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Chapter ii


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Ok so this is my 4th PPT of the series dedicated to the Human Anatomy. The humor is mine. So just change it to fit your needs. Hope this helps.

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Chapter ii

  1. 1. Chapter II Let the fun begin
  2. 2. Energy Kinetic Energy- Actually doing work Potential Energy- Stored and Inactive In this picture: What is the Kinetic Energy and What is the Potential Energy? Potential Energy Kinetic Energy
  3. 3. Forms of Energy <ul><li>Chemical: stored in bonds of chemical substances Ex: Semtex (an Explosive) or Gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical: product of the movement of charged particles called “ions” Ex: Neural impulses of the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical: DIRECTLY involved with movement Ex. Muscle Contractions </li></ul><ul><li>Radiant: Travels in waves of the electromagnetic spectrum Ex: X-rays, UV light, IR (infrared) </li></ul>
  4. 4. How to remember that? M.E.R.C or C.R.E.M. ~What ever is easiest for you~
  5. 5. Organic Compounds Definition: Carbon-containing compounds Also include: Oxygen, Hydrogen and Nitrogen
  6. 6. CARBOHYDRATES Includes: Sugars Starches
  7. 7. CARBOHYDRATES A common Sugar is: Glucose Also called a Monosaccharide Mono (meaning ONE) Saccharide (meaning SUGAR) C 6 H 12 O 6 Glucose
  8. 8. CARBOHYDRATES DISACCHARIDES Are simply 2 sugars bound together by an Oxygen Examples: Sucrose (Table sugar) Lactose (Milk sugar)
  9. 9. CARBOHYDRATES POLYSACCHARIDES Simply Means: Poly (Meaning MANY *as in more than one*) Saccharides (Meaning ______?)
  10. 10. CARBOHYDRATES Quick Question: Is this a Polysaccharide? Answer: Yes it is BOTH a Disaccharide and a Polysaccharide
  11. 11. So How are Polysaccharides made? SIMPLE: Dehydration Synthesis Your next question must be: “ What the $%&@ is Dehydration Synthesis?” “ Dehydration” Simply put is when you LOSE water But in this case your BUILDING a BOND Thus the Word “ Synthesis” (meaning bringing together )
  12. 12. CARBOHYDRATES IMPORTANT POLYSACCHARIDES STARCH GLYCOGEN What’s the Difference between them? Glycogen is SMALLER than a Starch Molecule
  13. 13. So then how are Polysaccharides BROKEN down? Simple: HYDROLYSIS Hydro : Meaning “from water” Lysis : Meaning “to separate” So water (H2O) is added *with the help of an enzyme* and the bonds BREAK ~snap~
  14. 14. The Relationship Building = Dehydration Synthesis Breaking = Hydrolysis