Figurative Language


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Figurative Language

  1. 1. Go Figure! Figurative Language
  2. 2. Recognizing Figurative Language <ul><li>The opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. </li></ul><ul><li>Literal language is language that means exactly what is said. Most of the time, we use literal language. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is figurative language? <ul><li>Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else or grossly exaggerate something, you are using figurative language. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Figurative Language <ul><li>Imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Personification </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole </li></ul>
  5. 5. Recognizing Figurative Language <ul><li>“ I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could burst!” </li></ul>The person is exaggerating how full they are. They are not really going to burst. This kind of figurative language is called hyperbole.
  6. 6. Imagery <ul><li>Imagery is language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>• Sight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• Hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• Touch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• Taste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• Smell </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Simile <ul><li>A simile is figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Examples of Similes <ul><li>Mr. Kinder’s voice is as clear as a bell. </li></ul><ul><li>Jane’s room is as clean as a whistle </li></ul><ul><li>His explanation was as clear as mud. </li></ul><ul><li>That baby is as cute as a cup cake. </li></ul><ul><li>Her skin is as delicate as a flower’s petal. </li></ul><ul><li>My mouth is as dry as dust. </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs. Beffa’s face is like a ray of sunshine; it brightens my day.  </li></ul>
  9. 9. Simile Practice <ul><li>With a partner, generate a list of 5 similes. Write them in your notes and place a star next to your best simile. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Metaphor <ul><li>A metaphor is a figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of “be.” The comparison is not announced by like or as. </li></ul><ul><li>It is basically a simile without using “like,” “as,” or “than.” </li></ul>Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert.
  11. 11. Metaphor Practice <ul><li>With a partner, generate a list of 5 metaphors. Write them in your notes and place a star next to your best metaphor. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Alliteration <ul><li>Alliteration is repeated consonant (not vowels) sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: She was w ide-eyed and w ondering w hile she w aited for W alter to w aken. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Personification <ul><li>Personification is a figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: “The wind whispered in my ear.&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Onomatopoeia <ul><li>The use of words that mimic sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom ! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hyperbole <ul><li>Hyperbole is an exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: She’s said so on several million occasions . </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Other examples of Hyperbole <ul><li>I could sleep for a year. </li></ul><ul><li>This box weighs a ton. </li></ul><ul><li>I've told you a million times not to exaggerate. </li></ul><ul><li>Your mother is so small she does chin-ups on the curb. </li></ul><ul><li>I nearly died laughing. </li></ul><ul><li>I tried a thousand times. </li></ul><ul><li>Such statements are not literally true, but people use them to sound impressive or to emphasize something, such as a feeling, effort, or reaction. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Hyperbole Activity <ul><li>Draw a cartoon about school or your favorite sport that includes a hyperbole. You might draw and exaggerate a situation. </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Write a 10-line poem using hyperbole. </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Write 5 examples of hyperbole. </li></ul><ul><li>Write the hyperbole in a different color to make it obvious. </li></ul>