Designing innovation policies to meet country needs f amestoy feb2013

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Designing innovation policies to meet country needs

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Designing innovation policies to meet country needs f amestoy feb2013

  1. 1. LOGO JAPAN PATENT OFFICE “ Add your company slogan ” Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania, March 12 and 13, 2013 Designing Innovation Policies to Meet Country Needs Fernando Amestoy
  2. 2. Contents 1. Country Needs 2. Innovation and Competitiveness 3. Economy of innovation 4. The “System of Innovation” approach 5. Public Policies and learned lessons
  3. 3. Country needs  Innovation Systems, Development, Competitiveness and Intellectual Property: A look from the South  GDP  Human development index  Political, social, economic, environmental context
  4. 4. Where is Africa according to the innovation and competitivity models? Measuring and benchmarking Global Innovation Index Global Competitiveness Index
  5. 5. Competitiveness Index model
  6. 6. Global Competitiveness
  7. 7. Innovation Index model
  8. 8. Africa in the Global Innovation Index
  9. 9. Innovation index: regional comparison
  10. 10. ECONOMY OF INNOVATION WHAT FOR? INNOVATION DEVELOPEMENT HUMAN WELFARE GEOPOLITICS COMPETITIVITY IP
  11. 11. 2011 Quality of Life Index
  12. 12. Source: World Health Organization Health indicators 2007: 2 Physicians per 10000 population, 9 nursing per 10000 pop, 0,2 Dentist per 10000 pop, 0,2 public health workers per 10000pop
  13. 13. Health indicators (II)
  14. 14. Environmental indicators
  15. 15. Globally, deforestation continues at a rate of about 13 million hectares per year (FAO 2007).
  16. 16. Designing Innovation Policies Environment Social Equity Development Research
  17. 17. The 'system of innovation' approach GOVERNMENT UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY The Triple Helix of University-IndustryGovernment Relations
  18. 18. The 'system of innovation' approach (II) Innovation Environments International and regional Innovation activities approach Innovation policies focused in social and productive priorities • emphasis on research and development nationally as well as in enterprises • human capital becoming one of the most central factors of competitive ability • the presence of business partners • the existence of legislation to promote business (copyrights, rights of ownership, etc.) • Networking • Local Social and Productive Development • Clusters, Interlinked value-adding activities • Traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous peoples and local communities. Innovation and Social Inclusion
  19. 19. Creating value from knowledge Agribusiness Natural resources management INCORPORATING KNOLEDGE IN Industrial development Social development Environmental sustainability
  20. 20. Research System Enhancement Directing capacities (production and social development) Creating capacities for producing endogenous knowledge INNOVATION HUMAN WELFARE SUSTAITABLE DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL INCLUSION
  21. 21. Public policies catalyzing the process UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY ARTICULATION RESEARCH AGENDA ENTERPREUNERSHIP GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIC AREAS PUBLIC-PRIVATE ENTERPRISES SOCIAL INCLUSION POLICIES ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINTABILITY
  22. 22. South America and Mexico Central America
  23. 23. SOME LEARNED LESSONS (II)
  24. 24. Linking R+D and Government needs  Private sector  University-Industry interphases  Education (creating capacities for endogenous       knowledge creation and technology adaptation) Entrepreneurship and IP in tertiary education programs Information an Communications technologies Local development (decentralizing innovation processes considering territorial specificities) Local agents involvement. Regional innovation system Networking (locally, regionally and internationally) Measuring effects to rectify policies
  25. 25. famestoy@fq.edu.uy LOGO Our future growth relies on competitiveness and innovation, skills “ Add your company slogan ” and productivity... and these in turn rely on the education of our people. Julia Gillard

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