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Education in the US


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Education in the US

  1. 1. EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES 1. Nguyễn Việt Duy 2. Trần Thị Hồng Ngọc 3. Phan Thị Ỷ Lan 4. Lê Thuý Ngân 5. Võ Lê Như Ngọc
  2. 2. EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES I. Public Schools II. The Educational Ladder III. Racial Equality and Education IV. Attending an American University and Educating the Individual V. Multicultural Education in the US
  3. 3. I. Public School Presenter: Nguyễn Việt Duy
  4. 4. I. Public School Establishment Responsibility
  5. 5. I. Public School 1.1 Establishment Purpose: to keep the basic value: equality of opportunity
  6. 6. I. Public School Purpose: Providing some tools for people to improve their life
  7. 7. I. Public School 1.2 Responsibility Children with divorced parents
  8. 8. I. Public School 1.2 Responsibility Language Immigrants Differential in education
  9. 9. I. Public School money reduction
  10. 10. II. Educational Ladder 2.1 The educational system 2.2. Types of school 2.3 The inequality in the U.S. educational system 2.4. Government’s solution Presenter: Trần Thị Hồng Ngọc
  11. 11. II. Educational Ladder 2.1 The educational system Elementary school U.S. Educational system Middle school High school Post- secondary education
  12. 12. Elementary school Preschool 3-4 Pre-kindergarten 4-5 Kindergarten 5-6 1st Grade 6-7 2nd Grade 7-8 3rd Grade 8-9 4th Grade 9-10 5th Grade 10-11 Middle school 6th Grade 11-12 7th Grade 12-13 8th Grade 13-14 High School 9th Grade (Freshman) 14-15 10th Grade (Sophomore) 15-16 11th Grade (Junior) 16-17 12th Grade (Senior) 17-18
  13. 13. II. Educational Ladder 2.1 The educational system Undergraduate school Two-year degree (an associate degree) Four-year degree (bachelor’s degree)
  14. 14. II. Educational Ladder 2.1 The educational system  Students who have obtained a bachelor’s degree can continue their education by pursuing the Master’s or Doctoral degree.
  15. 15. II. Educational Ladder 2.2. Types of school Public schools: getting their finance from local, state, and federal government funds. (charter school, magnet school, etc.)  Private schools: supported by a private organization or private individuals rather than by the government, getting their finance mostly from tuition fee. (religious school, elite private school, etc.) 
  16. 16. II. Educational Ladder 2.2. Types of school
  17. 17. Public School
  18. 18. II. Educational Ladder 2.3. The inequality in the educational system - The unequal distribution of wealth is directly related to inequalities in education beginning at early education.
  19. 19. II. Educational Ladder 2.3. The inequality in the educational system     Staff characteristics. The education equipment. The quality of education. …
  20. 20. II. Educational Ladder 2.4. Government’s solution It dramatically increases the role of the federal government in guaranteeing the quality of public education for all children in the United States -- with an emphasis on increased funding for poor school districts, higher achievement for poor and minority students, and new measures to hold schools accountable for their students' progress
  21. 21. III. Racial Equality and Education Presenter: Phan Thị Ỷ Lan 
  22. 22. III. Racial Equality and Education  After civil war, blacks were prevented from attending white schools according to the social and legal system in the southern states.
  23. 23. III. Racial Equality and Education • Despite of existance of non legal segregated schools after 1954, it worked effectively when the civil rights Acts was in forced the mid -1960s
  24. 24. solutions Black students were bused to majority white schools and vice serva for the purpose of balancing races in the school
  25. 25. Setting up a new type of school called “magnet” in black neighborhood benefited students by creating special programs.
  26. 26. Some schools took available places for blacks and minorities.
  27. 27. IV. Attending an American University and Educating the Individual  Presenter: Lê Thuý Ngân
  28. 28. IV. Attending an American University and Educating the Individual Yale University Harvard University
  29. 29. University of Chicago Princeton University
  30. 30. Attending an American University Tuition & buying book expenses Living away from home Financial problems for students
  31. 31. Total cost (2010)  Public University (4 years): $27,967 (per year)  Private University (4 years): $40,476 (per year).
  32. 32. Part-time jobs
  33. 33. Financial aid programs
  34. 34. Distance learning
  35. 35. Educating the Individual  American schools tend to put more emphasis on developing critical thinking skills.
  36. 36.  A large number of extracurricular activities are added to daily life at school. Athletics competitive
  37. 37. Other activities : art, music, photography, debate, volunteer work,…
  38. 38. V. Multicultural Education in the U.S. Presenter: Võ Lê Như Ngọc
  39. 39. V. Multicultural Education in the U.S. 1 • Definition 2 • History 3 • Primary goals 4 • Teaching formula
  40. 40. V. Multicultural Education in the U.S. 5.1. Definition Multicultural education is the recognition of the equality of all people regardless of their racial ethnic or cultural background. EQUALITY racial ethnic cultural background.
  41. 41. 5.2. History   The melting pot is a metaphor for a heterogeneous society becoming more homogeneous, the different elements "melting together" into a harmonious whole with a common culture. It is particularly used to describe the assimilation of immigrants to the USA; the meltingtogether metaphor was in use by the 1780s. After 1970 the desirability of assimilation and the melting pot model was challenged by proponents of multiculturalism, who assert that cultural differences within society are valuable and should be preserved, proposing the alternative metaphor of the mosaic, salad bowl – different cultures mix, but remain distinct.
  42. 42. 5.2. History What were schools like before multicultural education? + School curriculums were focused on white superiority. + Textbooks were about “white” history and all their accomplishments. + Diversity was not part of the educational environment. +There was a “policy of assimilating minority groups into the melting pot of dominant American culture” (Sobol, 1990). +The educational system did not encourage and accept the differences, similarities, and overall diversity that many cultures bring to the United States.
  43. 43. 5.2. History  Outgrowth in the 1960s during Civil Rights Movement.  Curricula reform movement to reflect experiences, histories, cultures and perspectives of African Americans.
  44. 44. 5.3. Primary Goals Respect the different backgrounds of others Provide a fair learning environment Recognize the contributions of all groups Transform educational curriculum
  45. 45. 5.3. Primary Goals Fair learning environment transcend cultural border get involved in class be free about decision making
  46. 46. 5.4. Teaching Formula Teachers should concentrate on the need of including notions of: + Histories + Cultures +Contributions of diverse groups while teaching => Instill students with pride and confidence in their unique and special backgrounds
  47. 47. 5.4. Teaching Formula => Have positive effects on the racial attitudes of students
  48. 48. 5.4. Teaching Formula equity pedagogy
  49. 49. 5.4. Teaching Formula maintain its diversity retain its fundamental identity