This pain service manual was written to assist the anesthesiologists and nursing
staff in implementing and monitoring the various pain control modalities
available at Al Razi hospital in Kuwait. The manual contains advice and tips on managing patients from immediate post operative period in the recovery to care and monitoring in the wards. This manual was based on extensive research of the standard pain control
guidelines available in texts and online. Certain protocols are based on the
local experience of patient response to narcotics. Highest care was taken t o
research the doses and the reader is advised to exercise their discretion is
choosing the best possible technique and doses for their patients.