fitting the wearer correctly; designed and manufactured according to a certain standard of quality.
  4. 4.  The risks that workers may encounter include heat, cold, bad weather, chemical or metal splash, spray from pressure leaks or spray guns, impact or penetration, contaminated dust, and excessive wear or entanglement of clothing. The types of body protection include conventional or disposal overalls, boiler suits, warehouse coats, laboratory coats, donkey jackets, aprons and specialist protective clothing such as chemical suits and aluminum asbestos suits for hot work. Choice of material includes non-flammable, anti-static, chainmail, chemically impermeable or high visibility materials.
  5. 5. Single-use earplugs :Made of waxed cotton,foam, silicone rubber orfibreglass wool.When properly inserted,they work as well as mostmoulded earplugs.
  6. 6. Require a perfect sealaround the ear.Better attenuation ofnoise.Glasses, facial hair, longhair or facial movementssuch as chewing mayreduce the protective valueof earmuffs.
  7. 7. Safety Spectacles with safety frames from metal / plastic and impact-resistant lenses, and side shieldsGoggles tight-fitting eye protection that completely cover the eyes, eye sockets and the facial area, provide protection from impact, dust and splashesWelding Shields Vulcanized fibre or fibreglass fitted with a filtered lens; protect eyes from burns caused by infrared or intense radiant light, flying sparks, metal spatter and slag chips produced during welding, brazing, soldering and cutting.Laser safety goggles Protect against intense concentrations of light produced by lasers, (depend on the equipment and operating conditions in the workplace).
  8. 8. Hard HatsHard hats first used for industrial setting were inspired bythe helmets worn by soldiers in World War 1.However approximately 120,000 people sustain headinjuries on the job each year by falling objects, in spitemany of victims were wearing hard hats.This statistics have been the driving force for developmentof tougher & more durable hats.Today’s hat typically made of thermoplastic materialpolyethylene. They are designed to limit the impact to the top of thehead, thus reduce the amount of impact transmitted tohead, neck, and spine.
  9. 9. Situations in which an employee should wear foot and/or leg protection include: When heavy objects such as barrels or tools might roll onto or fall on the employee’s feet. Working with sharp objects such as nails or spikes that could pierce the soles or uppers of ordinary shoes. Exposure to molten metal that might splash on feet or legs. Working on or around hot, wet or slippery surfaces. Working when electrical hazards are present.
  10. 10. Potential hazards include:1. Skin absorption of harmful substances2. Chemical or thermal burns3. Electrical dangers, bruises, abrasions4. Cuts, punctures, fractures.
  11. 11. For protection against chemicals, gloveselection must be based on the:1. Chemicals encountered2. Chemicals resistant3. Physical properties of the glove material