Five year plans for rural
8TH SEM, 4THYEAR
B. PLAN, SPAVIJAYAWADA
Rural development in
In ancient times, the rural people in India were organized into self-sufficient, hard
working, cooperative, happy village republics.
Village system utterly destroyed during the British regime.
Independent India has pledged to establish a socialistic pattern of society through
Rural development, therefore occupies priority in the agenda for rural development in
India for more reasons than one.
Hence emphasis of rural development in five year plans were done.
First five year plan
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND RURAL EXTENSION PROGRAMME
The Community Development Programme (CDP) was the first concrete effort drawn
up for the development of rural areas, immediately after the formation of the
Planning Commission in 1950 under the chairmanship of Jawaharlal.
Community Development is the method and Rural Extension the agency through
which the FiveYear Plan seeks to initiate a process of transformation of the social and
economic life of the villages.
Through this programme, the rural people directly participated in the solution of their
common problems and united the community efforts with those of the Government
for their betterment.
The Plan provides Rs. 90 crores for community projects and proposes the
establishment over a period of about ten years of a network of extension workers
throughout the country.
The First FiveYear Plan was basically a simple exercise of
putting together programmes, targets and outlays, and it
provided the first milestone in rural development through
the launching of the Community Development Programme
and National Extension Serve.
•CDP covered the areas of
development of agriculture,
horticulture, animal husbandry,
fisheries, forestry, rural and
cottage industries and promotion
of health, sanitation,
communication and education.
•It was a multi-purpose one, but
placed emphasis on agricultural
•Despite its multi-faceted nature,
the programme mainly focused
on the economic improvement of
the rural poor.
Second five year plan
• The main objectives of the Plan were: an increase of 25% in the national income,
rapid industrialisation with particular emphasis on the development of basic and
heavy industries, large expansion of employment opportunities, and reduction of
inequalities in income, wealth and more even distribution.
The Intensive Agricultural District Programme
• The intensive Agricultural District Programme (IADP) was introduced in 1962 with all
the essential elements for increasing production to the extent needed.The
objectives of IADP are:
To emphasise the necessity for government policies that could provide farmers
To put together a package of practices with the resources and competence of all
cultivators and then recommended through extension workers for the farmer's
To create new institutions oriented to and capable of providing all the cultivators
with the services and inputs related to the recommended package of practices.
To provide markets that were farmer-oriented and trustworthy. 4
The Second Plan laid strong emphasis on industry.The idea was
that this strategy will relieve the excess population in rural India.
The strategy sought to increase employment in heavy Industry
and the capital goods sector, so that the load on the agricultural
sector could be lightened.
Major programmes of rural
• The Khadi andVillage
• Village Housing Projects,
• Scheme,Tribal Area
• Package Programme
• Intensive Agricultural District
Third five year plan
Among the priorities listed in theThird Plan, it was generally recognised that
agriculture had the first place.Thus in its Initial formulation at least, theThird
Plan differed from the Second Plan. It is generally recognised that there was a
general de-emphasis of agriculture in the Second Plan.TheThird Plan
attempted to reverse this.
• The Applied Nutrition Programme was introduced in the rural areas in 1962
in collaboration with UNICEF and some other agencies.
• The main ingredients of the programme were production and distribution
of nutritious food.
• Besides, the programme also activated education and consumption of
• The beneficiaries of the programme were the pre-school children and the
pregnant and nursing mothers.
Applied Nutrition Programme,
The Rural Industries Projects,
Tribal Development Block
Fourth five year
• Crash Scheme for Rural
• Drought Prone Area
• Small Farmers
• Tribal Area Development
• Pilot Intensive Rural
• minimum Needs
• DPAP is an area development programme, Initiated in 1970 to mitigate the severe
scarcity conditions in the selected chronically drought affected areas in the
• Cash scheme for rural development ,This is a centrally sponsored scheme initiated
in 1971 to provide employment to at least 1000 persons in each of the selected
Districts for a period of 10 months in a year.
• A central sector scheme the Pilot Intensive Rural Employment Project (PIREP) was
started and implemented in areas having different socio-economic conditions on a
• SFDA and MFALDA to improve the economic conditions of small and marginal
farmers and agricultural labourers by assisting them to rise their agricultural out
put through adoption of agricultural inputs including agriculture implements,
development of minor irrigation, subsidiary occupation schemes
The planning and agricultural transformation strategy came to be implemented
during the course of the Fourth Plan and was more popularly known as the “Green
Revolution” in agriculture. Even as (lie “Green Revolution” in agriculture was
ushered, it was realised that “distributive Justice” still remained a distant dream.
Fifth five year plan
• Special Livestock
• Food forWork Programme,
• Desert Development
• Training of RuralYouth for
• SLPP was initiated by the Ministry of Agriculture in 1975-76 on the basis of the
recommendations of the national Commission on Agriculture.The programme
aims at providing greater employment opportunities to the weaker sections and
the rural masses.
• (DDP) was started in 1977-7g3 with the objective of controlling desertification
and development of conditions for raising the level of production, income, and
employment of people of the areas covered under it.
• (TRYSEM ) is launched on 15 August, 1979,designed as a tool for transforming
rural youth into a productive force and it is wowed as a facilitating component of
IRDP.The main aim of the programme is to equip the rural youth with necessary
skills and technical knowledge to enable them to take self-employment in
The Fifth Plan was formulated against the backdrop of severe inflationary
pressures.The major objectives of the plan were to achieve self reliance and
adopt measures for raising the consumption standard of people living below
The Plan laid stress on rural development and its strategy and methodology for
accelerating rural development consists of:
• Increasing production and productivity in agriculture and allied sectors
• Resource and income development of vulnerable sections of the rural population
by providing them access to assets, inputs and marketing services
• Skill formation and skill upgrading programs to promote self and wage
employment amongst the rural poor
• Provision of additional employment opportunities to the rural poor for gainful
employment during the lean agricultural season through NREP
• Povision of essential minimum needs.
The major rural development programs during this period were Integrated
Rural Development Program (IRDP), National Rural Employment Programs,
Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA) and the 20-
The National Rural Employment
The New 20- Point Program
The Rural Landless
Seventh five year
Rural development and poverty alleviation programmes
• Poverty alleviation continued to be a central concern in the Seventh Plan.
• Growth of employment opportunities, human resource and infrastructure
development, removal of inequalities, an expanded system of food
security, increase in productivity in agriculture and industry, participation
of people in development arid substantial improvement in agricultural and
rural development administration were identified as priority areas.
• To reduce unemployment and consequently the incidence of poverty,
special programmes like Jawahar RozgarYojana were launched in addition
to the existing programmes. Due recognition was accorded to the role of
small-scale and food processing industries can play in this regard.
The Seventh Plan envisages the continuance and expansion of the
antipoverty program like –NREP,IRDP,RLEPG
The major rural development
programmes during this Plan
Integrated Rural Energy
Planning Programme, Special
Livestock Breeding Programme,
Jawahar RosgarYojana, Mllion
Wells Scheme and Indira Awas
Eighth five year plan
• Faster economic growth.
• Faster growth of manufacturing
sector and agriculture and allied
• Significant growth rates in exports
and imports improvement in trade
and current account deficit,
significant reduction in the Central
• Jawahar Rosgar Yojana,
• Indira Awas Yojana
• Million Wells Scheme.
• Rise in the employment
• Poverty reduction
• Self-reliance on domestic
• Self-sufficiency in
• GDP Growth Per Annum 5.6
ACHIEVEMENTSRURAL DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY
• Prioritize the specific sectors which
requires immediate investment
• To generate full scale employment
• Promote social welfare measures
like improved healthcare, sanitation,
communication and provision for
extensive education facilities at all
• To check the increasing population
growth by creating mass awareness
• To encourage growth and
diversification of agriculture
• To strengthen the infrastructural
“Priority to agriculture and rural development
with a view to generate adequate productive
employment and eradication of poverty”.
There was emphasis on the seven identified
(BMS). These included:
1. Provision of safe drinking water,
2. Availability of primary health service
3. Universalisation of primary education,
4. Public housing assistance to shelter-less
5. Nutritional support to children,
6. Connectivity of all villages and habitations
7. Streamlining of the public distribution
system with a focus on the poor.
• Priority to agriculture and
rural development with a
view to generating adequate
productive employment and
eradication of poverty.
• to generate adequate
• to stabilize the prices
• to ensure food and
• A combined effort of
public, private, and all
levels of government
• ensured the growth of
• Service sector showed fast
Poverty Alleviation in Rural India :
Programmes and Strategy
Ninth five yearplan
Tenth five year plan
Rapid Poverty Reduction
This plan has a number of new features that includes the following:
1.The plan recognises the rapid growth in the labour force. It aims at creating 50 million job
opportunities during the period, by placing special emphasis on employment intensive
sectors of agriculture, irrigation, agro-forestry, small and medium enterprises,
information and communication technology and other services.
2.The plan addresses the Issue of poverty and the unacceptably low levels of social
3.TheTenth Plan has adopted a differential development strategy. For the first time, state-
wise growth and other monitor able targets have been worked out in consultation with
the states to focus better on their own development plans.
4.TheTenth Plan has identified measures to improve efficiency, unleash entire energy and
promote rapid and sustainable growth. Agriculture is to be the core element of theTenth
• Rural development during planning period-Document
• National 5 year plans