Connective tissue proper

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Connective tissue proper

  1. 1. CONNECTIVE TISSUES
  2. 2. <ul><li>Supports and binds together other </li></ul><ul><li>structural elements throughout </li></ul><ul><li>the body </li></ul>
  3. 3. Components <ul><li>1. Connective tissue cells </li></ul><ul><li>2. Ground substance </li></ul><ul><li>3. Connective tissue fibers </li></ul><ul><li>4. Blood vessels </li></ul>
  4. 4. General Characteristics <ul><li>1. There are few cells that are set apart. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Abundant intercellular substance </li></ul><ul><li>3. Intercellular ground substance contains fibers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Functions <ul><li>1. Binding of tissues and organs </li></ul><ul><li>2. Mechanical support </li></ul><ul><li>3. Storage of fat and certain minerals </li></ul><ul><li>4. Exchange of metabolites </li></ul><ul><li>5. Repair and healing of wounds </li></ul><ul><li>6. Protection against infection </li></ul>
  6. 6. Classification <ul><li>I. Connective Tissue Proper </li></ul><ul><li>Loose connective Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Dense connective tissue </li></ul><ul><li>II. Specialized Connective Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>Bone </li></ul><ul><li>Blood </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>A. Loose Connective Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>1. Loose Areolar tissue </li></ul><ul><li>- lamina propia </li></ul><ul><li>- supporting tissue of organs </li></ul><ul><li>- in between muscle fibers </li></ul><ul><li>- subcutaneous layer of skin </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>2. Adipose tissue </li></ul><ul><li>- subcutaneous </li></ul><ul><li>layer of </li></ul><ul><li>skin </li></ul><ul><li>- underneath </li></ul><ul><li>linings of </li></ul><ul><li>GIT </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>3. Reticular Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>- supporting stroma of </li></ul><ul><li>highly cellular organs – </li></ul><ul><li>endocrine glands </li></ul><ul><li>lymph nodes </li></ul><ul><li>liver </li></ul>
  10. 15. <ul><li>4. Mucous tissue </li></ul><ul><li>- Wharton’s jelly of umbilical </li></ul><ul><li>cord </li></ul>
  11. 20. <ul><li>B. Dense connective tissue </li></ul><ul><li>1. Dense fibrous irregular </li></ul><ul><li>- dermis of the skin </li></ul><ul><li>- capsules of organs </li></ul><ul><li>- tendon sheaths </li></ul><ul><li>- urinary tract </li></ul>
  12. 26. <ul><li>2. Dense fibrous regular </li></ul><ul><li>- tendons </li></ul><ul><li>- ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>- fascia and aponeurosis </li></ul><ul><li>- cornea </li></ul>
  13. 29. <ul><li>3. Dense elastic tissue </li></ul><ul><li>- ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>- true vocal cords </li></ul><ul><li>- stylohyoid ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>- elastic arteries </li></ul>

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