Torodov has written that all narratives begin
with equilibrium where in which everything is
good and balanced. ( the initial situation )
Then there later is a interruption, which is
solved in the end.
When everything is resolved at the end of the
narrative a new equilibrium is restored or
Equilibrium ( a normal state, neutral, good or
Interruption of the equilibrium ( action or
Protagonist realises the equilibrium has been
disrupted and tries to correct and restore the
When the equilibrium is restored ( good, bad
or neutral) a totally new equilibrium is
Propp thought that there are seven roles which
any character may assume in a story.
Villain – fights with hero
False hero- Someone claiming to be a hero often
seeking but reacts like a real hero.
Hero- ( seeker hero) Searches, has help from the
donor and often gets married at the end.
Donor – Prepares provides hero with magical fix.
Helper- Helps, rescues, solves.
Dispatcher- sends hero off
Princess – A wanted girl, she exists as a goal and
of recognises and marries hero.