Poetic devices in mango street


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Poetic devices in mango street

  1. 1. Figurative Language Found in Mango Street Table of Contents #10
  2. 2. Definition of Figurative Language <ul><li>Figurative language is a name given to a class of literary conventions that are not meant to be interpreted literally; they are to be interpreted imaginatively. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used to create vivid pictures in the reader’s mind in order to make writing emotionally intense. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used to state ideas in new and unusual ways to satisfy the reader’s imagination. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Figurative Language <ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole </li></ul><ul><li>Personification </li></ul>
  4. 4. Simile <ul><li>A comparison between two dissimilar things or ideas using the words “like” or “as”. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Her hands felt like ice. </li></ul><ul><li>Our coach is as tough as nails. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Practice Simile <ul><ul><li>Complete the following phrases using similes: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. When I am tired, I am… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. When I am annoyed, I am like… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. When I am…, I am like… </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Metaphor <ul><li>A comparison between two dissimilar things or ideas without the use of “like” or “as”. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The pillow was a cloud when I put my head upon it after a long day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The book was a passport to adventure. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Practice Metaphor <ul><li>Last names ending in A-M: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a metaphor for the condition of your bedroom. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Last names ending in N-Z: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a metaphor for a great friend. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Alliteration <ul><li>The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes tongue twisters </li></ul><ul><li>Example: D on't d elay d awns d isarming d isplay . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Practice Alliteration <ul><li>Practice writing a line of alliteration by using the following letters: </li></ul><ul><li>Section One: “C” </li></ul><ul><li>Section Two: “L” </li></ul><ul><li>Section Three: “J” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Additional Practice with Alliteration <ul><li>Practice saying the following lines of alliteration aloud: </li></ul><ul><li>I wish to wash my Irish wristwatch. </li></ul><ul><li>Friendly Frank flips fine flapjacks. </li></ul><ul><li>We surely shall see the sun shine soon. </li></ul><ul><li>Which witch wished which wicked wish? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Onomatopoeia <ul><li>The formation or use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The steaks were sizzling on the grill. </li></ul><ul><li>A snake slithered through the grass. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Practice Onomatopoeia <ul><li>A poem titled “When Carly Eats Spaghetti” is on the following slide. As you read it, write down words that are examples of onomatopoeia. </li></ul>
  13. 13. “ When Carly Eats Spaghetti” <ul><li>When Carly eats spaghetti, </li></ul><ul><li>She chomps and gobbles and slurps, </li></ul><ul><li>The spaghetti disappears with a whoosh </li></ul><ul><li>Sauce slapping and smacking </li></ul><ul><li>Round her chops. </li></ul><ul><li>She scrapes the toast round the plate </li></ul><ul><li>Crunching, grinding every mouthful. </li></ul><ul><li>She burps, gurgles and leaves the table! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Imagery <ul><li>The use of vivid words or descriptions to represent objects, actions, or ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Typically relies on sensory language to create mental images </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>The smoldering embers of the fire gave </li></ul><ul><li>off the scent of Fall’s approach. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Practice Imagery <ul><li>You have one minute to view the picture on the following slide. Then, use imagery to re-create the scene in your own free-verse poem. </li></ul>
  16. 16. A Rock Concert
  17. 17. Hyperbole <ul><li>A great exaggeration used to emphasize a point, and is used for expressive or comic effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>He was so mad at me, I thought he was going to kill me! </li></ul><ul><li>That skyscraper is so tall that it touches </li></ul><ul><li>the clouds. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Practice Hyperbole <ul><li>Write down a hyperbole to describe a celebrity. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Personification <ul><li>Giving an inanimate (or nonhuman) object the qualities of a human being </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The feather tickled my face. </li></ul><ul><li>The wind whistled through the trees. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Practice Personification <ul><li>Personify the following sentences. Change the words in parentheses to words that would describe a human's actions: </li></ul><ul><li>1.My bedroom door (opened). 2.The leaf (fell) from the tree. 3.The CD player (made a noise). 4.The piano keys (moved up and </li></ul><ul><li>down). </li></ul>