• Adolf Hitler
ruled Germany from
1933 to 1945. He called
believed that Germans
were born to rule over
other peoples. This led
to World War II. He also
believed that there
was no place in society
for Jewish people. This
idea led to
the Holocaust, when
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, in Braunau am
Inn, Austria. He grew up in Linz, Austria. In about 1913
Hitler moved to Munich, Germany. When World War I
began in 1914, he joined the German army.
• After the war Hitler joined a tiny political group in Munich. In 1921 Hitler
took control of the group. By then it was known as the Nazi Party.
The Third Reich
By 1932 the Nazi Party was the largest party in the Reichstag
(Germany’s lawmaking assembly). Hitler became chancellor,
or leader, of Germany in 1933. In 1934 he took complete
control. He created what he called the Third Reich, or empire.
soon put his beliefs into practice. Soon Jews
were not allowed to own businesses or attend
certain schools. Many were arrested and sent to
concentration camps. Hitler also strengthened
Germany’s military power.
World War II and the
• Hitler then moved to
enlarge the Third
Reich. He took over
invaded Poland in
September 1939, World
War II began.
• During the war Hitler stepped up his campaign against the Jews.
The Nazis killed many in the concentration camps. Others died
while working as slave laborers. Eventually some 6 million Jews
died in the Holocaust.
By 1944 the war was going badly for Hitler. Hitler killed himself on
April 30, 1945, in Berlin, Germany. Germany surrendered, and the
war in Europe ended on May 8.