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TO Be a Beauty


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Female still physically suffer from the aesthetic standard nowadays for pursuing appearance beauty just like our ancestors or some tribes do.

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TO Be a Beauty

  1. 1. Foot binding<br />CHINA 。Song dynasty to Qing dynasty<br />
  2. 2. Reasons:<br />1. esthetics<br />2. moral tradition<br />3. national consciousness<br />4. sexual pleasure<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. female genital cutting (FGC) /female circumcision /female genital mutilation (FGM) <br />Africa, Middle East & Far East。<br />
  5. 5. WHAT?<br />WHEN?<br />The terms female genital cutting (FGC), female circumcision, and female genital mutilation (FGM) all describe the cultural practice of partially or totally removing the external female genitalia. <br />The most severe form of FGC is when all external genitalia are removed and the vaginal opening is stitched nearly closed. Only a small opening is left for urine and menstrual blood.<br />FGC is performed on infants, girls, and women of all ages. Most often, FGC happens before a girl reaches pubertyItis also possible that FGC is performed on younger girls because they are less able to resist. <br />WHERE?<br />It is estimated that between 100 million and 140 million girls and women worldwide have received FGC. There are more than 3 million girls at risk of having FGC each year. It is unknown how many women in the United States have received FGC.<br />
  6. 6. HOW?<br />
  7. 7. Beauty?<br />Around the world 。Now<br />